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D. M. Armstrong and the Recovery of Ontology

Keith Campbell

in Categories of Being: Essays on Metaphysics and Logic

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199890576
eISBN:
9780199980031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890576.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter provides an overview of the development of Armstrong’s metaphysics, with special reference to his contributions to Ontology proper, and to the place that ontology now commands in ... More


Arguments from Order to Design

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to Swinburne’s Bayesian argument from temporal order, the fact that our universe is ordered by relatively simple laws of nature is more probable if God exists than if he does not. If God ... More


Distinguishing particulars from universals

Douglas Ehring

in Tropes: Properties, Objects, and Mental Causation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608539
eISBN:
9780191729607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608539.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter focuses on the distinction between universals and particulars. It begins with an examination of attempts to characterize this distinction that center on the notion of instantiation or ... More


Why believe in tropes?

Douglas Ehring

in Tropes: Properties, Objects, and Mental Causation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608539
eISBN:
9780191729607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608539.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter presents an argument for the existence of tropes. It begins with a brief catalogue of previous arguments for tropes and then launches into a new argument for their existence. It is, ... More


Understanding by Induction

Marc Gasser-Wingate

in Aristotle's Empiricism

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780197567456
eISBN:
9780197567487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197567456.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

I offer an interpretation of Aristotle’s account of our cognitive development, as he presents it in Posterior Analytics II.19 and Metaphysics A1. I defend an expansive reading of inductive learning ... More


Perception in Aristotle’s Ethics

Marc Gasser-Wingate

in Aristotle's Empiricism

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780197567456
eISBN:
9780197567487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197567456.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

How do Aristotle’s empiricist views bear on the role perception plays for the virtuous? Do they point towards a certain kind of ethical particularism, according to which universal rules could never ... More


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