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Social Networks and Community in the Viking Age

Anna Wallette

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

During the Viking Age, the use of private violence was a precondition for social power. Iceland, for instance, was a law-making community but had no executive power to put the laws into effect. ... More


Weaving in the Viking Age: Iceland and the North Atlantic Expansion

Michèle Hayeur Smith

in The Valkyries' Loom: The Archaeology of Cloth Production and Female Power in the North Atlantic

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780813066622
eISBN:
9780813058771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813066622.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter examines the archaeological evidence of Viking Age textile production, using examples from both Iceland and Scotland and comparing the two regions. Many settlers came to Iceland via the ... More


Anglo-Saxon/Irish Relations before the Vikings

James Graham-Campbell and Michael Ryan (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264508
eISBN:
9780191734120
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264508.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Although there has been much recent interest in the interaction of England and Ireland in the Viking Age, the links between the Anglo-Saxons and the Irish in the period before 800 have been much less ... More


The Coming of the Vikings

Alex Woolf

in From Pictland to Alba, 789-1070

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748612338
eISBN:
9780748672165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748612338.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter discusses the history of the coming of the Vikings. It covers kings and kingdoms in 793; Scandinavian attacks on Northumbria; conditions in Scandinavia in the late eighth century; Norway ... More


Viking Law and Order: Places and Rituals of Assembly in the Medieval North

Alexandra Sanmark

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474402293
eISBN:
9781474435260
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474402293.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Until very recently Viking Age and Old Norse assembly (thing) sites were essentially unknown, apart from a few select sites, such as Thingvellir in Iceland. The Vikings are well-known for their ... More


Viking Friendship: The Social Bond in Iceland and Norway, c. 900D1300

Jón Vidar Sigurdsson

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501705779
eISBN:
9781501708480
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501705779.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Friendship was the most important social bond in Iceland and Norway during the Viking Age and the early Middle Ages. Far more significantly than kinship ties, it defined relations between chieftains, ... More


Dragons in the Air: a Doubtful Generation (761–89)

James E. Fraser

in From Caledonia to Pictland Scotland to 795

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748612314
eISBN:
9780748672158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748612314.003.0015
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The achievement represented by the tenacious reigns of Onuist and Eadberct is conveniently demonstrated by the convulsions experienced by their realms in the run-up to the Viking Age. Successful ... More


Traditions in Time

Carl Phelpstead

in An Introduction to the Sagas of Icelanders

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780813066516
eISBN:
9780813058719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813066516.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

Chapter 2 explores relevant historical contexts: the period in Icelandic history in which the sagas are set (encompassing the Viking Age, the discovery and settlement of Iceland, and that country’s ... More


Textiles, Weaving, and Currency in Iceland during the Middle Ages

Michèle Hayeur Smith

in The Valkyries' Loom: The Archaeology of Cloth Production and Female Power in the North Atlantic

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780813066622
eISBN:
9780813058771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813066622.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

The foci of this chapter will be (1) the emergence of cloth as a form of currency (vaðmál) at the end of the Viking Age in Iceland, (2) an examination of evidence for the existence of similar cloth ... More


“Cold Are the Counsels of Women”: Bloodied Warps and Gilded Wefts The Engendered Economy of Cloth in the North Atlantic

Michèle Hayeur Smith

in The Valkyries' Loom: The Archaeology of Cloth Production and Female Power in the North Atlantic

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780813066622
eISBN:
9780813058771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813066622.003.0002
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

The poem Darraðarljoð, from Njál's Saga, describes the Valkyries – Óðin's female warrior spirits – weaving the fates of men and nations on a warp-weighted loom with severed heads as its weights. They ... More


Introduction

Jón Viðar Sigurðsson

in Viking Friendship: The Social Bond in Iceland and Norway, c. 900D1300

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501705779
eISBN:
9781501708480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501705779.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This introductory chapter provides an overview of friendship. Friendship exists in a state of constant flux, being shaped by and shaping other personal relationships. Thus, it cannot be studied in ... More


Early Germanic and Norse Assembly Organisations

Alexandra Sanmark

in Viking Law and Order: Places and Rituals of Assembly in the Medieval North

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474402293
eISBN:
9781474435260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474402293.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Chapter 2 examines the function of assemblies in Vikingage society and provides a detailed analysis of the assembly institution in Scandinavia and how this fitted into earlier Germanic assembly ... More


Introduction: On the Study of Cnut

Timothy Bolton

in Cnut the Great

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300208337
eISBN:
9780300226256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300208337.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This introductory chapter discusses the significance of analyzing the life story of Cnut, one of the most fascinating of the pre-Conquest kings of England. His life offers several new ways of ... More


Introduction

Erin Michelle Goeres

in The Poetics of Commemoration: Skaldic Verse and Social Memory, c. 890–1070

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198745747
eISBN:
9780191808173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745747.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Anglo-Saxon / Old English Literature, Poetry

This chapter introduces the book and provides background on modern and medieval theories of social memory. It discusses the work of scholars such as Maurice Halbwachs, Paul Connerton, and Pierre Nora ... More


Conclusion

Erin Michelle Goeres

in The Poetics of Commemoration: Skaldic Verse and Social Memory, c. 890–1070

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198745747
eISBN:
9780191808173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745747.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Anglo-Saxon / Old English Literature, Poetry

This chapter reiterates the main arguments that have been raised in the book. It notes that a wide range of commemorative texts may be found within the corpus of Viking-Age skaldic verse. Although ... More


Epilogue Violence as a Cultural System

Oren Falk

in Violence and Risk in Medieval Iceland: This Spattered Isle

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198866046
eISBN:
9780191898280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198866046.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

The Epilogue draws together theoretical discussion and case studies, restating and sharpening the general claims made about the cultural construction of violence, and outlining directions for ... More


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