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The National Urban League and the Fight for US Adoption Reform

Kori A. Graves

in A War Born Family: African American Adoption in the Wake of the Korean War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781479872329
eISBN:
9781479891276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479872329.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

The National Urban League initiated its Foster Care and Adoption Project in 1953 to increase African Americans’ participation in formal adoptions. League officials encouraged reforms in US policies ... More


Capitalism without Capital: Postwar Employment Activism

Jeffrey Helgeson

in Crucibles of Black Empowerment: Chicago’s Neighborhood Politics from the New Deal to Harold Washington

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226130699
eISBN:
9780226130729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226130729.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

Like Chapter 4, this chapter details the uneven opportunities black workers faced during the postwar economic boom. Even as the economy grew, stable, low-skilled jobs were disappearing. In the face ... More


. Employment from the March on Washington to the Pilot Placement Project, 1940–1950

Touré F. Reed

in Not Alms but Opportunity: The Urban League and the Politics of Racial Uplift, 1910-1950

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832233
eISBN:
9781469605708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807888544_reed.12
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter discusses the Urban League's continued perception of government assistance as essential to achieving its traditional goals of helping blacks obtain employment while adjusting them to the ... More


Protect

Amanda I. Seligman

in Chicago's Block Clubs: How Neighbors Shape the City

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226385716
eISBN:
9780226385990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226385990.003.0002
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter discusses block clubs’ origins, fundamental purposes, and development over time. Block club members were centrally concerned with improving their local environments. Members hoped that ... More


. The Ideological Origins of the Urban League

Touré F. Reed

in Not Alms but Opportunity: The Urban League and the Politics of Racial Uplift, 1910-1950

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832233
eISBN:
9781469605708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807888544_reed.7
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the issues surrounding the Urban League's creation as well as the background of key personnel in order to draw out the ideological forces shaping the League's approach. While ... More


Pittsburgh and the Urban League Movement: A Century of Social Service and Activism

Joe William Trotter

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780813179919
eISBN:
9780813179926
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813179919.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

During the Great Migration, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, became a mecca for African Americans seeking better job opportunities, wages, and living conditions. The city's thriving economy and vibrant ... More


“Their Side of the Case”: Domestic Workers and New Deal Labor Reform

Keona K. Ervin

in Gateway to Equality: Black Women and the Struggle for Economic Justice in St. Louis

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813168838
eISBN:
9780813173924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813168838.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

Chapter 2 maps the labor activism of St. Louis’s largest segment of black working-class women as they mounted a labor reform program that anticipated and challenged New Deal labor legislation. With ... More


Atlanta and New York City; Founding the National Urban League

Susan D. Carle

in Defining the Struggle: National Racial Justice Organizing, 1880-1915

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199945740
eISBN:
9780199369843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945740.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, Social History

This chapter examines the relationship between local conditions and national organization building at the turn of the twentieth century in two major cities: Atlanta and New York City. It examines how ... More


Eugene Kinckle Jones: The National Urban League and Black Social Work, 1910-1940

Felix L. Armfield

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036583
eISBN:
9780252093623
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036583.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

A leading African American intellectual of the early twentieth century, Eugene Kinckle Jones (1885–1954) was instrumental in professionalizing black social work in America. In his role as executive ... More


The Rise and Fall of the Desegregation Paradigm

Elizabeth Todd-Breland

in Political Education: Black Politics and Education Reform in Chicago since the 1960s

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469646589
eISBN:
9781469647173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469646589.003.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter analyzes the history of desegregation strategies pursued in Chicago and the processes by which those strategies fell out of favor. The chapter situates these developments within the ... More


Enduring Legacy of Whitney M. Young Jr.

Alma J. Carten

in Find a Way or Make One: A Documentary History of Clark Atlanta University Whitney M. Young Jr. School of Social Work (1920-2020)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2022
ISBN:
9780197518465
eISBN:
9780197518496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197518465.003.0013
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

This chapter overviews the life of Whitney M. Young Jr. from his early years in Kentucky to the time of his accidental downing death in Lagos, Nigeria. The content covers his early experience with ... More


Conclusion

Touré F. Reed

in Not Alms but Opportunity: The Urban League and the Politics of Racial Uplift, 1910-1950

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832233
eISBN:
9781469605708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807888544_reed.14
Subject:
History, African-American History

This book concludes with a discussion of the criticism by political activists—ranging from Marcus Garvey to former Urban League staffer Abram L. Harris—of the National Urban League. They pointed to ... More


The Rise and Fall of Local 284: Black Women Laundry Workers’ Activism in the Era of the Great Migration

Matter Carson

in A Matter of Moral Justice: Black Women Laundry Workers and the Fight for Justice

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780252043901
eISBN:
9780252052804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252043901.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

The Great Migration brought large numbers of Black wage-earning women into the urban North from both the South and abroad, including Trinidadian Garveyite and activist Charlotte Adelmond. Chapter 4 ... More


Epilogue: Examining the Past and Looking to the Future

Jim Host and Eric A. Moyen

in Changing the Game: My Career in Collegiate Sports Marketing

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780813179551
eISBN:
9780813179582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813179551.003.0015
Subject:
History, Cultural History

The epilogue turns its attention to Host’s perception of current events and issues about which he is passionate. He addresses problems that are keeping Kentucky from making greater progress, as well ... More


Introduction

Felix L. Armfield

in Eugene Kinckle Jones: The National Urban League and Black Social Work, 1910-1940

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036583
eISBN:
9780252093623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036583.003.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

This introductory chapter lays out a brief biography of Eugene Kinckle Jones and his work in black social reform, including his affiliation with the National Urban League (NUL). It laments the lack ... More


Organizing the Oppressed Teacher: Teachers' Rights in the Cold War

in Uncivil Rights: Teachers, Unions, and Race in the Battle for School Equity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226660714
eISBN:
9780226660738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226660738.003.0004
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter focuses on the transformation of the teacher unions between 1950 and 1960 that came about due to teacher assignment campaigns. Organizations such as the Urban League and various parent ... More


Moderates and the Vietnam War: All the Way with LBJ

Daniel S. Lucks

in Selma to Saigon: The Civil Rights Movement and the Vietnam War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813145075
eISBN:
9780813145310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813145075.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

The NAACP and the moderate wing of the civil rights movement embraced Cold War liberalism and distanced themselves from anticolonialism in the late 1940s and early 1950s. Their silence on U.S. ... More


Building Alliances

Felix L. Armfield

in Eugene Kinckle Jones: The National Urban League and Black Social Work, 1910-1940

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036583
eISBN:
9780252093623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036583.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter traces the history of the National Urban League with a specific focus on Eugene Kinckle Jones's leadership. It covers the decade of the 1920s and the many issues that Jones and his ... More


Conclusion

Felix L. Armfield

in Eugene Kinckle Jones: The National Urban League and Black Social Work, 1910-1940

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036583
eISBN:
9780252093623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036583.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

This concluding chapter summarizes the notable events and accomplishments of Eugene Kinckle Jones's life and work, contextualizing them furthermore within a racially charged climate. Jones grew up in ... More


Conclusion

Jennifer Jensen Wallach

in Every Nation Has Its Dish: Black Bodies and Black Food in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781469645216
eISBN:
9781469645230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469645216.003.0009
Subject:
History, African-American History

An April 22, 1971 soul food dinner hosted by the Bay Area Urban League is emblematic of the emergence of soul food as the preeminent symbol of black culinary identity after the 1960s. However, over ... More


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