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Introduction

Shafique N. Virani

in The Ismailis in the Middle Ages: A History of Survival, a Search for Salvation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195311730
eISBN:
9780199785490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311730.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Shi'i Muslims believe that by divine decree, at a place called Ghadir Khumm, the Prophet Muhammad declared his cousin and son-in-law 'Ali as his successor, and the first in a lineage of Imams to whom ... More


Life and Times

Andrew Louth

in St John Damascene: Tradition and Originality in Byzantine Theology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252381
eISBN:
9780191600654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252386.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

An account of the transformation of the Middle East as a result of the rise of Islam, the Arab conquest of the region and the establishment of the Umayyad Empire, especially as it affected Jerusalem ... More


Damascus after the Muslim Conquest: Text and Image in Early Islam

Nancy Khalek

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199736515
eISBN:
9780199918614
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736515.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This book is a study of Islamic identity in Damascus, Syria, from its fall to Muslim armies in 635–6 ad until the end of its tenure as the capital of the Islamic Empire in 750. It discusses the shift ... More


Epilogue

Garth Fowden

in Qusayr 'Amra: Art and the Umayyad Elite in Late Antique Syria

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520236653
eISBN:
9780520929609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520236653.003.0011
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

Al-Ma'mūn admired the Umayyad clan's picturesque ruins, then settled down to a picnic of wine and bazmāward, a roast meat and white bread delicacy of Iranian origin, fit for a bazm, as its name ... More


Defining Boundaries in al-Andalus: Muslims, Christians, and Jews in Islamic Iberia

Janina M. Safran

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451836
eISBN:
9780801468018
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451836.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Al-Andalus, the Arabic name for the medieval Islamic state in Iberia, endured for over 750 years following the Arab and Berber conquest of Hispania in 711. While the popular perception of al-Andalus ... More


The Age of Division

Peter Sarris

in Empires of Faith: The Fall of Rome to the Rise of Islam, 500-700

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199261260
eISBN:
9780191730962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261260.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter details attempts on the part of the East Roman or Byzantine Empire to reverse the Arab conquests. Efforts on the part of the Emperors Constans II and Justinian II to restore Roman ... More


In Defense of All Houses of Worship?: Jihad in the Context of Interfaith Relations

Asma Afsaruddin

in Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads: Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Encounters and Exchanges

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199755042
eISBN:
9780199950508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755042.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter is a comparative study of early and late exegeses of Qur’an 22:39-40 and of the specific historical circumstances in which they were generated. The focus is on what this changing ... More


Manāras and Manārs

Jonathan M. Bloom

in The Minaret

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780748637256
eISBN:
9780748693832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637256.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines the origins and meanings of the words manār and manāra, from which the word ‘minaret’ derives. It discusses how Umayyad and early Abbasid patrons built tall and slender towers ... More


Introduction

Radwa Ashour, Ferial J. Ghazoul, and Hasna Reda-Mekdashi

in Arab Women Writers: A Critical Reference Guide, 1873-1999

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774161469
eISBN:
9781936190003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774161469.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Arab women writers draw on a rich, ancient heritage, which stretches back to civilizations that flourished in the region before the Islamic conquest. Al-Khansa' emerges positively in the culture; ... More


Qusayr 'Amra: Art and the Umayyad Elite in Late Antique Syria

Garth Fowden

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520236653
eISBN:
9780520929609
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520236653.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

From the stony desolation of Jordan's desert, it is but a step through a doorway into the bath house of the Qusayr 'Amra hunting lodge. Inside, multicolored frescoes depict scenes from courtly life ... More


Umayyad Self-Representation

Garth Fowden

in Qusayr 'Amra: Art and the Umayyad Elite in Late Antique Syria

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520236653
eISBN:
9780520929609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520236653.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

It seems legitimate to enquire what the court taste of which Quṣayr 'Amra is a typical example can tell us about the broader cultural identity and aspirations of the Umayyad elite and, to the extent ... More


Arabs in the Early Islamic Empire: Exploring al-Azd Tribal Identity

Brian Ulrich

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781474436793
eISBN:
9781474464857
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474436793.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Examining a single broad tribal identity - al-Azd - from pre-Islamic Arabia through the Umayyad and into the early Abbasid era, this book notes the ways it was continually refashioned over that time. ... More


Reveal or conceal: public humiliation and banishment as punishments in early Islamic times

Everett K. Rowson

in Public Violence in Islamic Societies: Power, Discipline, and the Construction of the Public Sphere, 7th-19th Centuries CE

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748637317
eISBN:
9780748653164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637317.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter focuses on two forms of punishment during the early Umayyad period: public humiliation and banishment. These two forms of punishment are especially, although not exclusively, associated ... More


Sufyanid Accession and Succession, c. 660–683

Andrew Marsham

in Rituals of Islamic Monarchy: Accession and Succession in the First Muslim Empire

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748625123
eISBN:
9780748653157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625123.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

The evidence for caliphal accession and succession became plentiful after the victory of the Marwanid Umayyads in the second civil war (683–92). However, what evidence there is for the Sufyanid ... More


Introduction

Janina M. Safran

in Defining Boundaries in al-Andalus: Muslims, Christians, and Jews in Islamic Iberia

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451836
eISBN:
9780801468018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451836.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This introductory chapter argues that despite the numerous accounts of the political history of Umayyad al-Andalus, its relationship to the Jewish and Christian communities under its rule can be ... More


The Structuring of Umayyad Rule

Janina M. Safran

in Defining Boundaries in al-Andalus: Muslims, Christians, and Jews in Islamic Iberia

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451836
eISBN:
9780801468018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451836.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter presents an overview of the establishment of Umayyad authority in al-Andalus during the ninth and tenth centuries. It examines how political identity is expressed in religious terms and ... More


Chaste Lovers, Umayyad Rulers, and Abbasid Writers

Jocelyn Sharlet

in In the Presence of Power: Court and Performance in the Pre-Modern Middle East

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781479879366
eISBN:
9781479884131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479879366.003.0013
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on a set of Arabic stories from the Umayyad period (661–750) that were further elaborated in the literature of the Abbasid period (750–1258). These tales about chaste lovers ... More


The Inner World of the Interpretive Tradition

Joel Blecher

in Said the Prophet of God: Hadith Commentary across a Millennium

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520295933
eISBN:
9780520968677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520295933.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In this chapter readers delve deeper into the inner world of commentary and fine-grained commentarial reasoning, while keeping in mind the complex social and historical milieu of late Umayyad ... More


The Power and the Politics of Emplacement

Jacob N. Kinnard

in Places in Motion: The Fluid Identities of Temples, Images, and Pilgrims

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199359653
eISBN:
9780199359691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199359653.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the ways in which physical objects, events to which they are related, and the various narratives which convey such events intersect and interact with particular places, and it ... More


Hishām’s Balancing Act: The Case of Qaṣr al-Ḥayr al-Gharbī

Robert Hillenbrand

in Power, Patronage, and Memory in Early Islam: Perspectives on Umayyad Elites

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190498931
eISBN:
9780190498955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190498931.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Non-Classical

This is a study of the sculpted and painted iconography at the late Umayyad palace of Qaṣr al-Ḥayr al-Gharbī, in Syria. Its links with classical and Byzantine and, to a lesser extent, Sasanian art ... More


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