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Prerogatives and Restrictions

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The first three chapters of Part III of the book (Chs 8–10) examine the question of whether it is morally permissible to treat people in ways ruled out by the Principle of Permissible Harm (PPH; this ... More


Lying Historians: Seven Types of Mendacity

T.P. Wiseman

in Lies and Fiction in the Ancient World

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780859893817
eISBN:
9781781385180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780859893817.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Plays and Playwrights: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter presents an illustrated catalogue of types of invention in ancient historiography (the sub-title echoes the famous ‘seven types of ambiguity’ of the literary critic Empson); these types ... More


Eye Witnesses

M. David Litwa

in How the Gospels Became History: Jesus and Mediterranean Myths

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780300242638
eISBN:
9780300249484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300242638.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter introduces the idea of an eyewitness as a literary device of authentication. It compares the use of such an eyewitness in the fourth gospel and other contemporary literature (namely the ... More


Five Properties of Desire

Neil Sinhababu

in Humean Nature: How desire explains action, thought, and feeling

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198783893
eISBN:
9780191826542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783893.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 2 presents five properties of desire which will be used in psychological explanations throughout the rest of the book. Desire motivates action when combined with a belief about how to attain ... More


Desire and Vividness

Neil Sinhababu

in Humean Nature: How desire explains action, thought, and feeling

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198783893
eISBN:
9780191826542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783893.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

All of desire’s other properties are amplified when its object is vividly sensed or imagined. Chapter 7 uses this property of desire, Amplification by Vividness, to explain procrastination and ... More


Willpower

Neil Sinhababu

in Humean Nature: How desire explains action, thought, and feeling

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198783893
eISBN:
9780191826542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198783893.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 8 explains how we exercise willpower: by intentionally redirecting attention away from vividly represented temptation and towards less vividly represented goals. Redirecting attention raises ... More


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