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Jeff Jordan

in Pascal's Wager: Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199291328
eISBN:
9780191710698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291328.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter scrutinizes nine objections leveled against Pascal's Wager. Two of these objections are charges that Pascalian reasoning is immoral. Three might be called ‘methodological objections’, as ... More


The Myth of the Renaissance in Nineteenth-Century Writing

J. B. Bullen

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198128885
eISBN:
9780191671722
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198128885.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Few people who use the word ‘Renaissance’ today realize that it is a comparatively recent historical idea, or that it is a ‘myth’ or story constructed by writers to explain the past. This innovative ... More


A Clash with Democracy: Geneva and Jean-Jacques Rousseau

R. R. Palmer

in The Age of the Democratic Revolution: A Political History of Europe and America, 1760-1800

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161280
eISBN:
9781400850228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161280.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter discusses a movement of modern democratic type in Geneva in 1768, which made a positive impression on institutions of government. In the roles played by upper, middle, and lower classes, ... More


Body and Soul

Andrew Kahn

in Pushkin's Lyric Intelligence

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199234745
eISBN:
9780191715747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234745.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism, Poetry

This chapter returns to the intersection of poetry and ideas. It refocuses on a theory of sensibility that is an important part of the pre-Romantic legacy of Pushkin's view of individual identity. In ... More


The Bride's Story (2): Becoming an Enlightenment Woman Marie-Jeanne

Siân Reynolds

in Marriage and Revolution: Monsieur and Madame Roland

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199560424
eISBN:
9780191741814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560424.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter analyses Marie-Jeanne's determination to educate herself, she is allowed to read: works of religion, but also Plutarch and Voltaire, provided by the apprentices. After her pious mother's ... More


Dream, Creativity, and Madness in Nineteenth-Century France

Tony James

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198151883
eISBN:
9780191672873
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198151883.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature, European Literature

This is an important new analysis of the problematic relationship between dreams and madness as perceived by 19th-century French writers, thinkers, and doctors. Those wishing to know the nature of ... More


The Secular Enlightenment

Margaret C. Jacob

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780691161327
eISBN:
9780691189123
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161327.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This is a panoramic account of the radical ways that life began to change for ordinary people in the age of Locke, Voltaire, and Rousseau. In this book, familiar Enlightenment figures share places ... More


The Realm of Reason

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

In the course of the eighteenth century, natural philosophy began to take on a new cultural standing, emerging as the paradigm bearer of, and the standard for, cognitive values. It was Fontenelle who ... More


Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750

Jonathan I. Israel

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206088
eISBN:
9780191676970
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206088.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

Arguably the most decisive shift in the history of ideas in modern times was the complete demolition during the late 17th and 18th centuries — in the wake of the Scientific Revolution — of ... More


The Fables of Reason: A Study of Voltaire's Contes Philosophiques

Roger Pearson

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198158806
eISBN:
9780191673375
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198158806.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

Three hundred years after his birth in 1694, this is the first comprehensive study of Voltaire's Contes Philosophiques: the philosophical tales for which he is now best remembered and which include ... More


Toward Enlightenment: Kant and the Sources of Darkness *

J. B. Schneewind

in Essays on the History of Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563012
eISBN:
9780191721731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563012.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Many Enlightenment thinkers — Wolff, Voltaire, Hume, Condorcet, for example — think that ignorance is the source of the darkness that enlightenment must dispel. Kant does not agree. He famously ... More


Mock on Voltaire Rousseau

Harold Fisch

in The Biblical Presence in Shakespeare, Milton, and Blake: A Comparative Study

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198184898
eISBN:
9780191674372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198184898.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, Shakespeare Studies

This chapter argues that Blake both identified with the spirit of the Enlightenment and found his most passionately held convictions threatened by that spirit. The clearest and subtlest statement of ... More


The Foundations of Renaissance Historiography in the Eighteenth Century Voltaire and Gibbon

J. B. BULLEN

in The Myth of the Renaissance in Nineteenth-Century Writing

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198128885
eISBN:
9780191671722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198128885.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

The term ‘Renaissance’ is a relatively modern idea. It did not exist in the eighteenth century, and even in the nineteenth century it had a meaning rather different from ours. Our use of the word ... More


The Atheism of d'Holbach and Naigeon

Alan Charles Kors

in Atheism from the Reformation to the Enlightenment

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198227366
eISBN:
9780191678684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227366.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, History of Religion

This chapter discusses the high tide of atheism in the French Enlightenment. It discusses the materialistic atheism advocated by the Baron d'Holbach and Jacques–André Naigeon. Naigeon and d'Holbach ... More


Philosophy and the Making of Modernity

Jonathan I. Israel

in Enlightenment Contested: Philosophy, Modernity, and the Emancipation of Man 1670-1752

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199279227
eISBN:
9780191700040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279227.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

This chapter begins by considering the alleged gap between Spinoza’s philosophy and the ‘Spinozism’ rife in the Early Enlightenment. It argues that Early Enlightenment ‘Spinozism’ was broadly ... More


Faith and Reason: Bayle versus the Rationaux

Jonathan I. Israel

in Enlightenment Contested: Philosophy, Modernity, and the Emancipation of Man 1670-1752

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199279227
eISBN:
9780191700040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279227.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

This chapter begins with a discussion of Europe’s religious crisis of the late 17th century. It then explores the consensus gentium which, according to Bernard, Le Clerc, Élie Benoît, and the other ... More


Epilogue: Rousseau, Radicalism, Revolution

Jonathan I. Israel

in Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206088
eISBN:
9780191676970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206088.003.0038
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

The French Revolution overtly challenged the three principal pillars of medieval and early modern society — monarchy, aristocracy, and the Church — going some way to overturning all three. Inevitably ... More


Locke on personal identity: consciousness, memory, and self-concern

Udo Thiel

in The Early Modern Subject: Self-Consciousness and Personal Identity from Descartes to Hume

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199542499
eISBN:
9780191730917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542499.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter turns to Locke's account of personal identity itself, taking up the discussion of the fundamental notions that are relevant in this account from the previous chapter. Contrary to what ... More


The conte philosophique and its Readers

ROGER PEARSON

in The Fables of Reason: A Study of Voltaire's Contes Philosophiques

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198158806
eISBN:
9780191673375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198158806.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter discusses the concepts of conte, the conte philosophique, and the importance of the readers to Voltaire and his different narrative works. Based on the discussions presented in this ... More


Statistics and Symposia: LʼHomme aux quarante écus

ROGER PEARSON

in The Fables of Reason: A Study of Voltaire's Contes Philosophiques

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198158806
eISBN:
9780191673375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198158806.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter discusses one of the works of Voltaire: the LʼHomme aux quarante écus. A few years after it was published, the LʼHomme aux quarante écus was ordered to be burned by the Parlement of ... More


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