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The Tide of Preparation

Adam Ewing

in The Age of Garvey: How a Jamaican Activist Created a Mass Movement and Changed Global Black Politics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157795
eISBN:
9781400852444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157795.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter shows how, during a period of limited political opportunities, in which African American activism was fraught with danger, Garveyites had built a massive political movement committed to ... More


Garvey Must Go: The Black Press and the Making and Unmaking of Black Male Leadership

D'Weston Haywood

in Let Us Make Men: The Twentieth-Century Black Press and a Manly Vision for Racial Advancement

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469643397
eISBN:
9781469643410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643397.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter reinterprets the New Negro era as an intense moment of jockeying for racial leadership among certain black male leaders and black male publishers in Harlem. This chapter argues that when ... More


Africa for the Africans!

Adam Ewing

in The Age of Garvey: How a Jamaican Activist Created a Mass Movement and Changed Global Black Politics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157795
eISBN:
9781400852444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157795.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the extent of Garveyism's global reach in the aftermath of World War I. It looks at how the spread of radical Garveyism transcended its West Indian skeleton, enlivening the ... More


Princess Laura Kofey and the Reverse Atlantic Experience

Natanya Keisha Duncan

in The American South and the Atlantic World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780813044378
eISBN:
9780813046471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044378.003.0011
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter focuses on the rise and tragic fall of the Ghanaian-born Garveyite Princess Laura Kofey and her political, economic, and cultural activities on behalf of the Universal Negro Improvement ... More


“No Surrender”: Migration, the Garvey Movement, and Community Building in Cuba

Frances Peace Sullivan

in Global Garveyism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813056210
eISBN:
9780813058030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056210.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

British West Indian migrants spread Garveyism across the circum-Caribbean in the late 1910s and early 1920s. Indeed, the organization was particularly important for those women and men who found ... More


A Man Without A Country

Shawn Leigh Alexander

in T. Thomas Fortune, the Afro-American Agitator: A Collection of Writings, 1880-1928

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032320
eISBN:
9780813039084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032320.003.0021
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter presents the editorial, “A Man without a Country,” where Fortune makes it clear that while the goal of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) and Marcus Garvey may have been ... More


“The Silent Work that must be Done”

Adam Ewing

in The Age of Garvey: How a Jamaican Activist Created a Mass Movement and Changed Global Black Politics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157795
eISBN:
9781400852444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157795.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter recounts the decline of Garvey's institutional empire and how it provided space for the emergence of a “second period” of modest organization building and consciousness raising, ... More


Reconfiguring the Roots and Routes of New Negro Activism: The Garvey Movement in New Orleans

Claudrena Harold

in Escape from New York: The New Negro Renaissance beyond Harlem

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816677382
eISBN:
9781452947877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816677382.003.0009
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter explores the influence of Garveyism on New Negro activism in New Orleans during the 1920s. It focuses on the role played by activists such as John B. Cary, a New Orleans–based trade ... More


“His Failure Will Be Theirs”: Why the Black Elite Resisted Garveyism and Embraced Ethiopia

Alvin B. Tillery

in Between Homeland and Motherland: Africa, U.S. Foreign Policy, and Black Leadership in America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801448973
eISBN:
9780801461019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801448973.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the ways that black elites responded to Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) movement and the grassroots protest movement that emerged in black ... More


Making New Negroes in Cuba: Garveyism as a Transcultural Movement

Frank Guridy

in Escape from New York: The New Negro Renaissance beyond Harlem

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816677382
eISBN:
9781452947877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816677382.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter explores the role of Marcus Garvey’s movement in the making of a New Negro transnational affiliation that was produced by the cultural encounters between Anglophone Caribbeans, African ... More


The ‘romance’ of foreign: distance, perspective and an ‘inclusive nationhood’

Mary Chamberlain

in Empire and Nation-Building in the Caribbean: Barbados, 1937-66

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719078767
eISBN:
9781781701997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719078767.003.0002
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter focuses on how the migration of the Caribbeans to various countries and their exposure to various political activities in their host countries led to the foundation of the Federation of ... More


Introduction: Rediscovering Southern Garveyism

Mary G. Rolinson

in Grassroots Garveyism: The Universal Negro Improvement Association in the Rural South, 1920-1927

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830925
eISBN:
9781469602257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807872789_rolinson.4
Subject:
History, African-American History

Garveyism was an ideology spread by Marcus Garvey, a Jamaican of African ancestry, during World War I while promoting the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) as a global organization with ... More


“The Second Battle for Africa Has Begun”: Rev. Clarence W. Harding Jr., Garveyism, Liberia, and the Diasporic Midwest, 1966–1978

Erik S. McDuffie

in Global Garveyism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813056210
eISBN:
9780813058030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056210.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the underappreciated impact of Garveyism in shaping Liberian politics and life during the 1970s. This work was spearheaded by Rev. Clarence W. Harding Jr., a dynamic ... More


Garveyism Root and Branch: From the Age of Revolution to the Onset of Black Power

Michael O. West

in Global Garveyism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813056210
eISBN:
9780813058030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056210.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

The Garvey movement was at once an end and a beginning. Although very much a product of its time – the immediate post-World War I era – Garveyism was an end in that it summarized much of the thought ... More


Growth

Mary G. Rolinson

in Grassroots Garveyism: The Universal Negro Improvement Association in the Rural South, 1920-1927

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830925
eISBN:
9781469602257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807872789_rolinson.7
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the structure of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) in the South on a state-by-state basis. It documents the spread of UNIA divisions, both geographically and ... More


We Depend on Others Too Much: Garveyism and Labor Radicalism in the Caribbean Basin

Frederick Douglass Opie

in Black Labor Migration in Caribbean Guatemala, 1882–1923

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813033716
eISBN:
9780813038735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813033716.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter investigates the organization of the black Caribbean coast under the influence of Garveyism. Starting in the 1920s, Marcus Garvey's followers founded local branches of the Universal ... More


Our Joan of Arc: Women, Gender, and Authority in the Harmony Division of the UNIA

Nicole Bourbonnais

in Global Garveyism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813056210
eISBN:
9780813058030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056210.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter uses the Jamaican Garveyite weekly New Negro Voice to examine gender dynamics and gender politics in the Harmony Division of the Universal Negro Improvement Association in the early ... More


“The Lazarus of American Farmers”: The Politics of Black Agrarianism in the Jim Crow South, 1921–1938

Jarod Roll

in Beyond Forty Acres and a Mule: African American Landowning Families since Reconstruction

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039862
eISBN:
9780813043777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039862.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

Jarod Roll explores the evolution of black agrarianism between the Great Migration and the Great Depression. He does so by analyzing the membership of Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement ... More


Appeal

Mary G. Rolinson

in Grassroots Garveyism: The Universal Negro Improvement Association in the Rural South, 1920-1927

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830925
eISBN:
9781469602257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807872789_rolinson.9
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the Universal Negro Improvement Association's (UNIA) appeal to members in the rural South, focusing on Southwest Georgia, the Arkansas Delta, and the Yazoo-Mississippi Delta. ... More


Black Farmers, Agriculture, and Resistance

Monica M. White

in Freedom Farmers: Agricultural Resistance and the Black Freedom Movement

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469643694
eISBN:
9781469643717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643694.003.0013
Subject:
History, African-American History

Most accounts of African Americans’ relationship to the soil focus on oppression and exploitation. This book offers the untold history of Black farmers’ fight to stay on the land in the southern ... More


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