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A Theory of Indirect Election

Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

in Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163161
eISBN:
9781400852680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter analyzes the indirect elections of U.S. senators in state legislatures within a broader theoretical framework of how parties interact with institutional and electoral settings to affect ... More


Introduction

Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

in Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163161
eISBN:
9781400852680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This introductory chapter sets out the book's purpose, which is to examine the dynamics of indirect elections and assess the consequences of the switch to direct elections with the adoption of the ... More


Candidate Emergence, Political Ambition, and Seat Value

Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

in Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163161
eISBN:
9781400852680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of the value of a Senate seat and a general assessment of the value that a Senate seat added to a state during this era of federalism. It argues that ... More


Party as Gatekeeper: Canvass, Convention, and Caucus as Nomination Mechanisms

Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

in Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163161
eISBN:
9781400852680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter analyzes the role of the party as a gatekeeper to running for U.S. Senate and delves more deeply into the role of the political party as an organization in the state legislature. It ... More


Myth and Reality of the Seventeenth Amendment

Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

in Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163161
eISBN:
9781400852680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter summarizes the book's findings and reflects more broadly on the quality and context of Senate representation under two different electoral systems. In doing so, it addresses several key ... More


Political Dynamics and Senate Representation

Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

in Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163161
eISBN:
9781400852680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter explores the links between the indirect electoral mechanism and patterns of representational behavior that appear to differ markedly from that exhibited by U.S. senators today. ... More


Senate Electoral Responsiveness under Indirect and Direct Election

Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

in Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163161
eISBN:
9781400852680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter integrates findings on indirect elections with current scholarship on the impact of the adoption of the Seventeenth Amendment and onset of direct elections. It constructs a comprehensive ... More


“Too Gallant A Walk”? Running For The Senate, 1928

Judith N. McArthur and Harold L. Smith

in Minnie Fisher Cunningham: A Suffragist's Life in Politics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195304862
eISBN:
9780199871537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304862.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In 1928 Cunningham became the first woman from Texas to run for the U. S. Senate. Like most women who aspired to Congress in this period, she lost. This chapter argues that whilst prejudice against ... More


Coordination Dilemmas and The Critical Mass Problem: Differentiating Colleague Valuation Between Incumbents and Challengers in the U.S. Senate

Kristin Kanthak

in The Diversity Paradox: Parties, Legislatures, and the Organizational Foundations of Representation in America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199891726
eISBN:
9780199933433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199891726.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter 5 explores the reasons behind, and potential solutions for, asymmetric tokenism. The chapter shows that minority group members face a coordination problem when their group size grows to a ... More


A Student of Security

Gary Hart

in The Shield and the Cloak: The Security of the Commons

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195306163
eISBN:
9780199850693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306163.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Gary Hart was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1974 and immediately joined the Armed Services Committee. During the heart of the Cold War, he participated in all the issues related to national security. ... More


Selecting U.S. Senators

David Brian Robertson

in The Original Compromise: What the Constitution’s Framers Were Really Thinking

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199796298
eISBN:
9780199979707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796298.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The delegates viewed the U.S. Senate as a small body of leaders who could stop the unruly democratic urges of the House of Representatives. Representation in the Senate became the principle political ... More


Hillary Clinton as Political Candidate: U.S. Senate Campaign—1999–2001

Shawn J. Parry-Giles

in Hillary Clinton in the News: Gender and Authenticity in American Politics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038211
eISBN:
9780252096044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038211.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter features the extensive television news coverage of Hillary Clinton as a candidate for the U.S. Senate. In many ways, the news broadcasts reflected the memory frames that circulated ... More


Through the Twentieth Century, 1981–2000

Doris Weatherford

in They Dared to Dream: Florida Women Who Shaped History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813060606
eISBN:
9780813050997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060606.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter recounts changes regarding American women in the 1980s and 1990s. In Florida, the first woman appointed to the federal judiciary was Susan Harrell Black, whom President Jimmy Carter ... More


When Congress Investigates

Douglas L. Kriner and Eric Schickler

in Investigating the President: Congressional Checks on Presidential Power

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691171852
eISBN:
9781400883639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171852.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores the forces driving variation in congressional willingness to use its investigative powers over time. Marshaling an original dataset identifying more than 11,900 days of ... More


Introduction: Assessing the Impact of Parties in the U.S. Senate

Nathan W. Monroe, Jason M. Roberts, and David W. Rohde

in Why Not Parties?: Party Effects in the United States Senate

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226534879
eISBN:
9780226534947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226534947.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

According to the conventional view of legislative organization and decision making in the U.S. Senate, party effects in the Senate is something of an oxymoron. While research on the House has been ... More


Back in the USSA: Joe McCarthy’s Mistranslations

Vera M. Kutzinski

in The Worlds of Langston Hughes: Modernism and Translation in the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451157
eISBN:
9780801466250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451157.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This chapter examines how Langston Hughes' “red” poetry caught the attention of the U.S. Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations of the Committee on Government Operations, chaired by Senator ... More


Bicameralism

Sanford Levinson

in Framed: America's 51 Constitutions and the Crisis of Governance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199890750
eISBN:
9780190260088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199890750.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines bicameralism in relation to legislation. More specifically, it considers why, both historically and at present, bicameralism may be viewed as a compelling way of organizing ... More


Data, Measurements, and Methodology

Kim L. Fridkin and Patrick J. Kenney

in Taking Aim at Attack Advertising: Understanding the Impact of Negative Campaigning in U.S. Senate Races

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190947569
eISBN:
9780190947606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947569.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter 2 presents the divergent data sets, collected in 2014, 2015, 2016, and 2017 and focusing primarily on the 2014 U.S. Senate campaigns, used to test the tolerance and tactics theory of ... More


Scoring the Senate: Scorecards, Parties, and Roll-Call Votes

Jason M. Roberts and Lauren Cohen Bell

in Why Not Parties?: Party Effects in the United States Senate

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226534879
eISBN:
9780226534947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226534947.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter compares the relative success of the majority party in the House and the Senate. After first discussing the theoretical underpinnings of the study, it analyzes the effects of legislative ... More


Kentucky’s “most distinguished woman citizen” 1919–1920

Melba Porter Hay

in Madeline McDowell Breckinridge and the Battle for a New South

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125329
eISBN:
9780813135236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125329.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Madeline Breckinridge became president again of KERA when it met in March 1919. She felt reinvigorated and eager to move forward for the cause of woman suffrage after being pronounced cured of ... More


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