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‘A Great Shadow Over Our “Civil Rights” ’: Fighting for the Government

Desmond King

in Separate and Unequal: Black Americans and the US Federal Government

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292494
eISBN:
9780191599682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829249X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Explores segregation in the military and resistance to its abolition ever since the founding of the country and the War of Independence to President Truman's 1947 Committee on Civil Rights and well ... More


A Final Assignment: Back to School, 1951–1953

Michael E. Lynch

in Edward M. Almond and the US Army: From the 92nd Infantry Division to the X Corps

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780813177984
eISBN:
9780813177991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177984.003.0015
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines Almond’s final assignment as Commandant, US Army War College, where he left an indelible impression. This final assignment proved especially rewarding. Subsequent commandants ... More


INTRODUCTION: Counterinsurgency and the Uses of History

David Fitzgerald

in Learning to Forget: US Army Counterinsurgency Doctrine and Practice from Vietnam to Iraq

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780804785815
eISBN:
9780804786423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785815.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This introduction examines the literature on the complicated relationship between the US Army and counterinsurgency before seeking an explanation for that relationship in the broader field on US ... More


Learning to Forget: US Army Counterinsurgency Doctrine and Practice from Vietnam to Iraq

David Fitzgerald

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780804785815
eISBN:
9780804786423
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785815.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This book details the relationship between the US Army’s counterinsurgency doctrine and its changing lessons of Vietnam. The US Army, battered by its experience in Vietnam, radically reshaped its ... More


Education of a Senior Officer: 1933–1941

Michael E. Lynch

in Edward M. Almond and the US Army: From the 92nd Infantry Division to the X Corps

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780813177984
eISBN:
9780813177991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177984.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

Almond began his transition to the Army’s senior leadership with attendance at the US Army War College, where his classmates included future five-star flag officers Omar Bradley and William Halsey. ... More


The Army

Odie B. Faul

in The Geronimo Campaign

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195083514
eISBN:
9780199854141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083514.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The end of the Civil War brought drastic changes in the United States military forces. They had become a peacetime force with little public understanding or appreciation. Nor was a large army needed. ... More


Cold War Frontiers

Ingo Trauschweizer

in Maxwell Taylor's Cold War: From Berlin to Vietnam

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813177007
eISBN:
9780813177038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177007.003.0003
Subject:
History, Military History

In this chapter I address Taylor’s command experiences in Germany and Berlin (1949-1951), as army administrator at the Pentagon, and in Korea (February 1953- mid-1955). Taylor deftly handled Cold War ... More


Stalemate, Finite Deterrence, Polaris, and SIOP-62

Edward Kaplan

in To Kill Nations: American Strategy in the Air-Atomic Age and the Rise of Mutually Assured Destruction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452482
eISBN:
9780801455506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452482.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter recounts the continued clashes between the Air Force and its sister services whose new ideas, including finite deterrence and stalemate, threatened its predominance. Although the Air ... More


A World Figure?: Friday, April 19, 1991—Harbur Border Crossing, Northwestern Iraq

Andrew Marble

in Boy on the Bridge: The Story of John Shalikashvili's American Success

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780813178028
eISBN:
9780813178035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813178028.003.0016
Subject:
History, Military History

The chapter is set on April 19, 1991, during Lieutenant General John Shalikashvili’s discussion with international media following the Operation Provide Comfort commander’s meeting with Iraqi ... More


Variable Heroism: Landpower in US Grand Strategy since 9/11

Lukas Milevski

in Landpower in the Long War: Projecting Force After 9/11

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177571
eISBN:
9780813177588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177571.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

The history of US landpower since September 11, 2001, has been a history of change as policy-makers sought to impose alterations on landpower, only to be forced to adapt to new conditions. The ... More


Commanding General of the Army, 1869–1884

Brian Holden Reid

in The Scourge of War: The Life of William Tecumseh Sherman

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780195392739
eISBN:
9780190079161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195392739.003.0017
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter recounts that on November 7, 1868, Ulysses S. Grant gained election to the presidency, leading to William T. Sherman succeeding him as general-in-chief. Throughout, Sherman had abstained ... More


Finding a Place

Edward Kaplan

in To Kill Nations: American Strategy in the Air-Atomic Age and the Rise of Mutually Assured Destruction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452482
eISBN:
9780801455506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452482.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the air-atomic strategy and the organizational struggles it fueled. The structure for national security policy changed dramatically with the National Security Act in July 1947. ... More


Foreword

Daniel P. Bolger

in Landpower in the Long War: Projecting Force After 9/11

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177571
eISBN:
9780813177588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177571.003.0101
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

American landpower has failed in the wars of post-9/11, particularly while combating the insurgencies in Afghanistan and Iraq. The United States and its allies have a lot to learn before successes ... More


Introduction

Robert L. Fuller

in The Struggle for Cooperation: Liberated France and the American Military, 1944--1946

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813176628
eISBN:
9780813176659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813176628.003.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

Despite the mutual hostility of General Charles de Gaulle and President Franklin D. Roosevelt, France and the United States needed to cooperate to win the war against Germany. The French needed the ... More


“The Mother of All Battles” (“Desert Storm”), Phase Two: The Ground and Sea Campaign (24–28 February 1991)

Pesach Malovany IDF (Ret.), Amatzia Baram, Kevin M. Woods, and Ronna Englesberg

in Wars of Modern Babylon: A History of the Iraqi Army from 1921 to 2003

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813169439
eISBN:
9780813169514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813169439.003.0033
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter deals with the second phase of the Gulf war—operation “Desert Storm” called by the Iraqis “The Mother of all Battles– The ground and sea campaign (24-28 February, 1991). It describes the ... More


Below the Bar: The U.S. Army and Limited Service Manpower

Sanders Marble

in Scraping the Barrel: The Military Use of Substandard Manpower, 1860–1960

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823239771
eISBN:
9780823239818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823239771.003.0007
Subject:
History, Military History

During World War I, the US had to quickly mobilize an army. Rather than demanding full physical fitness, it started accepting men with job skills, and tacitly accepted that the army was an industrial ... More


The Human Terrain System: Some Lessons Learned and the Way Forward

Janice H. Laurence

in Social Science Goes to War: The Human Terrain System in Iraq and Afghanistan

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190216726
eISBN:
9780190492137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190216726.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This final chapter reviews the sociocultural knowledge requirements that resulted from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, noting the limitations of the military's in-house capabilities, and the ... More


The Daily “Probabilities”

Jamie L. Pietruska

in Looking Forward: Prediction and Uncertainty in Modern America

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226475004
eISBN:
9780226509150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226509150.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter focuses on controversies over rural access to short-term weather forecasts and storm warnings after 1870, when the US Army Signal Service established the country’s first national weather ... More


Scraping the Barrel: African American Troops and World War I

Steven Short

in Scraping the Barrel: The Military Use of Substandard Manpower, 1860–1960

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823239771
eISBN:
9780823239818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823239771.003.0006
Subject:
History, Military History

Like American society, around World War I the US Army saw African-Americans as second-rate. There were Black units, but they were assigned to remote areas. When the Army was expanded to fight WWI, ... More


Assessing the Human Terrain Teams: No White Hats or Black Hats, Please

Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban and George R. Lucas

in Social Science Goes to War: The Human Terrain System in Iraq and Afghanistan

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190216726
eISBN:
9780190492137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190216726.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Beginning in 2005, the US Army and US Marine Corps attempted to enhance its counterinsurgency efforts in Iraq and Afghanistan by deploying teams of anthropologists and other social scientists through ... More


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