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Versailles and Social Justice, 1919

Ian Clark

in International Legitimacy and World Society

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199297009
eISBN:
9780191711428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297009.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Perhaps the least discussed aspect of the 1919 settlement is its provisions on social justice, and yet an entire section of the Versailles Treaty and an article of the League Covenant were devoted to ... More


European Security, 1919–39

Derek Drinkwater

in Sir Harold Nicolson and International Relations: The Practitioner as Theorist

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199273850
eISBN:
9780191602344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273855.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Sir Harold Nicolson’s approach to the questions of inter-war European security represented an evolution from an idealist outlook at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919 to a more measured degree of ... More


From Versailles to the Ruhr Crisis

Conan Fischer

in The Ruhr Crisis 1923-1924

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208006
eISBN:
9780191716607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208006.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter summarises and evaluates the pattern of Franco–German relations from the Armistice talks of late 1918 to the reparations crisis of autumn 1922. It explains how and why inter-Allied ... More


Versailles and Racial Equality, 1919

Ian Clark

in International Legitimacy and World Society

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199297009
eISBN:
9780191711428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297009.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This is the exceptional case in that the proposal to include a racial equality clause in the League Covenant was rejected. On the other hand, this is another case where the norm was supported by a ... More


The Hall of Mirrors: Peacemaking in the West

Lord Bullock and William Deakin

in The Lights that Failed: European International History 1919-1933

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198221142
eISBN:
9780191678417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198221142.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Paris peace conference was formally opened on 18 January 1919. The place and date, which marked the anniversary of the founding of the German empire in the Hall of Mirrors at the French royal ... More


Enacting a Multilateral Framework for Finance: Treasury and Congressional Compromise

Kathryn C. Lavelle

in Legislating International Organization: The US Congress, the IMF, and the World Bank

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199765348
eISBN:
9780199918959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765348.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter compares the ratification struggle over the Treaty of Versailles with the passage of the Bretton Woods Agreement Act to demonstrate the legislature’s concern with how multilateralism ... More


Trusteeship as an Institution of International Society

William Bain

in Between Anarchy and Society: Trusteeship and the Obligations of Power

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199260263
eISBN:
9780191600975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260265.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Starts by pointing out that if the Berlin and Brussels Acts and the experience of the Congo Free State (as discussed in the last chapter) are understood as representing the internationalization of ... More


Diplomat

Derek Drinkwater

in Sir Harold Nicolson and International Relations: The Practitioner as Theorist

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199273850
eISBN:
9780191602344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273855.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Sir Harold Nicolson’s international thought, more specifically, his thinking on international order, diplomacy, a united Europe, world government, and global peace, was shaped by his upbringing in a ... More


Adolf Hitler: The Political Emotionasaurus Rex

KEITH KEITH

in The Arts of Leadership

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199244898
eISBN:
9780191697401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244898.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, HRM / IR

This chapter's focus is on Adolf Hitler, as well as his Aryan race, who did more than anyone else to bring the twentieth century to its knees through mass destruction and genocide. It notes that the ... More


The Disarmament of Germany after the First World War

Philip Towle

in Enforced Disarmament: From the Napoleonic Campaigns to the Gulf War

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206361
eISBN:
9780191677090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206361.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Military History

After the First World War, the democratic nations tried for the first time in the modern period to impose far-reaching disarmament measures on their enemies. These were not the limited defensive ... More


The First World War and its Aftermath, 1914–1933

Vejas Gabriel Liulevicius

in The German Myth of the East: 1800 to the Present

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199546312
eISBN:
9780191720338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546312.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

This chapter presents a watershed in German views of Eastern Europe in the fateful context of total war and its aftermath. World War I opened with a traumatic invasion of German East Prussia by ... More


Mr. Rhee Goes to Washington: Korea in the Debate over the Versailles Treaty and the Washington Naval Conference

David P. Fields

in Foreign Friends: Syngman Rhee, American Exceptionalism, and the Division of Korea

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813177199
eISBN:
9780813177250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177199.003.0004
Subject:
History, Political History

Chapter 3 examines how Rhee and the Korean independence movement utilized this constituency to place pressure on American policymakers during the fight over the ratification of the Versailles Treaty ... More


Introduction

Erik Goldstein

in Winning the Peace: British Diplomatic Strategy, Peace Planning, and the Paris Peace Conference 1916-1920

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198215844
eISBN:
9780191678226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198215844.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This introductory chapter discusses the importance of studying the planning phase in order to understand better British actions at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. It suggests that though a third ... More


The Birth of the New Justice at the Paris Peace Conference

Mark A. Lewis

in The Birth of the New Justice: The Internationalization of Crime and Punishment, 1919-1950

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199660285
eISBN:
9780191757716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660285.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

After World War One, jurists on the Commission on Responsibilities at the Paris Peace Conference were divided about the types of criminal penalties the Allies should impose on political and military ... More


The Legacy of the First World War

Charles H. Feinstein, Peter Temin, and Gianni Toniolo

in The World Economy between the World Wars

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195307559
eISBN:
9780199867929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307559.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The First World War marked the watershed between the 19th and 20th centuries. The former was characterized by a relatively well-functioning international payment system based on the gold standard. ... More


Independent States and Unfulfilled Expectations

Simon Rabinovitch

in Jewish Rights, National Rites: Nationalism and Autonomy in Late Imperial and Revolutionary Russia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780804792493
eISBN:
9780804793032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804792493.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

As discussed in the book’s final chapter, Jewish claims to national minority rights made their way to the Versailles Conference’s deliberations and eventual treaties, and the question of collective ... More


The Wounds of War (1919–24): Challenges to Orthodoxy on the War Guilt Question

Norman Ingram

in The War Guilt Problem and the Ligue des droits de l'homme, 1914-1944

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198827993
eISBN:
9780191866685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827993.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

The beginning of the interwar period brought an intensification of the war guilt debate within the Ligue des droits de l’homme. There was vigorous discussion of the question of the Russian general ... More


Making the World Safe for Workers?: The AFL, Wilson, and the Creation of the ILO at Versailles

Elizabeth McKillen

in Making the World Safe for Workers: Labor, the Left, and Wilsonian Internationalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037870
eISBN:
9780252095139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037870.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the role of the American Federation of Labor (AFL) and Woodrow Wilson in the creation of the International Labor Organization (ILO) as an affiliate to the League of Nations at ... More


Contested Democracies

Peter M. R. Stirk

in Twentieth-Century German Political Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748622900
eISBN:
9780748652730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748622900.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The end of the First World War brought with it the collapse of the two German regimes and the disintegration of the Habsburg Empire. Both the Weimar Republic and the Austrian Republic were of ... More


The Dictators

Owen Chadwick

in Hensley Henson: A Study in the Friction between Church and State

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198264453
eISBN:
9780191682711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198264453.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter examines Hensley Henson's political views. It explains that Henson was not pleased with the peace that followed victory in World War 1 because he believed that the Treaty of Versailles ... More


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