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The Battle for the Drachma

MARK MAZOWER

in Greece and the Inter-War Economic Crisis

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202059
eISBN:
9780191675126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202059.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

The shock waves from the European financial debacle of 1931 reverberated through the Balkans. The collapse of existing international monetary institutions on the heels of the British sterling ... More


Bourgeois Dilemmas

MARK MAZOWER

in Greece and the Inter-War Economic Crisis

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202059
eISBN:
9780191675126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202059.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

This chapter examines why, despite the upswing after 1932, parliamentary democracy failed to ride out the transition to a new form of economic development; and what this failure tells us about the ... More


Eleftherios Venizelos: The Trials of Statesmanship

Paschalis Kitromilides (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748624782
eISBN:
9780748671267
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624782.001.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

Eleftherios Venizelos, Prime Minister of Greece, 1910–1920 and 1928–1932, could be considered from many points of view as the creator of contemporary Greece and one of the main actors in European ... More


Introduction: Perspectives on a Leader

Paschalis M. Kitromilides

in Eleftherios Venizelos: The Trials of Statesmanship

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748624782
eISBN:
9780748671267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624782.003.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter discusses the career and leadership of Eleftherios Venizelos (1864–1936). Venizelos may be considered as the most important statesman in Greek political history and the creator of ... More


Venizelos' Early Life and Political Career in Crete, 1864–1910

A. Lilly Macrakis

in Eleftherios Venizelos: The Trials of Statesmanship

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748624782
eISBN:
9780748671267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624782.003.0003
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter discusses Venizelos' early life and political career in Crete. It covers his childhood and youth; law career; his articles as a journalist at the newspaper Lefka Ori; his entry into ... More


Venizelos' Advent in Greek Politics, 1909–12

Helen Gardikas-katsiadakis

in Eleftherios Venizelos: The Trials of Statesmanship

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748624782
eISBN:
9780748671267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624782.003.0004
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter discusses Venizelos' entry into Greek politics. Venizelos was an ambitious man. His success in solving the deadlock in Greece and the leadership gap he discovered there encouraged him to ... More


Protagonist in Politics, 1912–20

Thanos Veremis and Helen Kardikas-katsiadakis

in Eleftherios Venizelos: The Trials of Statesmanship

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748624782
eISBN:
9780748671267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624782.003.0005
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter considers Venizelos' political views. Venizelos was less devoted than Trikoupis to the principle of the superiority of parliamentary politics over all other forms of democratic ... More


Venizelos' Diplomacy, 1910–23: From Balkan Alliance to Greek-Turkish Settlement

Michael Llewellyn Smith

in Eleftherios Venizelos: The Trials of Statesmanship

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748624782
eISBN:
9780748671267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624782.003.0006
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter describes Venizelos' diplomacy and foreign policy, and assess his achievement in the crucial phase of his career which stretched from his assumption of office in Greece in 1910 to the ... More


Reconstructing Greece as a European State: Venizelos' Last Premiership, 1928–32

Ioannis D. Stefanidis

in Eleftherios Venizelos: The Trials of Statesmanship

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748624782
eISBN:
9780748671267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624782.003.0007
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter focuses on the events following Venizelos' political comeback in 1928. The return of Venizelos to Greek politics and high office in 1928, despite its controversial domestic impact, ... More


The Last Years, 1933–6

Ioannis S. Koliopoulos

in Eleftherios Venizelos: The Trials of Statesmanship

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748624782
eISBN:
9780748671267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624782.003.0008
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter discusses Venizelos' departure from the Greek political scene, which came about in the same way that he entered it: in the wake of a military coup. Unlike the other great statesman of ... More


The Experiment of Inclusive Constitutionalism, 1909–32

Ioannis Tassopoulos

in Eleftherios Venizelos: The Trials of Statesmanship

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748624782
eISBN:
9780748671267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624782.003.0009
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter discusses Venizelos' constitutional ideals. Popular sovereignty, the rule of law, and effective government were the three pillars of Venizelos' constitutional edifice. Depending on the ... More


Venizelos and Civil-Military Relations

Thanos Veremis

in Eleftherios Venizelos: The Trials of Statesmanship

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748624782
eISBN:
9780748671267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624782.003.0010
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter examines Greek civil–military relations. Military interventions between 1909 and 1935 can be divided into two basic categories: those that acquired wider national significance and were ... More


Venizelos and Economic Policy

Christine Agriantoni

in Eleftherios Venizelos: The Trials of Statesmanship

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748624782
eISBN:
9780748671267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624782.003.0011
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter discusses Venizelos' economic policies. Venizelos' first four-year term (1910–14) in power is distinguished by the dynamism and the strong will of a leader, whose personality was still ... More


Modernisation and Reaction in Greek Education during the Venizelos Era

Alexis Dimaras

in Eleftherios Venizelos: The Trials of Statesmanship

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748624782
eISBN:
9780748671267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624782.003.0012
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter focuses on the evolution of primary and secondary education during the Venizelos era. For the greater part of the period under review, vocational education was essentially non-existent ... More


Venizelos and Church-State Relations

Andreas Nanakis

in Eleftherios Venizelos: The Trials of Statesmanship

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748624782
eISBN:
9780748671267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624782.003.0013
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter discusses Venizelos' relations with the church. His view of the church was shaped by his personal experience of the stance and activities of the Orthodox Church in Crete. The Church of ... More


Venizelos' Intellectual Projects and Cultural Interests

Paschalis M. Kitromilides

in Eleftherios Venizelos: The Trials of Statesmanship

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748624782
eISBN:
9780748671267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624782.003.0014
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter focuses on Venizelos' intellectual and cultural interests. His intellectual interests are reflected in the extensive holdings of his library on contemporary — that is, early ... More


Venizelos: The Making of a Greek Statesman 1864-1914

Michael Llewellyn-Smith

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197586495
eISBN:
9780197610824
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197586495.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book is about the life and times of Eleftherios Venizelos, one of the greatest political leaders of Greece in the twentieth century. It covers first his upbringing, education, and political ... More


Epilogue

Michael Llewellyn-Smith

in Venizelos: The Making of a Greek Statesman 1864-1914

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197586495
eISBN:
9780197610824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197586495.003.0045
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The great war posed existential problems for Greece and other smaller powers: stay neutral or join one of the belligerent blocs. Venizelos by now was well equipped to decide, but in aligning Greece ... More


1920–1922

Daniel-Joseph MacArthur-Seal

in Britain's Levantine Empire, 1914-1923

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780192895769
eISBN:
9780191916328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192895769.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The sub-chapter summarises military and political developments in the eastern Mediterranean in 1920–1922, beginning with the decision to formally occupy Istanbul, which expanded Allied ... More


‘The Crazy-Quilt of Peoples and Nationalities’: Nation States and National Minorities

Matthew Frank

in Making Minorities History: Population Transfer in Twentieth-Century Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199639441
eISBN:
9780191779060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639441.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

This chapter examines how the notion of population transfer emerged at the turn of the twentieth century in response to the retreat and then collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the rise of competing ... More


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