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Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Timothy Kohler and Mark Varien (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270145
eISBN:
9780520951990
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270145.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Ancestral Pueblo farmersexpanded into the deep, productive, well-watered soils of the central Mesa Verde region of southwestern Colorado around AD 600, and within two centuries built some of the ... More


Supply, Demand, Return Rates, and Resource Depression: Hunting in the Village Ecodynamics World

Jason A. Cowan, Timothy A. Kohler, C. David Johnson, Kevin Cooper, and R. Kyle Bocinsky

in Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270145
eISBN:
9780520951990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270145.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Although the Pueblo people in the VEP area were farmers, hunting was an extremely important activity, and for more than 400 years provided most or all of the high-quality protein in the diet. In ... More


The Study Area and the Ancestral Pueblo Occupation

Scott G. Ortman, Donna M. Glowacki, Mark D. Varien, and C. David Johnson

in Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270145
eISBN:
9780520951990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270145.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

A major effort of the Village Ecodynamics Project involved translating the archaeological record of the central Mesa Verde region into quantitative summaries of the actual ancestral Pueblo settlement ... More


Simulation Model Overview

Timothy A. Kohler

in Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270145
eISBN:
9780520951990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270145.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

The agent-based simulation used by the Village Ecodynamics Project is called "Village" and consists of about 17,000 lines of Objective-C code written for the Swarm simulation platform. This chapter ... More


Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages in the Central Mesa Verde: An Introduction

Timothy A. Kohler and Mark D. Varien

in Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270145
eISBN:
9780520951990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270145.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

The National Science Foundation-funded Village Ecodynamics Project organizes data on the sizes and locations of Pueblo archaeological sites within a 1,817-sq-km portion of southwestern Colorado. The ... More


Modeling Plant and Animal Productivity and Fuel Use

C. David Johnson and Timothy A. Kohler

in Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270145
eISBN:
9780520951990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270145.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Realistic simulation of long-term household settlement patterns is based on spatially and temporally variable supplies of critical natural resources produced by study-area soils. Annual net primary ... More


Modeling Agricultural Productivity and Farming Effort

Timothy A. Kohler

in Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270145
eISBN:
9780520951990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270145.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

We describe how we integrated variability in precipitation and temperature through time and across our study area with variabilityin soils to produce plausible estimates of potential maize production ... More


Characterizing Community-Center (Village) Formation in the VEP Study Area, a.d. 600–1280

Donna M. Glowacki and Scott G. Ortman

in Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270145
eISBN:
9780520951990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270145.003.0014
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter describes the cycles of aggregation and dissolution of the largest villages in the VEP study area. Because these villages were often central nodes among a number of smaller settlements ... More


The Rise and Collapse of Villages in the Central Mesa Verde Region

Timothy A. Kohler

in Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270145
eISBN:
9780520951990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270145.003.0015
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

The large-scale trends in immigration and emigration that we document for the VEP study area are due primarily to the effects of low-frequency variability in temperature; the VEP area becomes too ... More


Population Dynamics and Warfare in the Central Mesa Verde Region

Sarah M. Cole

in Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270145
eISBN:
9780520951990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270145.003.0013
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

The relationship between population size or density and warfare has been the subject of much debate in anthropological research. In 2006 Peter Turchin and Andrey Korotayev raised the possibility that ... More


How Hunting Changes the VEP World, and How the VEP World Changes Hunting

R. Kyle Bocinsky, Jason A. Cowan, Timothy A. Kohler, and C. David Johnson

in Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270145
eISBN:
9780520951990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270145.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

We explore how the hunting parameters we vary in the Village simulation affect agent and animal population sizes and hunting return rates. We find that agent populations readily and rapidly deplete ... More


Simulating Household Exchange with Cultural Algorithms

Ziad Kobti

in Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270145
eISBN:
9780520951990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270145.003.0011
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

The ability of the computational agent model to exhibit the ability of exchanging resources is a critical step in forming the social welfare of the simulated population. An overview of the exchange ... More


Modeling Paleohydrological System Structure and Function

Kenneth E. Kolm and Schaun M. Smith

in Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270145
eISBN:
9780520951990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270145.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

We present a new approach for quantitatively modeling drinking water suppliesin the central Mesa Verde region from AD 600 to 1300. We developed regional and site-specific conceptual models of the ... More


Exercising the Model: Assessing Changes in Settlement Location and Efficiency

Timothy A. Kohler, R. Kyle Bocinsky, Stefani Crabtree, and Ben Ford

in Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270145
eISBN:
9780520951990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270145.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Comparison between the real and simulated settlement distributions allows us to assess the goodness-of-fit between them. Since our agents optimize their locations, this is also a measure of the ... More


Three Low-Frequency Climate in the Mesa Verde Region: beef pasture revisited

Aaron M. Wright

in Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270145
eISBN:
9780520951990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270145.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Low-frequency climate records, available from pollen depositional sequences, provide an important adjunct to the high-frequency paleoclimate records provided by tree-ring research. Resampling of Beef ... More


Tool-Stone Procurement in the Mesa Verde Core Region Through Time

Fumiyasu Arakawa

in Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270145
eISBN:
9780520951990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270145.003.0012
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

The distribution of lithic raw materials is analyzed to evaluate community organization and the development of community territories, and to study how the formation of such territories affected ... More


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