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Scabrous Matters: Spurious Vaccinations in the Confederacy

Robert D. Hicks (ed.)

in War Matters: Material Culture in the Civil War Era

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469643205
eISBN:
9781469643229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643205.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

As smallpox spread through the Confederacy, its physicians tried to innoculate the population against the dreaded disease. They created vaccine matter, which are human-made artifacts, by infecting ... More


The Ring College Immunization Disaster

Michael Dwyer

in Strangling Angel: Diphtheria and Childhood Immunization in Ireland

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781786940469
eISBN:
9781786945150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781786940469.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter five examines the Ring College immunization disaster, in which 24 children reportedly contracted tuberculosis and one 12-year-old girl died following routine anti-diphtheria immunization. The ... More


O’Cionnfaola v. the Wellcome Foundation and Daniel McCarthy

Michael Dwyer

in Strangling Angel: Diphtheria and Childhood Immunization in Ireland

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781786940469
eISBN:
9781786945150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781786940469.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter six argues that by the end of 1936, the Irish Free State had come close to incepting an operational national anti-diphtheria immunization scheme. This is a noteworthy achievement, as ... More


The Solution of the Vaccine Court

Anna Kirkland

in Vaccine Court: The Law and Politics of Injury

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781479876938
eISBN:
9781479844272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479876938.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

The vaccine court was created by federal legislation in 1986. This chapter tells the story of the founding and shifts in the vaccine court over time, placing it in a rich context of parental protest ... More


Safety

Paul A. Offit and Charlotte A. Moser

in Vaccines and Your Child: Separating Fact from Fiction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153072
eISBN:
9780231526715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153072.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter addresses questions regarding the safety of vaccines. Any medical product that has a positive effect can have a negative effect; hence, no vaccine is absolutely safe. Before they are ... More


Introduction

Michael Dwyer

in Strangling Angel: Diphtheria and Childhood Immunization in Ireland

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781786940469
eISBN:
9781786945150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781786940469.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Prior to the mass social acceptance of childhood immunization in the 1940s, diphtheria was one of the most prolific child killers in history. The formation of a leathery membrane in the lower airways ... More


Diphtheria ‘Arrives’

Michael Dwyer

in Strangling Angel: Diphtheria and Childhood Immunization in Ireland

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781786940469
eISBN:
9781786945150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781786940469.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter two will discuss how, from the 1880s, diphtheria increasingly became an urban disease in Britain, Europe and America, and it is unlikely that Irish urban centres managed to avoid this ominous ... More


Developing Burroughs Wellcome Alum-Toxoid

Michael Dwyer

in Strangling Angel: Diphtheria and Childhood Immunization in Ireland

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781786940469
eISBN:
9781786945150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781786940469.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter four suggests that although the practical application of anti-diphtheria immunization in Cork achieved good results, its success was qualified somewhat by the limitations of Burroughs ... More


Towards a National Immunization Programme

Michael Dwyer

in Strangling Angel: Diphtheria and Childhood Immunization in Ireland

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781786940469
eISBN:
9781786945150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781786940469.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter seven undertakes close analysis of municipal immunization schemes in Cork and Dublin in the wake of the Ring incident and in the face of impaired public health service provision attendant on ... More


Global Access Considerations for HIV Vaccine Trials

Mary Marovich

in Global Management of Infectious Disease After Ebola

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190604882
eISBN:
9780190604912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190604882.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

In chapter 14, Mary Marovich analyzes the complex issues surrounding the only HIV vaccine candidate regimen at the phase III trial stage: RV144. The chapter examines the experience of RV144 for the ... More


International Public-Private Partnerships as Part of the Solution to Infectious Disease Threats: Operational, Legal, and Governance Considerations

Kevin A. Klock

in Global Management of Infectious Disease After Ebola

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190604882
eISBN:
9780190604912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190604882.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

In chapter 9, Kevin A. Klock examines three public-partnership governance alternatives to state-based or international organization–based health preparedness paradigms. Focusing on the Global Fund to ... More


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