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The Ugaritic Texts and the Origins of West-Semitic Literary Composition

Dennis Pardee

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264928
eISBN:
9780191754104
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264928.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

The discovery and decryption of Ugaritic cuneiform tablets in the 1920s has given scholars an insight into the development of alphabetic writing and the origins of biblical poetry. This book, based ... More


 Egalitarian Theology: The Commoner's Upgrade from King's Servant to Servant King

Joshua A. Berman

in Created Equal: How the Bible Broke with Ancient Political Thought

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374704
eISBN:
9780199871438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374704.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Biblical Studies

This chapter contains the argument that drives the rest of the book. The rejection of hierarchy is rooted in a major theological shift. Social and political hierarchy in the ancient Near East ... More


Ugaritic Literary Composition

Dennis Pardee

in The Ugaritic Texts and the Origins of West-Semitic Literary Composition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264928
eISBN:
9780191754104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264928.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

Chapter 1 attempted a rough sketch of the uses of writing at Ugarit and, particularly, of the types of texts that are attested in the alphabetic script and the Ugaritic language. It showed that of ... More


The Supremacy of Hatti: The Reign of Suppiluliuma I (c. 1350–1322)

TREVOR BRYCE

in The Kingdom of the Hittites

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199281329
eISBN:
9780191706752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281329.003.07
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

In spite of his close partnership with his father, and in spite of the role he had played in the restoration of the kingdom, Suppiluliuma was not intended for the mantle of kingship in Hatti after ... More


Libraries in Syria and the Levant in the Late Bronze Age, c.1450–1100 BCE

Matthew Rutz

in Libraries before Alexandria: Ancient Near Eastern Traditions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780199655359
eISBN:
9780191841347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199655359.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Syria and the southern Levant has a long and rich epigraphic tradition that was rediscovered in the last century through archaeological excavation. Written remains stretching from the Bronze Age ... More


Surpassing All Versions: Revision through Introduction in the Gilgamesh Epic

Sara J. Milstein

in Tracking the Master Scribe: Revision through Introduction in Biblical and Mesopotamian Literature

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190205393
eISBN:
9780190205416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190205393.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter argues that the Gilgamesh Epic underwent several phases of revision through introduction. First, the old Huwawa narrative was taken up and supplemented with a large block at the front. ... More


The Conflict Topos in Extant Narratives

Debra Scoggins Ballentine

in The Conflict Myth and the Biblical Tradition

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199370252
eISBN:
9780190226824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199370252.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Religion in the Ancient World

This chapter offers analysis of the conflict topos in Anzu, the Babylonian and Assyrian recensions of Enuma Elish, and the Ugaritic Baʿlu Cycle. It argues that these narratives present specific and ... More


The Emergence of Scribal Education in Ancient Israel

William M. Schniedewind

in The Finger of the Scribe: How Scribes Learned to Write the Bible

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190052461
eISBN:
9780190052492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190052461.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter first sketches out the history of scholarship on scribal education. The chapter summarizes new archaeological discoveries that point to the overlap between the Late Bronze Age cuneiform ... More


Scribal Curriculum at Kuntillet ʿAjrud

William M. Schniedewind

in The Finger of the Scribe: How Scribes Learned to Write the Bible

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190052461
eISBN:
9780190052492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190052461.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter offers a new interpretation of the Kuntillet ʿAjrud inscriptions as a variety of scribal exercises that parallel the basic outlines of the early cuneiform school curriculum. Using the ... More


Alphabets and Acrostics

William M. Schniedewind

in The Finger of the Scribe: How Scribes Learned to Write the Bible

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190052461
eISBN:
9780190052492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190052461.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The first school exercises were simple abecedaries teaching young scribes the order, shape, and sound of the letters. These exercises can be compared to early cuneiform exercises like the Syllable B ... More


Letters, Paragraphs, and Prophets

William M. Schniedewind

in The Finger of the Scribe: How Scribes Learned to Write the Bible

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190052461
eISBN:
9780190052492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190052461.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

In more advanced elementary education, scribes learned to write typical formulaic documents, such as letters. After making lists and receipts, writing letters was the most common type of ancient ... More


Divergent Histories between Original and Renewal Treaties in Hittite Diplomatic Literature

Joshua A. Berman

in Inconsistency in the Torah: Ancient Literary Convention and the Limits of Source Criticism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190658809
eISBN:
9780190675295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190658809.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Religion in the Ancient World

As Hittite kings communicated with their vassals, they routinely recounted the history of their relationship between the two kingdoms. Strikingly, the record reveals that each communication brought ... More


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