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Like Mother, Like Son: Hanuman, Goddesses, and Women

Philip Lutgendorf

in Hanuman's Tale: The Messages of a Divine Monkey

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195309225
eISBN:
9780199785391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309225.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Whereas Hanuman is sometimes alleged to be primarily a “men's deity”, this chapter takes a fresh look at his cult through the lens of gender relations and of discourses about sexuality and its ... More


 Sacred Knowledge and Indian Origins

Ariel Glucklich

in The Footsteps of Vishnu: A Historical Introduction to Hinduism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195314052
eISBN:
9780199871766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314052.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter discusses Hindu origins. The Indo‐Aryan controversy is examined: Did Hindu scriptures emerge as an indigenous product or did they arrive with migrating foreigners? The chapter discusses ... More


The Date of the Veda

Edwin Bryant

in The Quest for the Origins of Vedic Culture: The Indo-Aryan Migration Debate

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137774
eISBN:
9780199834044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137779.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

The various attempts made to date Sanskrit texts (the Veda) are examined in the context that if the Ŗgveda (the earliest of the texts) is at least a millennium older than its commonly accepted date, ... More


Brahmanical Reactions to Foreign Influences and to Social and Religious Change

Michael Witzel

in Between the Empires: Society in India 300 BCE to 400 CE

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195305326
eISBN:
9780199850884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305326.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

The period from approximately 200 bce to 300 ce is usually called a time of invasions, meaning those of the Greeks, Śakas, and Kushanas, or “between the empires.” However, the 500 years between the ... More


A Vedic History of Dharma

Alf Hiltebeitel

in Dharma: Its Early History in Law, Religion, and Narrative

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195394238
eISBN:
9780199897452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394238.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Chapter 3 takes up the implications of dharma having never been a central concept in the pre‐Aśokan Vedic canon. It examines most of the Vedic canon's few prominent usages from the Ṛgveda through the ... More


Mystical Cognition and Canonical Authority: The Devotional Mysticism of the Bhāgavata Purāṇa

Barbara A. Holdrege

in Mysticism and Sacred Scripture

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195097030
eISBN:
9780199848805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195097030.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

The Bhāgavata Purāna, one of the most important textual monuments to Hindu devotional (bhakti) mysticism, claims as its source and goal ecstatic union with Lord Krsna. This paradigmatic devotional ... More


Identity of Aryan Culture

R.S. Sharma

in India’s Ancient Past

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195687859
eISBN:
9780199080366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687859.003.0011
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

The principal traits of Aryan culture are started by Vedic, Iranian, and Greek literary texts and cognate terms found in the proto-Indo-European languages. The texts that help to reconstruct the ... More


The Age of the Rig Veda

R.S. Sharma

in India’s Ancient Past

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195687859
eISBN:
9780199080366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687859.003.0012
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

The Indo-Iranians came from two areas of Central Asia. The Aryans in India are known from the Rig Veda. This text is the earliest text of the Indo-European languages. The Indo-Aryans were engaged in ... More


Sequence of Social Changes

R.S. Sharma

in India’s Ancient Past

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195687859
eISBN:
9780199080366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687859.003.0032
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

Archaeology informs that people lived in small groups in the hilly areas in the Palaeolithic age. The Neolithic and Chalcolithic communities lived on the uplands in the proximity of hills and rivers. ... More


The Rigveda

Stephanie Jamison and Joel Brereton

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190633363
eISBN:
9780190633400
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190633363.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

The Ṛgveda is a monumental text in both world religion and world literature; yet it is comparatively little known outside a small band of specialists. The oldest Sanskrit text, composed in the latter ... More


Conclusions: Laughter and the Creeper Mantra

Laurie L. Patton

in Bringing the Gods to Mind: Mantra and Ritual in Early Indian Sacrifice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520240872
eISBN:
9780520930889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240872.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter concludes that the Vedic themes discussed in the book show a particular kind of transformation as one traces their viniyoga, or application in ritual commentary through metonymy. Each ... More


Introduction

Laurie L. Patton

in Bringing the Gods to Mind: Mantra and Ritual in Early Indian Sacrifice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520240872
eISBN:
9780520930889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240872.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter introduces the book which is focused on the study of the use of Rig Vedic mantras in particular ritual schools. The use of Vedic mantras in particular ritual situations and the method ... More


Poetry, Ritual, and Associational Thought In Early India: The Theories

Laurie L. Patton

in Bringing the Gods to Mind: Mantra and Ritual in Early Indian Sacrifice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520240872
eISBN:
9780520930889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240872.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter uses recent works on the theory of metonymy to show how metonymy might be viewed as a specific kind of intellectual practice that provides cognitive linkages between ritual image and the ... More


Fire, Light, and Ingesting over Time

Laurie L. Patton

in Bringing the Gods to Mind: Mantra and Ritual in Early Indian Sacrifice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520240872
eISBN:
9780520930889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240872.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter reviews the ways in which viniyogas have created different kinds of associative worlds about eating in the Vedic literature. The food imagery of the Rig Veda becomes used in the ... More


The Vedic “Other”: Spoilers of Success

Laurie L. Patton

in Bringing the Gods to Mind: Mantra and Ritual in Early Indian Sacrifice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520240872
eISBN:
9780520930889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240872.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter discusses the conception of the enemy and its history in particular usages of Rig Vedic mantras 1.32, 1.50, 1.83–84, 6.73, and 6.2.11. The Vedic enemy concept is rich in metonymic usages ... More


A History of the Quest for Mental Power

Laurie L. Patton

in Bringing the Gods to Mind: Mantra and Ritual in Early Indian Sacrifice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520240872
eISBN:
9780520930889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240872.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter examines the history of images used for the attainment of mental power and verbal ability by describing metonymical interpretations of the Rig Veda mantras 1.18.6, 8.100.10–11, ... More


The Poetics of Paths: Mantras of Journeys

Laurie L. Patton

in Bringing the Gods to Mind: Mantra and Ritual in Early Indian Sacrifice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520240872
eISBN:
9780520930889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240872.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter analyzes the Vedic mantras associated with journeying through space, including Rig Veda 1.42, 1.99, 1.189, 3.33, 3.45, and 10.57. The Rig Vedic imagery describes the dangers of ... More


A Short History of Heaven: From Making to Gaining the Highest Abode

Laurie L. Patton

in Bringing the Gods to Mind: Mantra and Ritual in Early Indian Sacrifice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520240872
eISBN:
9780520930889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240872.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter examines the interpretive history of Rig Vedic mantras for attaining heaven, including mantras 1.154.1–3, 9.112–15, 10.82.7, and 10.129 during the Vedic period. These hymns contain ... More


The Sacrificial Imaginary: Indic Traditions

Gavin Flood

in Religion and the Philosophy of Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198836124
eISBN:
9780191873478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198836124.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter examines the vitalism entailed in Vedic sacrifice, the Axial transformation of that theme in the Upaniṣads, and the philosophies that attempted to categorize and analyse life into ... More


On Pāṇini 2.4.81 (āma?)

S. D. Joshi and J. A. F. Roodbergen

in The Nature of the Word: Studies in Honor of Paul Kiparsky

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780262083799
eISBN:
9780262274890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083799.003.0016
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

Pānini prescribes a periphrastic formation using the suffix ām to form the perfect of secondary verbal bases, including causatives and desideratives, and of some other, simple verbal bases. He also ... More


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