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Sick in the Night

Geoffrey Campbell Cocks

in The State of Health: Illness in Nazi Germany

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199695676
eISBN:
9780191738616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695676.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Nazis viewed the ‘racial’ body as a place of collective and individual superiority over inferiority, strength over weakness, and victory over defeat. The material and morbid body was a place of ... More


Visions of Community in Nazi Germany: Social Engineering and Private Lives

Martina Steber and Bernhard Gotto (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199689590
eISBN:
9780191768316
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689590.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

When the Nazis seized power in Germany in 1933 they promised to create a new, harmonious society under the leadership of the Führer, Adolf Hitler. The concept of Volksgemeinschaft, lit. ‘the people’s ... More


Craving Community: World War I and the Myth of Comradeship

Thomas Kühne

in Belonging and Genocide: Hitler's Community, 1918-1945

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300121865
eISBN:
9780300168570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300121865.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines Germany's obsession with community and belonging as a consequence of the aftermath of World War I, the loss of which left the German nation tattered and fragmented. Soldiers' ... More


Cultural Histories after the Cold War

Pamela M. Potter

in Art of Suppression: Confronting the Nazi Past in Histories of the Visual and Performing Arts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780520282346
eISBN:
9780520957961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520282346.003.0006
Subject:
Art, Visual Culture

The final chapter provides an update on post–Cold War historiography and points to new directions for future research. The fall of communism revived comparisons between Nazism and Stalinism and ... More


Volksgemeinschaft: Writing the Social History of the Nazi Regime

Martina Steber and Bernhard Gotto

in Visions of Community in Nazi Germany: Social Engineering and Private Lives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199689590
eISBN:
9780191768316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689590.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Volksgemeinschaft was the Nazis’ social utopia, which they set out to realize by any means available to them: by bureaucratic practice, by individualized calls to action, by providing opportunities ... More


Volksgemeinschaft: Potential and Limitations of the Concept

Ian Kershaw

in Visions of Community in Nazi Germany: Social Engineering and Private Lives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199689590
eISBN:
9780191768316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689590.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter indicates three differing ways in which Volksgemeinschaft is currently used in research: to denote changed power relations; as a mobilizing force through ‘affective integration’; and as ... More


Volksgemeinschaft: A Modern Perspective on National Socialist Society

Michael Wildt

in Visions of Community in Nazi Germany: Social Engineering and Private Lives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199689590
eISBN:
9780191768316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689590.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The chapter takes up the critique of the Volksgemeinschaft approach voiced by Ian Kershaw and emphasizes its value. It stresses the epistemological shift in perspective in the historiography of ... More


Echoes of the Volksgemeinschaft

Ulrich Herbert

in Visions of Community in Nazi Germany: Social Engineering and Private Lives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199689590
eISBN:
9780191768316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689590.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The chapter engages with continuities and discontinuities between the societies of Nazi Germany and the Federal Republic. Critical towards the Volksgemeinschaft approach, it contrasts the National ... More


The NSDAP’s Operational Codes after 1933*

Armin Nolzen

in Visions of Community in Nazi Germany: Social Engineering and Private Lives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199689590
eISBN:
9780191768316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689590.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The chapter scrutinizes the NSDAP as the central organization working at the Volksgemeinschaft project. Oriented at Philip Selznick’s organizational theory, which focuses on the role of organization ... More


Mobilizing German Society for War: The National Socialist Gaue

Thomas Schaarschmidt

in Visions of Community in Nazi Germany: Social Engineering and Private Lives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199689590
eISBN:
9780191768316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689590.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The National Socialist Gaue played a decisive role in the transformation of German society along the lines of the Volksgemeinschaft utopia, this chapter argues. Only in recent years research has ... More


Registering the Volksgemeinschaft: Civil Status in Nazi Germany 1933–9*

Jane Caplan

in Visions of Community in Nazi Germany: Social Engineering and Private Lives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199689590
eISBN:
9780191768316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689590.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Civil registry offices are part of a largely disregarded apparatus of state registration, which was one of the foundations for the practical implementation of racial as well as social sorting in Nazi ... More


