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Meaning and Measurement

Gary Goertz and James Mahoney

in A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149707
eISBN:
9781400845446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149707.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines how translation problems are manifested across the qualitative and quantitative cultures for issues related to concepts and measurement. In the quantitative research paradigm, ... More


Roland Barthes: The Proust Variations

Thomas Baldwin

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781789620016
eISBN:
9781789623734
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789620016.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

By confronting the singularity of the relationship between two exemplary writers of the last century, this book challenges and reinvigorates our notions of what art and criticism – literary or ... More


Internalising Continuous Variation

Kas Oosterhuis

in Architectural Materialisms: Nonhuman Creativity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474420570
eISBN:
9781474453905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474420570.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

The chapter engages with the idea that nonhuman creativity is fostering a new architecture based on continuous variation both in its theoretical and in its technical and material dimension. The ... More


The Cultural Evolution of Religion

Joseph Bulbulia, Armin W. Geertz, Quentin D. Atkinson, Emma Cohen, Nicholas Evans, Pieter François, Herbert Gintis, Russell D. Gray, Joseph Henrich, Fiona M. Jordon, Ara Norenzayan, Peter J. Richerson, Edward Slingerland, Peter Turchin, Harvey Whitehouse, Thomas Widlok, and David S. Wilson

in Cultural Evolution: Society, Technology, Language, and Religion

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262019750
eISBN:
9780262318297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019750.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Religion may be one factor that enabled large-scale complex human societies to evolve. Utilizing a cultural evolutionary approach, this chapter seeks explanations for patterns of complexity and ... More


The Jespersen Cycle of negation

Ahmad Alqassas

in A Multi-locus Analysis of Arabic Negation: Micro-variation in Southern Levantine, Gulf and Standard Arabic

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781474433143
eISBN:
9781474460156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474433143.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter explores the dynamic interaction between syntax and morpho-phonology behind the complex variation in negation strategies in Jordanian Arabic involving unexpected change-in-progress ... More


Population Thinking about Mechanisms: An Integrative Relationship

James Tabery

in Beyond Versus: The Struggle to Understand the Interaction of Nature and Nurture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027373
eISBN:
9780262324144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027373.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

What is the relationship between scientists who study the causal mechanisms responsible for the development of traits and scientists who study the causes of variation responsible for differences in ... More


There Is Room for Conditioning in the Creative Process: Associative Learning and the Control of Behavioral Variability

W. David Stahlman, Kenneth J. Leising, Dennis Garlick, and Aaron P. Blaisdell

in Neuroscience of Creativity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019583
eISBN:
9780262314695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019583.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Variation in behaviour is an essential ingredient and necessary precondition for creativity. This chapter explores the role of associative learning processes in the generation of behavioural ... More


Capturing the “Stem Mind”

Andrea Moro

in Impossible Languages

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034890
eISBN:
9780262335621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034890.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Every child is open to acquire any language in the same average amount of time at the same average age and disregard the language her or his parents acquired. Moreover children all make similar ... More


Introduction: Clearly Written on His Face

Jon Bialecki

in Diagram for Fire: Miracles and Variation in an American Charismatic Movement

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520294202
eISBN:
9780520967410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520294202.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Religion

What are miracles as social phenomena, and what lessons do they have for anthropology? This chapter starts the inquiry into these questions by introducing both the Vineyard, and the wider ... More


Persian Composer-Pianist Baffles: Kaikhosru Sorabji

Nalini Ghuman

in Resonances of the Raj: India in the English Musical Imagination,1897-1947

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199314898
eISBN:
9780199372959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199314898.003.0006
Subject:
Music, History, Western

The music and critical works of Essex-born composer Kaikhosru Sorabji have (like the man himself) long been seen as wilfully idiosyncratic, elitist, and, on account of his Parsi-Indian ancestry, only ... More


Introduction

Peter Gluckman, Alan Beedle, Tatjana Buklijas, Felicia Low, and Mark Hanson

in Principles of Evolutionary Medicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199663927
eISBN:
9780191823206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199663927.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter introduces the concepts that are needed to demonstrate how evolutionary principles enable a more integrated understanding of human biology and medicine and thus provide new insights into ... More


Evolutionary Theory

Peter Gluckman, Alan Beedle, Tatjana Buklijas, Felicia Low, and Mark Hanson

in Principles of Evolutionary Medicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199663927
eISBN:
9780191823206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199663927.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Evolutionary science explains the huge diversity of present and past life forms. Heritable variation between particular characteristics (traits) of individuals causes differential reproductive ... More


The Molecular Basis of Variation and Inheritance

Peter Gluckman, Alan Beedle, Tatjana Buklijas, Felicia Low, and Mark Hanson

in Principles of Evolutionary Medicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199663927
eISBN:
9780191823206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199663927.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The human genome varies by about 0.5% between individuals as a result of single nucleotide polymorphisms and insertions, deletions, inversions, and duplications of longer sequences. Patterns of ... More


Lexical items and feature bundling: Consequences for microparametric approaches to variation

Ángel J. Gallego

in Rethinking Parameters

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190461737
eISBN:
9780190461768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190461737.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter investigates a puzzle posed by traditional and contemporary approaches to the lexicon: words (lexical items) are conceived of as both complex and atomic units. Such puzzle has been the ... More


From Song to Instrumental Style: Some Schubert Fingerprints

Susan Wollenberg

in Rethinking Schubert

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190200107
eISBN:
9780190200138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190200107.003.0005
Subject:
Music, History, Western, Theory, Analysis, Composition

Building on my recent work Schubert’s Fingerprints: Studies in the Instrumental Works, this chapter examines closely the stylistic ‘fingerprints’ evident in Schubert’s piano, chamber and orchestral ... More


Microparametric variation in Spanish and Portuguese: The null subject parameter and the role of the verb inflectional paradigm

Eugênia Duarte and Humberto Soares da Silva

in The Morphosyntax of Portuguese and Spanish in Latin America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190465889
eISBN:
9780190465919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190465889.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapterarticle presents a micro-parametric analysis of null subjects in Romance languages, comparing European varieties (Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese) and American varieties (Argentinean and ... More


Emulation as Empathy

Paul Berry

in Brahms Among Friends: Listening, Performance, and the Rhetoric of Allusion

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199982646
eISBN:
9780199365050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199982646.003.0004
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Four-hand piano music provides an introduction to Brahms’s complex and shifting relationships with the composer Heinrich von Herzogenberg, who quietly emulated his older colleague’s style, and the ... More


A Hybrid View

Joshua Gert

in Primitive Colors: A Case Study in Neo-pragmatist Metaphysics and Philosophy of Perception

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198785910
eISBN:
9780191840579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785910.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents a hybrid view of color that depends on a view of objective color that can be called “the multiple-aspect view.” The multiple-aspect view of color holds that we can perceive the ... More


Rival Views: Endowing Objects with Many Colors

Joshua Gert

in Primitive Colors: A Case Study in Neo-pragmatist Metaphysics and Philosophy of Perception

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198785910
eISBN:
9780191840579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785910.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers Cohen’s relationalism and Kalderon’s pluralism. An overarching point is to challenge the assumption that we should employ the same strategy for dealing with intrapersonal, ... More


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