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Like Mother, Like Son: Hanuman, Goddesses, and Women

Philip Lutgendorf

in Hanuman's Tale: The Messages of a Divine Monkey

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195309225
eISBN:
9780199785391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309225.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Whereas Hanuman is sometimes alleged to be primarily a “men's deity”, this chapter takes a fresh look at his cult through the lens of gender relations and of discourses about sexuality and its ... More


The Goddess as Role Model: Sita and Radha in Scripture and on Screen

Heidi R. M. Pauwels

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369908
eISBN:
9780199871322
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369908.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This book seeks to understand the major mythological role models that mark the moral landscape of young Hindu women. Generally, the goddess Sita, faithful consort of the god Rama, is regarded as the ... More


Introduction: Sītā and Rādhā, Role Models for Women?

Heidi R. M. Pauwels

in The Goddess as Role Model: Sita and Radha in Scripture and on Screen

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369908
eISBN:
9780199871322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369908.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

The introduction sets up the basic question of the book: when are goddesses as role models potentially empowering or oppressive for women? It situates this question within contemporary feminist ... More


The Ramayana Revisited

Mandakranta Bose (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195168327
eISBN:
9780199835362
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168321.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

While the “standard” version of the Rāmāyana is a 14th-century Sanskrit text by Valmiki, the diversity and adaptability of this narrative are extraordinary. Many regions and languages have their own ... More


Resisting Rāma: Dharmic Debates on Gender and Hierarchy and the Work of the Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa

Mandakranta Bose

in The Ramayana Revisited

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195168327
eISBN:
9780199835362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168321.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter, on resistance to the idolization of Rāma, suggests that the undercutting of the ideological positions within Valmiki's original narrative that modern studies in the Rāmāyana identify as ... More


Gendered Narratives: Gender, Space, and Narrative Structures in Vālmīki's Bālakāṇḍa

Mandakranta Bose

in The Ramayana Revisited

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195168327
eISBN:
9780199835362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168321.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter examines the relationship between ideology and narrative design in the Sundarakanda of Valmiki's Rāmāyana, where the representation of gender and space is examined to show how they ... More


Rāmāyaṇa Textual Traditions in Eastern India

Mandakranta Bose

in The Ramayana Revisited

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195168327
eISBN:
9780199835362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168321.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter reviews the forms and versions in which the Rāmāyana has appeared in eastern India, specifically in Assam, Bengal, and Orissa, since medieval times. It shows that although these versions ... More


Why Can't a Shudra Perform Asceticism?: Śambūka in Three Modern South Indian Plays

Mandakranta Bose

in The Ramayana Revisited

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195168327
eISBN:
9780199835362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168321.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter examines interest from south India in an episode originating in the Uttarakanda attributed to Valmiki's Rāmāyana. Among the actions for which Rāma has been most frequently criticized in ... More


Hanuman: Shakti, Bhakti, and Brahmacharya

Joseph S. Alter

in The Wrestler's Body: Identity and Ideology in North India

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520076976
eISBN:
9780520912175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520076976.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

Every akhara has at least one shrine dedicated to Lord Hanuman, and his worship is an important part of every wrestler's daily regimen. This chapter shows how Hanuman serves as a model for the ... More


The Dalit Limit Point: Realism, Representation, and Crisis in Premchand

Toral Jatin Gajarawala

in Untouchable Fictions: Literary Realism and the Crisis of Caste

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780823245246
eISBN:
9780823250783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823245246.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter begins with a general discussion of realism in Hindi and the question of “borrowed form”, and then examines the Dalit critique of Premchand, the father of modern Hindi letters. ... More


Gṛhasthas Don’t Belong in the Rāmā̄yaṇa

Aaron Sherraden

in Gṛhastha: The Householder in Ancient Indian Religious Culture

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190696153
eISBN:
9780190696184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190696153.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism, World Religions

This chapter explores the position of the gṛhastha in the Rāmāyaṇa primarily through its striking absence—the concept is not found in the text with the exception of one verse. It properly ... More


Sītā: Enduring Example for Women

Heidi R. Pauwels

in The Oxford History of Hinduism: The Goddess

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198767022
eISBN:
9780191821226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198767022.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism, World Religions

The impulse in Hinduism to attribute divinity to women is well demonstrated in the legend of Sītā. Her unconditional devotion to her husband Rāma qualifies her as worthy of devotion, particularly ... More


Transsexual Transformations of Subjectivity and Memory in Hindu Mythology 1

Wendy Doniger

in On Hinduism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199360079
eISBN:
9780199377923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199360079.003.0024
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter examines transvestism and transsexuality in Hindu mythology, focusing on the nature of human identity. It looks at key episodes in the two Hindu epics, the Mahabharata and the Valmiki ... More


Shadows of the Ramayana 1

Wendy Doniger

in On Hinduism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199360079
eISBN:
9780199377923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199360079.003.0037
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

The Ramayana is the oldest surviving Hindu text and one of the world’s most popular epics. Composed by the sage Valmiki in Sanskrit in Northern India, sometime between the second century BCE and the ... More


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