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Nationality and Religion: Tyrol and Poland

Owen Chadwick

in A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The Tyrol in the nineteenth century maintained its Catholic identity, despite the complications of politics and opening up of communications. In Poland and Ukraine the Uniat church, which combined ... More


Forbidden Heights: Lost Mountains and the Violence of Alpine Anti-Semitism

Tait Keller

in Apostles of the Alps: Mountaineering and Nation Building in Germany and Austria, 1860-1939

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625034
eISBN:
9781469625058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625034.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Although the 1918 armistice established a military truce, culture wars continued to rage on the peaks for the next two decades. The tense situation in South Tyrol, now property of Italy, resulted in ... More


Cultural Confrontation

John W. Cole and Eric R. Wolf

in The Hidden Frontier: Ecology and Ethnicity in an Alpine Valley

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520216815
eISBN:
9780520922174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520216815.003.0011
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

This book has examined two communities in the Upper Anaunia: German-speaking St. Felix and Romance-speaking Tret. This chapter examines the ways in which contradictory political commitments pull ... More


The Forging of Tyrolese Identity

John W. Cole and Eric R. Wolf

in The Hidden Frontier: Ecology and Ethnicity in an Alpine Valley

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520216815
eISBN:
9780520922174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520216815.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

The ancient land of the Tyrol is poised upon both sides of the Brenner Pass, which now connects Austria and Italy across a narrow saddle at 1370 meters above sea level. This chapter examines the ... More


The Economic Development of the Rural Sector

John W. Cole and Eric R. Wolf

in The Hidden Frontier: Ecology and Ethnicity in an Alpine Valley

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520216815
eISBN:
9780520922174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520216815.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

This chapter provides a historical account of the economic forces at work in shaping the life of the mountain peasantry, and discusses the ways in which different forces molded the economic fate of ... More


History of an Upland Valley

John W. Cole and Eric R. Wolf

in The Hidden Frontier: Ecology and Ethnicity in an Alpine Valley

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520216815
eISBN:
9780520922174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520216815.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

This chapter attempts to state past happenings in the Anaunia proper, in order to sketch the historical background of the two communities studied in the field. The precise specification of events in ... More


Exploring linguistic awareness in third language use

Ulrike Jessner

in Linguistic Awareness in Multilinguals: English as a Third Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748619139
eISBN:
9780748671496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748619139.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

This chapter provides evidence of linguistic awareness as an essential component of multilingual proficiency. It begins with a review of some international studies on the multilingual lexicon, which ... More


Beyond the Nation: Making Heritage Inclusive

Johanna Mitterhofer

in Heritage at the Interface: Interpretation and Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813056579
eISBN:
9780813053349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056579.003.0010
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

In this chapter the author explores the effects of the exclusive potential of heritage in culturally heterogeneous European societies and investigates initiatives that seek to make heritage more ... More


Internationalized Minority Territorial Autonomy in Early Post-WWI Europe: The Limits and Possibilities of International Ethnic Diversity Governance

Susan J. Henders

in International Approaches to Governing Ethnic Diversity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199676583
eISBN:
9780191757211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676583.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

Many recent commentators have seen the League of Nations as a ‘golden age’ of international minority rights commitments. This chapter argues, however, that the 1919–24 decisions of international ... More


Keeping On

Cathy Curtis

in Alive Still: Nell Blaine, American Painter

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190908812
eISBN:
9780190908843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190908812.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

Nell made several visits to Griffin’s farmhouse in the Austrian Tyrol, capturing the glorious view in her paintings. Like all her trips abroad, they involved enormous preparatory efforts and airlines ... More


‘A New International Morality’: European Dictatorships and the Reordering of Nationalities

Matthew Frank

in Making Minorities History: Population Transfer in Twentieth-Century Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199639441
eISBN:
9780191779060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639441.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

This chapter looks at how the concept of population transfer was imported into central Europe by the Axis powers in the late 1930s. While the focus here is principally on negotiations between Italy ... More


Upper Germany in the Reign of Sigismund of Luxemburg, c. 1410–37

Duncan Hardy

in Associative Political Culture in the Holy Roman Empire: Upper Germany, 1346-1521

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198827252
eISBN:
9780191866180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827252.003.0011
Subject:
History, Political History, European Early Modern History

The second case study shows how associative political culture shaped Upper Germany during the reign of King/Emperor Sigismund (r. 1410/11–37). What marked out these decades from earlier and later ... More


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