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The Content of Narrative

Gregory Currie

in Narratives and Narrators: A Philosophy of Stories

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199282609
eISBN:
9780191712432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282609.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

To distinguish narratives from other representational vehicles we need to say something about what distinguishes the contents of narratives from the contents of other things: theories, lists, annals, ... More


Self-Knowledge, ‘Transparency’, and the Forms of Activity

Richard Moran

in Introspection and Consciousness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744794
eISBN:
9780199933396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744794.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In philosophy, the ideas of self-consciousness and rational agency are often discussed together. Some contemporary accounts appeal to the so-called ‘transparency’ of belief (and other attitudes) to ... More


Alief and Belief

Tamar Szabó Gendler

in Intuition, Imagination, and Philosophical Methodology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589760
eISBN:
9780191595486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589760.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter introduces and argues for the importance of a cognitive state that the author calls alief. Roughly speaking, an alief is a mental state with associatively linked content that is ... More


DOES PSYCHOLOGY MATTER?

Ben Bradley

in Well-Being and Death

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557967
eISBN:
9780191721205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557967.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Jeff McMahan has argued extensively for a “time‐relative interest account” of value (TRIA) according to which the value of an event for someone depends on psychological relations between the ... More


Action as Settling: Some Objections

Helen Steward

in A Metaphysics for Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199552054
eISBN:
9780191738838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552054.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores some possible objections to the idea that actions are agents’ settlings of hitherto unsettled questions—and considers the case for a deflationary compatibilist understanding of ... More


Explanations in Terms of the Agent's Reasoning

G. F. Schueler

in Reasons and Purposes: Human Rationality and the Teleological Explanation of Action

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250370
eISBN:
9780191598364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250375.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Practical reasoning has been misrepresented by the so‐called practical syllogism as not essentially involving evaluations. Correcting this error helps show why it is implausible to hold, as e.g. J. ... More


An Uncompromising Connection Between Practical Reason and Morality

Michael Nelson

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Velleman defends a position intermediate between moral rationalism and arationalism. Like the moral rationalist, he maintains that only irrational agents act immorally. Like the arationalist, he ... More


The Best Expression of Welfarism 1

Christian Coons

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Welfarism is a general view about value and the foundations of morality: it is the view that only well-being is intrinsically valuable, and nothing but well-being matters, basically or ultimately, ... More


Family, Ancestry, and Self: What Is the Moral Significance of Biological Ties?

Sally Haslanger

in Resisting Reality: Social Construction and Social Critique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199892631
eISBN:
9780199980055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892631.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter argues against an argument one might take from David Velleman's chapter, “Family History,” that acquaintance with one's biological progenitors is important for human well-being—unless ... More


Human Agency Par Excellence

Alfred R. Mele

in Motivation and Agency

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195156171
eISBN:
9780199833467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515617X.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Rebuts an objection David Velleman has raised against what he calls “the standard story of human action.” It is argued that the objection is misguided. The chapter reinforces the significance of ... More


Kant’s Ambivalent Cosmopolitanism 1

Karl Ameriks

in Kant's Elliptical Path

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199693689
eISBN:
9780191745584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693689.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins the section of the book that focuses primarily on the practical rather than theoretical branch of Critical philosophy. It stresses, however, that there are analogies between ... More


Forgiveness and love

Glen Pettigrove

in Forgiveness and Love

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646555
eISBN:
9780191741975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646555.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

What is the relationship between forgiveness and love? Both in everyday conversation and in the theoretical literature on forgiveness, it is commonly suggested that the two are closely related. ... More


Alien desires and Frankfurt's problem of identification

Erasmus Mayr

in Understanding Human Agency

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199606214
eISBN:
9780191731631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606214.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The third chapter discusses a crucial problem for the standard model's account of the right bearers of agential control; on the standard model, these bearers are normally identified with desires or ... More


Artistic Creation, Freedom, and Self

Keith Lehrer

in Art, Self and Knowledge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195304985
eISBN:
9780199918164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304985.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, General

This chapter is about the freedom of artistic creation, the story of the life of the artist, and the self. The selection, by the artist, of some exemplars of his or her experience, like the choice of ... More


Hedonism and the Shape of a Life

Fred Feldman

in Pleasure and the Good Life: Concerning the Nature Varieties and Plausibility of Hedonism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199265169
eISBN:
9780191601385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926516X.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Many philosophers have claimed that the value of a life for the person who lives it is not simply a matter of total amounts of good and evil in that life; the pattern in which those goods are ... More


Forgiveness and the Rat Man: Kierkegaard, ‘Narrative Unity’ and ‘Wholeheartedness’ Revisited

John Lippitt

in Narrative, Identity and the Kierkegaardian Self

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780748694433
eISBN:
9781474412452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748694433.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

As Kierkegaardian narrativists such as John J. Davenport have revised and expanded upon their positions, the gap between them and narratosceptics has narrowed significantly. Despite this narrowing, ... More


The Virtues of Ambivalence: Wholeheartedness as Existential Telos and the Unwillable Completion of Narravives

John J. Davenport

in Narrative, Identity and the Kierkegaardian Self

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780748694433
eISBN:
9781474412452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748694433.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents John J. Davenport’s response to the contributions of Lippitt, Wietzke and Helms. Davenport contends that the actual target of Lippitt’s Velleman-inspired critique is not the ... More


Love and Care

Nomy Arpaly and Timothy Schroeder

in In Praise of Desire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199348169
eISBN:
9780199348183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199348169.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Theorists such as Velleman and Darwall have challenged the idea of building a theory of love or care on the basis of intrinsic desires for the welfare of the beloved. The prospects for such theories ... More


Action without Agency and Natural Human Action: Resolving a Double Paradox

Brian Bruya

in The Philosophical Challenge from China

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028431
eISBN:
9780262323628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028431.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In the philosophy of action, it is generally understood that action presupposes an agent performing or guiding the action. Action is also generally understood as distinct from the kind of motion that ... More


‘The Mind Uses Its Own Freedom’: Suppositional Reasoning and Self-Critical Reflection

Soteriou Matthew

in The Mind's Construction: The Ontology of Mind and Mental Action

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199678457
eISBN:
9780191757952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678457.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that mental action has a significant role to play in an account of the autonomous agency and self-governance that self-conscious agents can exercise in having the capacity to ... More


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