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The Deathblows to Authoritarian Rule: The Civil and Voting Rights Acts and National Party Reform, 1964–72

Robert Mickey

in Paths Out of Dixie: The Democratization of Authoritarian Enclaves in America's Deep South, 1944-1972

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133386
eISBN:
9781400838783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133386.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines how the federal government and black protest organizations intervened in southern authoritarian enclaves, with a particular focus on the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting ... More


Race‐Conscious Districting in the USA

Anne Phillips

in The Politics of Presence

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294153
eISBN:
9780191600098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294158.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Civil rights litigation in the USA successfully interpreted the 1965 Voting Rights Act as implying the right of minority voters to elect the candidates of their choice. This gave the impetus to ... More


Historic Progress: Public Accommodations and Voting Rights in the Johnson Years

Timothy J. Minchin and John A. Salmond

in After the Dream: Black and White Southerners since 1965

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813129785
eISBN:
9780813135625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813129785.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

Those who advocated civil rights encountered a wide variety of challenges during the Johnson years. Attention was drawn away from issues of race during the summer of 1965 because the United States ... More


After the Dream: Black and White Southerners since 1965

Timothy J. Minchin and John A. Salmond

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813129785
eISBN:
9780813135625
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813129785.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

Martin Luther King's 1965 address from Montgomery, Alabama, the center of much racial conflict at the time and the location of the well-publicized bus boycott a decade earlier, is often considered by ... More


George W. Bush, Compassionate Conservatism, and the Limits of “Racial Realism”

Steven F. Lawson

in Winning While Losing: Civil Rights, the Conservative Movement, and the Presidency from Nixon to Obama

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813049083
eISBN:
9780813046976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049083.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines how President Bush promoted compassionate conservatism through his education policy, No Child Left Behind, and his support of diversity in his cabinet. Bush’s tactics reflected ... More


The Impact of Mississippi Litigation on National Voting Rights Law

Frank R. Parker

in Black Votes Count: Political Empowerment in Mississippi After 1965

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807842744
eISBN:
9781469603315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869697_parker.11
Subject:
History, African-American History

The Voting Rights Act of 1965 enabled and empowered black citizens especially in the South to exercise their voting rights and elect the representatives of their choice, and this act is considered to ... More


Ronald Reagan and the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights: Battles Won and Wars Lost

Mary Frances Berry

in Winning While Losing: Civil Rights, the Conservative Movement, and the Presidency from Nixon to Obama

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813049083
eISBN:
9780813046976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049083.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter describes how the Reagan administration sought to limit key civil rights policies such as the Voting Rights Act, to defeat fair housing legislation, to support segregated private ... More


How the Second Reconstruction Stabilized

in The Two Reconstructions: The Struggle for Black Enfranchisement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226845289
eISBN:
9780226845272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226845272.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter traces both jurisprudence-building and party-building. It discusses the Voting Rights Act's (VRA) architecture, initial Supreme Court tests, and the act's renewals. It pays particular ... More


Confronting the Roadblock: Congress, Civil Rights, and World War II

Julian E. Zelizer

in Fog of War: The Second World War and the Civil Rights Movement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195382419
eISBN:
9780199932641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382419.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Despite the role that Congress would play in the eventual passage of legislation like the Civil Rights Act 1964 and the Voting Rights Act 1965, its role during the war has traditionally been ... More


Basic Legal Rights

Kent Spriggs (ed.)

in Voices of Civil Rights Lawyers: Reflections from the Deep South, 1964–1980

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813054322
eISBN:
9780813053134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054322.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Part 3 discusses the growth of basic legal rights. In the twenty-first century it can be hard to appreciate how remarkably welcoming the federal judiciary was to the claims of the civil rights ... More


Nation Time

Richard Iton

in In Search of the Black Fantastic: Politics and Popular Culture in the Post-Civil Rights Era

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195178463
eISBN:
9780199851812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178463.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

As the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act were put into practice, legal equality was formally established among all American citizens. This, however, led to the black community ... More


Right Turn?: The Republican Party and African American Politics in Post-1965 Mississippi

Chris Danielson

in Nation within a Nation: The American South and the Federal Government

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813049878
eISBN:
9780813050348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049878.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chris Danielson takes up the Mississippi story after 1964 and provides a somewhat different interpretation of succeeding events than Rebecca Miller Davis implies. Danielson acknowledges that race did ... More


Plates of Silver, Plates of Mud: 1965–1970

Chris Danielson

in After Freedom Summer: How Race Realigned Mississippi Politics, 1965-1986

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037387
eISBN:
9780813042350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037387.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter discusses the efforts of the NAACP and MFDP to register voters and run candidates for office during the first five years of the Voting Rights Act. The organizations were often in ... More


The Dream Is Lost: Voting Rights and the Politics of Race in Richmond, Virginia

Julian Maxwell Hayter

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780813169484
eISBN:
9780813169972
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813169484.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The Dream Is Lost describes more than three decades of national/local racial politics and the unintended consequences of the civil rights movement. It uses the mid-twentieth-century urban history of ... More


Lead into Gold?: The Alchemy of County Redistricting

Chris Danielson

in After Freedom Summer: How Race Realigned Mississippi Politics, 1965-1986

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037387
eISBN:
9780813042350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037387.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter discusses the legal battles to end discriminatory county redistricting in Mississippi. County supervisors wielded significant power on the local level, and white boards of supervisors ... More


City Wards and Jacksonian Democracy

Chris Danielson

in After Freedom Summer: How Race Realigned Mississippi Politics, 1965-1986

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037387
eISBN:
9780813042350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037387.003.0009
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter deals with the efforts by civil rights activists to undo at-large elections and the city commission form of government in Jackson, Mississippi, the state's capital and largest city. ... More


The Two Reconstructions: The Struggle for Black Enfranchisement

Richard M. Valelly

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226845289
eISBN:
9780226845272
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226845272.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The Reconstruction era marked a huge political leap for African Americans, who rapidly went from the status of slaves to voters and officeholders. Yet this hard-won progress lasted only a few ... More


Through the Eyes of King: Assessing Contemporary Challenges to Voting Rights

Donathan L. Brown

in Dream and Legacy: Dr. Martin Luther King in the Post-Civil Rights Era

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781496811844
eISBN:
9781496811882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496811844.003.0002
Subject:
History, Political History

Whether it was his 1957 address, “Give us the Ballot,” or his involvement in the 1965 Selma to Montgomery marches, which lead to the passage of the Voting Rights Act later that year, Dr. Martin ... More


Firing the Presidential Cannons: The White House, 1963–1965

Sylvia Ellis

in Freedom's Pragmatist: Lyndon Johnson and Civil Rights

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780813044569
eISBN:
9780813046174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044569.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses how and why civil rights was a priority for President Johnson during his first two years in the White House. Within days of becoming president, after the shocking assassination ... More


Mississippi in 1965: The Struggle for the Right to Vote

Frank R. Parker

in Black Votes Count: Political Empowerment in Mississippi After 1965

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807842744
eISBN:
9781469603315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869697_parker.6
Subject:
History, African-American History

Prior to the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, racial discrimination in the electoral process had played a critical part in discrimination in the southern states. Blacks in the state of ... More


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