Exporting Volksgemeinschaft: The Deutsche Volksliste in Annexed Upper Silesia

Gerhard Wolf

in Visions of Community in Nazi Germany: Social Engineering and Private Lives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199689590
eISBN:
9780191768316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689590.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter investigates the National Socialist population policy in occupied Upper Silesia, where the Nazis used all the violence at their disposal to set about creating Volksgemeinschaft. In this ... More


Volksgemeinschaft and the Illusion of ‘Normality’ from the 1920s to the 1940s

Andreas Wirsching

in Visions of Community in Nazi Germany: Social Engineering and Private Lives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199689590
eISBN:
9780191768316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689590.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The interaction between public and private spheres from the 1920s to the 1940s is a key issue for understanding the nature of the Nazi Volksgemeinschaft, this chapter argues. By focusing on it, the ... More


Greasing the Palm of the Volksgemeinschaft?: Consumption under National Socialism

Birthe Kundrus

in Visions of Community in Nazi Germany: Social Engineering and Private Lives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199689590
eISBN:
9780191768316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689590.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Nazi consumer policy was a crucial instrument for the Volksgemeinschaft project. It fostered the promise of future widespread affluence mainly by playing on the emotional added value of consumption. ... More


Volksgenossinnen on the German Home Front: An Insight into Nazi Wartime Society

Nicole Kramer

in Visions of Community in Nazi Germany: Social Engineering and Private Lives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199689590
eISBN:
9780191768316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689590.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

German wartime society benefited from and was deeply marked by the mobilization of women. Female activism in organizations such as the Air Raid Protections Squads or the Auxiliary Service stabilized ... More


‘Community of Action’ and Diversity of Attitudes: Reflections on Mechanisms of Social Integration in National Socialist Germany, 1933–45

Frank Bajohr

in Visions of Community in Nazi Germany: Social Engineering and Private Lives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199689590
eISBN:
9780191768316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689590.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Modern History

While foreign diplomats in Germany recorded a wide diversity of attitudes towards the Nazi regime, they underscored its growing social support among the population. Indeed, everyday social ... More


Social Spaces of the Nazi Volksgemeinschaft in the Making: Functional Elites and Club Networking

Rüdiger Hachtmann

in Visions of Community in Nazi Germany: Social Engineering and Private Lives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199689590
eISBN:
9780191768316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689590.003.0014
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Gentlemen’s societies were important places where members of the old elites could meet high-ranking Party officials. They were indeed important social spaces of the Nazi Volksgemeinschaft in the ... More


The Holocaust: Basis and Objective of the Volksgemeinschaft?

Christopher R. Browning

in Visions of Community in Nazi Germany: Social Engineering and Private Lives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199689590
eISBN:
9780191768316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689590.003.0015
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In Nazi ideology, this chapter argues, the exclusive, racially pure Volksgemeinschaft and Holocaust were inextricably intertwined: the annihilation of the Jews was both the prerogative for victory ... More


Volksgemeinschaft and Violence: Some Reflections on Interdependencies

Sven Keller

in Visions of Community in Nazi Germany: Social Engineering and Private Lives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199689590
eISBN:
9780191768316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689590.003.0016
Subject:
History, European Modern History

During the beginning and the end of the Third Reich, violence was used to establish, consolidate, enforce, and maintain power and to communicate it to the people. It changed society and changed ... More


Social Control and the Making of the Volksgemeinschaft

Detlef Schmiechen-Ackermann

in Visions of Community in Nazi Germany: Social Engineering and Private Lives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199689590
eISBN:
9780191768316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689590.003.0017
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In this chapter social control in the Third Reich is examined in four fields of action: ritualized mass events; the activities of the Party Wardens; conditioning through school education and the ... More


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