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The Quest for the Origins of Vedic Culture: The Indo-Aryan Migration Debate

Edwin Bryant

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137774
eISBN:
9780199834044
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137779.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

As a result of the discovery of similarities between Sanskrit and the classical languages of Europe, scholars hypothesized the existence of an early “proto-Indo-European” people who spoke the ... More


Interpreting the Other: The Hermeneutics of Comparative Political Thought

Farah Godrej

in Cosmopolitan Political Thought: Method, Practice, Discipline

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199782062
eISBN:
9780199919123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782062.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Politics

Given the unique challenges posed by the interpretation of ideas from other civilizations, the existence of Western interpretive techniques is often insufficient in allowing us to understand well ... More


The Avestan language and its problems

Jost Gippert

in Indo-Iranian Languages and Peoples

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197262856
eISBN:
9780191753961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262856.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter analyses the problems associated with the Avestan language. A consensus has been reached both in the analysis of individual Avestan word-forms and in the interpretation of the texts ... More


Religion of the Gods: Ritual, Paradox, and Reflexivity

Kimberley Christine Patton

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195091069
eISBN:
9780199871568
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195091069.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

In many of the world's religions, both polytheistic and monotheistic, a seemingly enigmatic and paradoxical image is found—that of the god who worships. Various interpretations of this seeming ... More


 Postmodernism, Hindu Nationalism, and “Vedic Science”

Meera Nanda

in Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195172256
eISBN:
9780199835546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172256.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Indian intellectuals influenced by postmoderism such as Ashis Nandy and Vandana Shiva, put local folk beliefs on a par with science. Hindu nationalists, especially members of the Vishwa Hindu ... More


The Date of the Veda

Edwin Bryant

in The Quest for the Origins of Vedic Culture: The Indo-Aryan Migration Debate

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137774
eISBN:
9780199834044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137779.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

The various attempts made to date Sanskrit texts (the Veda) are examined in the context that if the Ŗgveda (the earliest of the texts) is at least a millennium older than its commonly accepted date, ... More


Vedic Philology

Edwin Bryant

in The Quest for the Origins of Vedic Culture: The Indo-Aryan Migration Debate

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137774
eISBN:
9780199834044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137779.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter starts the analysis of the actual data concerning Indo-Aryan origins. By the mid-nineteenth century, one of the few things regarding the homeland that Western Indo-European scholars did ... More


Linguistic Substrata in Sanskrit Texts

Edwin Bryant

in The Quest for the Origins of Vedic Culture: The Indo-Aryan Migration Debate

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137774
eISBN:
9780199834044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137779.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

An analysis is made of the evidence for a non-Indo-Aryan linguistic substratum in Sanskrit texts, which has remained perhaps the principal and (in the author’s view) the most persuasive reason ... More


Changing Perspectives in the Sanskrit Grammatical Tradition and the Changing Political Configurations in Ancient India

Madhav M. Deshpande

in Between the Empires: Society in India 300 BCE to 400 CE

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195305326
eISBN:
9780199850884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305326.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter discusses the role played by the kings of the Kuru Dynasty in facilitating, if not sponsoring, the process of preparation of the Saṁhitās of the Vedic texts. This process may have ... More


Preliminaries

Romila Thapar

in From Lineage to State: Social Formations of the Mid-First Millenium BC in the Ganga Valley

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195626759
eISBN:
9780199080656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195626759.003.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter discusses the various available theories on the nature and formation of the early states in India such as Oriental Despotism and the Asiatic Mode of Production. It also looks at the ... More


Lineage Society

Romila Thapar

in From Lineage to State: Social Formations of the Mid-First Millenium BC in the Ganga Valley

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195626759
eISBN:
9780199080656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195626759.003.0002
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter talks about the lineage societies of the Rg Vedic and Later Vedic period, which can be located in the western Ganga valley and the Indo-Gangetic watershed. The discussion begins with the ... More


Introduction

Laurie L. Patton

in Bringing the Gods to Mind: Mantra and Ritual in Early Indian Sacrifice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520240872
eISBN:
9780520930889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240872.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter introduces the book which is focused on the study of the use of Rig Vedic mantras in particular ritual schools. The use of Vedic mantras in particular ritual situations and the method ... More


Poetry, Ritual, and Associational Thought in Early India: The Sources

Laurie L. Patton

in Bringing the Gods to Mind: Mantra and Ritual in Early Indian Sacrifice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520240872
eISBN:
9780520930889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240872.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter provides an overview of the general genres of early Vedic India, including Śrauta, or formal ritual texts; Grhya, or domestic ritual texts; and Vidhana, or “magical” ritual texts. The ... More


Hari in Cowherd's Garb

Ramchandra Chintaman Dhere

in Rise of a Folk God: Vitthal of Pandharpur

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199777594
eISBN:
9780199919048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777594.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter discusses the saint-poets' belief that Viṭṭhal is the god Kṛṣṇa, who came to Pandharpur to meet the devotee Puṇḍalīk. According to a well-known story, Puṇḍalīk was busy attending to his ... More


The Vedicization of Viṭṭhal

Ramchandra Chintaman Dhere

in Rise of a Folk God: Vitthal of Pandharpur

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199777594
eISBN:
9780199919048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777594.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter, which has been abridged from the Marathi original, presents a variety of attempts that Brāhmaṇ pandits and Vedic scholars have made to induct Viṭṭhal and his cult into more ... More


Introduction

Jarrod L. Whitaker

in Strong Arms and Drinking Strength: Masculinity, Violence, and the Body in Ancient India

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755707
eISBN:
9780199895274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755707.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

The Introduction argues that masculine ideologies and roles are central to the men who participate in sóma rituals in ancient India and these ideals are encoded in the three manly gods, Agni, Indra, ... More


A Vedic History of Dharma

Alf Hiltebeitel

in Dharma: Its Early History in Law, Religion, and Narrative

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195394238
eISBN:
9780199897452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394238.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Chapter 3 takes up the implications of dharma having never been a central concept in the pre‐Aśokan Vedic canon. It examines most of the Vedic canon's few prominent usages from the Ṛgveda through the ... More


Bringing the Gods to Mind: Mantra and Ritual in Early Indian Sacrifice

Laurie Patton

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520240872
eISBN:
9780520930889
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240872.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This book introduces a new perspective on Indic religious history by rethinking the role of mantra in Vedic ritual. The book takes a new look at mantra as “performed poetry” and in five case studies ... More


Viniyoga: The Recovery of a Hermeneutic Principle

Laurie L. Patton

in Bringing the Gods to Mind: Mantra and Ritual in Early Indian Sacrifice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520240872
eISBN:
9780520930889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240872.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter considers the metonymic thinking present in the viniyoga. Viniyoga is a kind of application of Vedic mantra through the creations of new sets of associations in new ritual situations and ... More


Fire, Light, and Ingesting over Time

Laurie L. Patton

in Bringing the Gods to Mind: Mantra and Ritual in Early Indian Sacrifice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520240872
eISBN:
9780520930889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240872.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter reviews the ways in which viniyogas have created different kinds of associative worlds about eating in the Vedic literature. The food imagery of the Rig Veda becomes used in the ... More


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