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Conclusion

Raymond Cocks

in The Oxford History of the Laws of England: Volume XIII: 1820–1914 Fields of Development

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239757
eISBN:
9780191705151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239757.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter begins with a discussion of the expansion of social legislation in Britain, focusing on the works of Albert Venn Dicey, which have framed the debate about reforming statutes in the sense ... More


‘Our Clapham system’

Anne Stott

in Wilberforce: Family and Friends

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199699391
eISBN:
9780191739132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699391.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Making extensive use of the correspondence of Marianne Sykes and the diary of William Wilberforce, this chapter details the origins of the Clapham Sect between 1790 and 1793. It shows how Wilberforce ... More


The Reliability of Witnesses and Testimony to the Miraculous

Timothy McGrew and Lydia McGrew

in Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604760
eISBN:
9780191741548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The formal representation of the strength of witness testimony has been historically tied to a formula — proposed by Condorcet — that uses a factor representing the reliability of an individual ... More


Singular and Existential Propositions

A. N. Prior

in Formal Logic

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241560
eISBN:
9780191680373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241560.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

In the last chapter of the Prior Analytics, Aristotle gave examples of inferences, including a syllogism, using singular propositions. However, the Schoolmen were much more at home with them and used ... More


Geoffrey Marshall 1929–2003

Vernon Bogdanor and Robert S. Summers

in Proceedings of the British Academy Volume 130, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows, IV

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263501
eISBN:
9780191734212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263501.003.0006
Subject:
History, Historiography

Geoffrey Marshall (1929–2003), a Fellow of the British Academy, was regarded by many as the greatest constitutional theorist Britain has seen since Albert Venn Dicey. He brought to the study of ... More


Re-inventing the Union: Dicey, Devolution, and the Union

James Mitchell

in Anglo-Scottish Relations, from 1900 to Devolution and Beyond

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263310
eISBN:
9780191734144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263310.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter addresses the fictions and reshaping of the United Kingdom constitution over the twentieth century. It also examines the territorial nature of the UK, making use of the most significant ... More


Understanding Indeterminacy

Terence Parsons

in Indeterminate Identity: Metaphysics and Semantics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250449
eISBN:
9780191681301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250449.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

The terminology used in explaining indeterminate identity is meant to be ordinary; ‘identical’ is not intended in a special sense. ‘Indeterminate’ may be definable within certain world views, but is ... More


Logic and Intuition

Michael Heim

in The Metaphysics of Virtual Reality

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195092585
eISBN:
9780199852987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195092585.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Infomania does not merely place additional tools at the tip of a man's fingertips; it builds a new environment and alters his psychic framework. The chapter argues that thinking in front of a ... More


The Logic of Indicative Conditionals

Jonathan Bennett

in A Philosophical Guide to Conditionals

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199258871
eISBN:
9780191597046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258872.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Expounds, mainly on the basis of Adams's work, the logic of indicative conditionals—with some help from his adaptation of Venn diagrams. Failure for indicatives of or‐to‐if, contraposition, ... More


Into the Past: A Brief Foreword

Nicholas Freeman

in 1895: Drama, Disaster and Disgrace in Late Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748640560
eISBN:
9780748651399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640560.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter sets out the purpose of the book, which is to serve as a subjective composite of a year that took millions of subtly distinct forms even as clocks and calendars divided it into the ... More


Back to the Age of Reason

Keith Stenning

in Seeing Reason: Image and Language in Learning to Think

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198507741
eISBN:
9780191687211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507741.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The generality of the results of the Hyperproof study in the previous chapter is tested in this chapter. This chapter reports the results of tests on findings after a study conducted on a microcosm ... More


Family Background: Clapham and After

Jane de Gay

in Virginia Woolf and Christian Culture

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781474415637
eISBN:
9781474449687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474415637.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

This chapter demonstrates that, although Woolf’s own parents, Leslie and Julia Stephen, were famously agnostic, her wider family was rooted in the Evangelicalism of the Clapham Sect. The chapter ... More


The Difference between True and False Religion

Henry Venn

in Early Evangelicalism: A Reader

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199916955
eISBN:
9780190258368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199916955.003.0035
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter presents excerpts from Henry Venn's The Complete Duty of Man: Or a System of Doctrinal and Practical Christianity (1763). Venn was the son of Richard Venn, who served as rector of St. ... More


Two Non-senses of “Probability”

Wayne C. Myrvold

in Beyond Chance and Credence: A Theory of Hybrid Probabilities

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198865094
eISBN:
9780191897481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198865094.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter engages in some ground-clearing. Two concepts have been proposed to play the role of objective probability. One is associated with the idea that probability involves mere counting of ... More


Joint, Marginal, and Conditional Probability

Therese M. Donovan and Ruth M. Mickey

in Bayesian Statistics for Beginners: a step-by-step approach

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198841296
eISBN:
9780191876820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841296.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter introduces additional terms and concepts used in the study of probability, including Venn diagrams, independent events, and dependent events. The chapter focuses on two characteristics ... More


Practical Works

Isabel Rivers

in Vanity Fair and the Celestial City: Dissenting, Methodist, and Evangelical Literary Culture in England 1720-1800

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198269960
eISBN:
9780191851209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198269960.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature, History of Christianity

Practical works were designed to enable readers to practise the Christian life. This chapter begins with comparative accounts of collections of sermons and prayers and their intended audiences. Some ... More


Inward Religion and its Dangers in the Evangelical Revival

Isabel Rivers

in Heart Religion: Evangelical Piety in England & Ireland, 1690–1850

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198724155
eISBN:
9780191791963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198724155.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The chapter explores the different ways in which key leaders among the eighteenth-century evangelicals defined inward religion, the difficulties and problems they identified, the temptations they ... More


Overview of Methods for Multidimensional Poverty Assessment

Sabina Alkire, James Foster, Suman Seth, Maria Emma Santos, José Manuel Roche, and Paola Ballón

in Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199689491
eISBN:
9780191793745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689491.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter presents a constructive survey of the major existing methods for measuring multidimensional poverty. Many measures were motivated by the basic needs approach, the capability approach, ... More


The Making of the Evangelical Conscience

D. Bruce Hindmarsh

in The Spirit of Early Evangelicalism: True Religion in a Modern World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190616694
eISBN:
9780190616724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190616694.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

When it came to human nature, evangelicals did not share the optimism of those who felt moral philosophy could follow the precedents of natural philosophy. The distinctive evangelical doctrine of the ... More


Law and Conversion in Evangelical Devotion

D. Bruce Hindmarsh

in The Spirit of Early Evangelicalism: True Religion in a Modern World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190616694
eISBN:
9780190616724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190616694.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Evangelical spirituality had implications for both felons and philosophers. Convictions about the psychological depth and comprehensiveness of God’s law led evangelicals to minister to those who were ... More


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