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Trade and Development: Systemic Lessons from WTO Experience with Implementation, Trade Facilitation, and Aid for Trade

J Michael Finger

in Developing Countries in the WTO Legal System

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195383614
eISBN:
9780199855445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383614.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

In the Uruguay Round, developing countries behaved as full partners rather than as supplicants in the system. This step forward has, however, been reversed by outrageous mismanagement of the hangover ... More


Institutional Friction in the Doha Development Round

Kent Jones

in The Doha Blues: Institutional Crisis and Reform in the WTO

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195378825
eISBN:
9780199852598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378825.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Although the WTO continued what the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) has started, WTO differed from GATT in the following features: the single undertaking in negotiated multilateral ... More


Ideas, Institutions, and Trade: The WTO and the Curious Role of EU Farm Policy in Trade Liberalization

Carsten Daugbjerg and Alan Swinbank

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199557752
eISBN:
9780191721922
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557752.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Agriculture has a small, and declining, importance in employment and income generation within the EU, but a political importance well beyond its economic impact. The EU's common agricultural policy ... More


Explaining the Erosion of Agricultural Exceptionalism in the Uruguay Round

Carsten Daugbjerg and Alan Swinbank

in Ideas, Institutions, and Trade: The WTO and the Curious Role of EU Farm Policy in Trade Liberalization

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199557752
eISBN:
9780191721922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557752.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chapter 4 begins with an account of the most important reasons explaining why agricultural exceptionalism was sustained for almost half a century within the GATT, and then concentrates on identifying ... More


Setting the Limits: CAP Reform and WTO Farm Trade Rules

Carsten Daugbjerg and Alan Swinbank

in Ideas, Institutions, and Trade: The WTO and the Curious Role of EU Farm Policy in Trade Liberalization

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199557752
eISBN:
9780191721922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557752.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chapter 7 shows how CAP reform, whilst driven by WTO concerns, feeds back into the WTO negotiations, setting limits to what can be agreed, but also providing enhanced opportunities for agreement. ... More


Sector‐Specific Multilateral Trade Agreements

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter looks at the major sector‐specific agreements that have been negotiated under the auspices of GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade), and in particular at agriculture, and ... More


The Multilateral Legal Framework Governing Trade in Services

Panagiotis Delimatsis

in International Trade in Services and Domestic Regulations: Necessity, Transparency, and Regulatory Diversity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199533152
eISBN:
9780191714528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533152.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The GATS is an innovative endeavour to establish a multilateral framework for the progressive liberalization of trade in services. This chapter provides an introductory analysis of this Agreement, ... More


The Multilateral Trading System

Sylvia Ostry

in Oxford Handbook of International Business

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241828
eISBN:
9780191596834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241821.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The main changes in the multilateral world‐trading system since and including the GATT Uruguay Round in 1994 are summarized, and the most urgent reforms needed to keep the system going are ... More


The 1992 MacSharry Reform

Arlindo Cunha and Alan Swinbank

in An Inside View of the CAP Reform Process: Explaining the MacSharry, Agenda 2000, and Fischler Reforms

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199591572
eISBN:
9780191725579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591572.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, International Relations and Politics

The 1992 CAP reform, proposed by the then Farm Commissioner Ray Mac Sharry, and adopted under a Portuguese Presidency, fundamentally changed the shape of the CAP, by partially switching from price ... More


An Inside View of the CAP Reform Process: Explaining the MacSharry, Agenda 2000, and Fischler Reforms

Arlindo Cunha and Alan Swinbank

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199591572
eISBN:
9780191725579
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591572.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, International Relations and Politics

From the outset, the European Union's common agricultural policy (CAP) was subject to scathingly criticism. Despite this, no substantial reform was undertaken until 1992. Then, in little more than a ... More


Regionalism Versus Multilateralism During the Uruguay Round

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Deals with the conflict between regionalism and multi‐lateralism during the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations. The strengthening of regionalism in Western Europe (Sect. 1) and North ... More


Genesis and Evolution of the Agreement

Aradhna Aggarwal

in The Anti-Dumping Agreement and Developing Countries: An Introduction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195689273
eISBN:
9780199081486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195689273.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter presents an overview of the evolution of the Anti-dumping Agreement (ADA). It starts by providing the genesis of the anti-dumping law and its accession to General Agreement on Tariffs ... More


WTO Rules for Agricultural Trade: GATT 1947 and the URAA

Carsten Daugbjerg and Alan Swinbank

in Ideas, Institutions, and Trade: The WTO and the Curious Role of EU Farm Policy in Trade Liberalization

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199557752
eISBN:
9780191721922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557752.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chapter 3 begins by accounting for the roots of agricultural exceptionalism in the GATT, and shows how it was spelt out in GATT trade rules. The remainder of the chapter examines the specific ... More


Trade in Services

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter starts with brief overviews of global trade flows in services, the barriers that restrict such trade, and the economics of service sector protection and liberalization. This is followed ... More


Protection of Intellectual Property

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

An overview is provided of the economic rationales for protection of IPRs (intellectual property rights) and the reasons behind moves to adopt multilateral rules in this area. Some of the major ... More


Developing States and the End of the Cold War: Liberalization, Globalization, and Their Consequences

Gautam Sen

in The Third World Beyond the Cold War: Continuity and Change

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295518
eISBN:
9780191599217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295510.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The first section of this chapter examines the political and economic context of change in developing countries: the two themes are the evolution of the international economy, especially since the ... More


Asymmetry in the Uruguay Round and in the Doha Round

Sylvia Ostry

in Developing Countries in the WTO Legal System

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195383614
eISBN:
9780199855445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383614.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter considers the unintended consequences of the Uruguay Round, focusing on the issue of asymmetry. A number of case studies by the World Bank demonstrate both the capacity deficit in poor ... More


The Multilateral Trading System: The (False?) Promise of Reciprocity

Alasdair R. Young and John Peterson

in Parochial Global Europe: 21st Century Trade Politics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199579907
eISBN:
9780191778728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579907.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter focuses on negotiations within the multilateral trading system. Its account is distinctive in two key ways. First, the analysis considers the EU’s participation in multilateral trade ... More


From the GATT to the WTO and Beyond

S. P. Shukla

in Governing Globalization: Issues and Institutions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199254033
eISBN:
9780191698187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254033.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyses the evolution of the international trading system from its inception as the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in 1947 to its latest incarnation as the World Trade ... More


Regionalism and the World Trade Organization

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Deals with the establishment of the WTO after the completion of the Uruguay Round and the main regionalism‐related issues facing the WTO after 1995.


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