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Evolution of agrourban cultures: I The Near East

Denis J. Murphy

in People, Plants and Genes: The Story of Crops and Humanity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207145
eISBN:
9780191708893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207145.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

In the Near East, farming started in the Levant and northern Mesopotamia and, by 9,000 BP, was established across much of the region. Farming villages grew into towns that gradually increased in size ... More


The Sumerian Takeoff

in Ancient Mesopotamia at the Dawn of Civilization: The Evolution of an Urban Landscape

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226013770
eISBN:
9780226013787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226013787.003.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter begins with a discussion of how natural and created landscapes determine, reinforce, and compound each other in modern cities and their surrounding areas, which are applicable to earlier ... More


Early Mesopotamia Urbanism: How?

in Ancient Mesopotamia at the Dawn of Civilization: The Evolution of an Urban Landscape

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226013770
eISBN:
9780226013787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226013787.003.0005
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter presents a speculative scenario to account for how the Sumerian takeoff could have resulted, in part, out of evolving, long-term trade patterns that ultimately favored the development of ... More


The Synergies of Civilization

in Ancient Mesopotamia at the Dawn of Civilization: The Evolution of an Urban Landscape

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226013770
eISBN:
9780226013787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226013787.003.0008
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter argues that the environmental and geographical advantages accruing to southern Mesopotamian societies and the increases in the density and agglomeration of populations in the alluvium ... More


The Uruk Phenomenon

Gebhard J. Selz

in The Oxford History of the Ancient Near East: Volume I: From the Beginnings to Old Kingdom Egypt and the Dynasty of Akkad

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190687854
eISBN:
9780197521014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190687854.003.0004
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology, Middle East History

The city of Uruk in southern Iraq was the main force for urbanization and state formation in Mesopotamia during the Uruk period (ca. 3800–3300 BC), which takes its name from this “first city.” This ... More


Uruk

in Abysmal: A Critique of Cartographic Reason

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226629308
eISBN:
9780226629322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226629322.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The oldest masterpiece of world literature, the epic poem of Gilgamesh, is an outstanding study of power, fame, friendship, and the fear of death; a remarkable attempt to determine what it means to ... More


Scholarly Tablet Collections in First-Millennium Assyria and Babylonia, c.700–200 BCE

Eleanor Robson and Kathryn Stevens

in Libraries before Alexandria: Ancient Near Eastern Traditions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780199655359
eISBN:
9780191841347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199655359.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The half-millennium 700–200 BCE was the heyday of the cuneiform ‘library’: Pedersén counts nearly forty of them from that period in his foundational book Libraries and Archives in the Ancient Near ... More


Empire Begins at Home: Local Elites and Imperial Ideologies in Hellenistic Greece and Babylonia

Kathryn Stevens

in Cosmopolitanism and Empire: Universal Rulers, Local Elites, and Cultural Integration in the Ancient Near East and Mediterranean

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190465667
eISBN:
9780190465681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190465667.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter presents four case studies in the self-presentation of local elites and the construction of local cultural memory in the Seleucid empire, two from Babylonia and two from the Greek cities ... More


In a Strange Land

Roger Wagner and Andrew Briggs

in The Penultimate Curiosity: How Science Swims in the Slipstream of Ultimate Questions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198747956
eISBN:
9780191810909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747956.003.0041
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter considers the origins of the poem The Epic of Gilgamesh, which tells the story of the adventures of Gilgamesh, the king of Uruk, and his friendship with the wild man Enkidu. The version ... More


Royal Symbols from West Asia

Asko Parpola

in The Roots of Hinduism: The Early Aryans and The Indus Civilization

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190226909
eISBN:
9780190226947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190226909.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

The West Asian “contest” motif came with the Uruk expansion to Upper Egypt, where a royal knife depicts a Sumerian king holding two lions. This representation survived in Mesopotamia until about 2400 ... More


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