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Some Views

Partha Dasgupta

in Human Well-Being and the Natural Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247882
eISBN:
9780191596100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247889.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews a widely discussed theory of population ethics, Average Utilitarianism. Its ethical foundation as a population policy seems to have fundamental problems.


Classical Utilitarianism and the Genesis Problem

Partha Dasgupta

in Human Well-Being and the Natural Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247882
eISBN:
9780191596100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247889.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Reviews a widely discussed theory of population ethics, Classical Utilitarianism. It is less vulnerable to scrutiny than Average Utilitarianism, though it may recommend population levels that may ... More


A Brief History of Misotheism

Bernard Schweizer

in Hating God: The Untold Story of Misotheism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751389
eISBN:
9780199894864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751389.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter offers a sweeping historical overview of misotheism. The major stopping points along this compelling history of ideas are: the Book of Job, Epicurus, Ovid, St. Augustine, Thomas Paine, ... More


Law and Religion

William Cornish, Michael Lobban, and Keith Smith

in The Oxford History of the Laws of England: Volume XI: 1820–1914 English Legal System

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199258819
eISBN:
9780191718151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258819.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter on law and religion begins with a discussion of Utilitarianism and Evangelicalism as the two competing and complementary social, political, and economic working ideologies in the 19th ... More


Robert Denis Collison Black 1922–2008

D. P. O’brien

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 166, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows, IX

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264751
eISBN:
9780191734229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264751.003.0003
Subject:
History, Historiography

Robert Denis Collison Black was internationally recognized as the authority on Jevons, and in particular on the centrally important elements of Benthamite Utilitarianism in Jevons' thought. Jevons' ... More


On Self‐Defence and Utilitarian Calculations: Democritus of Abdera and Hermarchus of Mytilene

Catherine Osborne

in Dumb Beasts and Dead Philosophers: Humanity and the Humane in Ancient Philosophy and Literature

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199282067
eISBN:
9780191712944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282067.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter looks at the idea that some beasts threaten human well being, while others are conducive towards it. The views of Hermarchus on the need to wage war on the undesirable creatures, and to ... More


Pleasures of Benthamism: Victorian Literature, Utility, Political Economy

Kathleen Blake

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563265
eISBN:
9780191721809
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563265.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This book offers a fresh look at the often‐censured but imperfectly understood traditions of Utilitarianism and political economy in their bearing for Victorian literature and culture. It treats ... More


Carlyle

Paul Turner

in Victorian Poetry, Drama and Miscellaneous Prose 1832–1890

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198122395
eISBN:
9780191671401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122395.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Starting as the son of a barely literate Scottish stonemason, Thomas Carlyle ended as perhaps the most influential writer of his time. An important factor in this triumph of self-help was the ... More


Value

Joel J. Kupperman

in Character

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195096545
eISBN:
9780199852918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096545.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explains the importance of happiness and the definition of a valuable life. John Stuart Mill ties happiness to satisfaction of desire, and equates it with pleasure toward which, he ... More


RULE-UTILITARIANISM

David Lyons

in Forms and Limits of Utilitarianism

Published in print:
1965
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241973
eISBN:
9780191724817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241973.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter is about moral rules. Most proponents of utilitarian generalization have viewed such a principle as the ground of moral rules or else have been concerned to account for the strength of ... More


LIMITS OF UTILITY

David Lyons

in Forms and Limits of Utilitarianism

Published in print:
1965
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241973
eISBN:
9780191724817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241973.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

If the generalization test is to have the special point one often thinks it has – a point or force that sets it off from, say, Act-Utilitarianism – then one must bring in factors other than utility. ... More


Maurice’s Social Witness

David Young

in F. D. Maurice and Unitarianism

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263395
eISBN:
9780191682520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263395.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Theology

Unitarianism proposes social concern that is rooted in faith. From the earliest days of Unitarianism, its adherents worked to reform schools, asylums, prisons, and hospitals not because they believed ... More


Appetizer: How Does One Recognize an Ethical Vegetarian?

Dominique Lestel

in Eat This Book: A Carnivore's Manifesto

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231172974
eISBN:
9780231541152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172974.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Lestel explains what exactly he means when he refers to “ethical vegetarians.”


Confucianism and Utilitarianism in Jiang-Clinton Rhetoric

D. Ray Heisey

in Discourses of Cultural China in the Globalizing Age

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099128
eISBN:
9789882206847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099128.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter analyzes the rhetoric of President Jiang of the People's Republic of China and President Clinton of the United States in their respective visits to the other's country and shows that ... More


The Idealist Ethic of Social Self-Realization

W. J. Mander

in British Idealism: A History

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199559299
eISBN:
9780191725531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559299.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In addition to and connected with its fresh metaphysics and philosophy of religion, the British Idealist school put forward a radically new kind of moral theory; one which might be called the ... More


British Indophobia

Thomas R. Trautmann

in Aryans and British India

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520205468
eISBN:
9780520917927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520205468.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter focuses on the emergence of British Indophobia or British lack of enthusiasm for India. It explains that the Indophobia that became the norm in the early nineteenth century was ... More


John Stuart Mill: A Secular Life

Timothy Larsen

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198753155
eISBN:
9780191814815
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198753155.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Philosophy of Religion

John Stuart Mill observed in his Autobiography that he was a rare case in nineteenth-century Britain because he had not lost his religion but never had any. He was a freethinker from beginning to ... More


Utilitarian Humanism: “We Other Humans” Regulated by Culture

J. Paul Narkunas

in Reified Life: Speculative Capital and the Ahuman Condition

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780823280308
eISBN:
9780823281534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823280308.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Through a critical analysis of UNESCO’s instrumentalization of culture, this chapter describes how culture, often defined as a third way between states and markets, functions as a utilitarian ... More


Health-Care Justice, Health Inequalities, and U.S. Health System Reform

Carla C. Keirns

in Understanding Health Inequalities and Justice: Bridging Perspectives for New Conversations

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469630359
eISBN:
9781469630373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630359.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Changes in health system financing and delivery have the potential to save thousands of lives and billions of dollars. The overarching value system embedded in these new models for payment is a rough ... More


Introduction

Irfan Ahmad

in Religion as Critique: Islamic Critical Thinking from Mecca to the Marketplace

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635095
eISBN:
9781469635101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635095.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

It begins with a New York Times (2006) story about critique, reason, and religion. Situating the assumptions of that story in the relevant body of works –mainly but not limited to anthropology – the ... More


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