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Abuse Victimization, Trauma, and the Differential Etiology of Violence

Kevin H. Wozniak

in Thugs and Thieves: The Differential Etiology of Violence

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780195393583
eISBN:
9780190603946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393583.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Many authors see child abuse as a very important cause of violent behavior. In this chapter we examined published evidence on the association between physical abuse, neglect, sexual abuse and trauma ... More


Alcohol, Drugs, and Violent vs. Nonviolent Crime

Kevin H. Wozniak

in Thugs and Thieves: The Differential Etiology of Violence

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780195393583
eISBN:
9780190603946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393583.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Media attention was directed at drug use as a cause of violence for decades. Meanwhile, empirical evidence centered on alcohol. This chapter evaluates the ability of alcohol and drug use to ... More


Circling the Wagon: Child Safety and the Punitive State in the Clinton Years

Paul M. Renfro

in Stranger Danger: Family Values, Childhood, and the American Carceral State

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780190913984
eISBN:
9780190914011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190913984.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Political History

Chapter 7 shows how so-called New Democrat Bill Clinton seized upon the stranger danger myth and hitched it to his racialized “law and order” and “family values” policy programs. As president, ... More


Intelligence, Executive Function, and Violence

Kevin H. Wozniak

in Thugs and Thieves: The Differential Etiology of Violence

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780195393583
eISBN:
9780190603946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393583.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In our first substantive chapter, we provide a comprehensive review of studies that have tested associations between indicators of intelligence (broadly construed to include executive functions and ... More


Academic Achievement, Other Educational Factors, and Violent Behavior

Kevin H. Wozniak

in Thugs and Thieves: The Differential Etiology of Violence

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780195393583
eISBN:
9780190603946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393583.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The school experience is central to the lives of millions of children. Here, we evaluate the ability of school measures to differentially predict violent as compared to nonviolent offending by ... More


Neighborhoods, Culture, and Violent Crime

Kevin H. Wozniak

in Thugs and Thieves: The Differential Etiology of Violence

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780195393583
eISBN:
9780190603946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393583.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The idea that community factors influence the violent behavior of individuals comes from classic sociological theory. In this chapter, we collected a comprehensive set of studies reporting an ... More


The Clintons’ War on Drugs: Why Black Lives Didn’t Matter

Donna Murch

in Caging Borders and Carceral States: Incarcerations, Immigration Detentions, and Resistance

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781469651231
eISBN:
9781469651262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651231.003.0012
Subject:
History, African-American History

The chapter offers a political analysis of how mass incarceration unfolded through the designs of the Democratic Leadership Council (DLC), the collection of conservative and centrist Sunbelt ... More


What We Don’t Know About Violence

Kevin H. Wozniak

in Thugs and Thieves: The Differential Etiology of Violence

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780195393583
eISBN:
9780190603946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393583.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Today, most criminological theory and research does not distinguish between violent and nonviolent crime. Instead, many criminologists accept the existence of a unidimensional construct, called ... More


Parental Warmth and Rejection in the Etiology of Violence

Kevin H. Wozniak

in Thugs and Thieves: The Differential Etiology of Violence

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780195393583
eISBN:
9780190603946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393583.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter provides a review of research on parental warmth and parental rejection and their associations with physical aggression and violence. There is consistent evidence that parental warmth is ... More


New Judges, New Challenges, 1988–1992

James M. Denham

in Fifty Years of Justice: A History of the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Florida

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813060491
eISBN:
9780813050638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060491.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses the Middle District during the years of the George H. W. Bush Presidency, 1988–1992. The Middle District experienced intense overcrowding due to expanding case load, and the ... More


Exploring Why: Motivation, Context, and Violent Offending

Kevin H. Wozniak

in Thugs and Thieves: The Differential Etiology of Violence

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780195393583
eISBN:
9780190603946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393583.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter will provide the reasoning for choosing three external factors–poverty, community, and substance use–as worthy of evaluation in the differential etiology of violence. We examine the ... More


The Role of Poverty in the Differential Etiology of Violence

Kevin H. Wozniak

in Thugs and Thieves: The Differential Etiology of Violence

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780195393583
eISBN:
9780190603946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393583.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The deleterious effects of poverty on individuals and communities have long been studied in a variety of scholarly disciplines. Clearly poor, inner-city areas are most likely to have high rates of ... More


Summary of Findings and Recommendations for Future Research

Kevin H. Wozniak

in Thugs and Thieves: The Differential Etiology of Violence

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780195393583
eISBN:
9780190603946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393583.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter provides a systematic summary of findings from the substantive chapters in this book on the topics of intelligence, school, attachment to parents, parental warmth and rejection, child ... More


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