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THE PROPERTY THEORY, TWIN EARTH, AND BELIEF ABOUT KINDS

Neil Feit

in Belief about the Self: A Defense of the Property Theory of Content

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195341362
eISBN:
9780199866922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341362.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers Twin Earth cases of the sort introduced by Hilary Putnam. The goal is to present a collection of answers to various metaphysical and semantic questions raised by these cases. ... More


The Internal and the External

Katalin Farkas

in The Subject's Point of View

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199230327
eISBN:
9780191710629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230327.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter introduces the Twin Earth argument for externalism about content. A precise definition of the external/internal distinction is sought by focusing on the relation between the twin ... More


Analytical Moral Functionalism Meets Moral Twin Earth

Terry Horgan and Mark Timmons

in Minds, Ethics, and Conditionals: Themes from the Philosophy of Frank Jackson

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199267989
eISBN:
9780191708268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267989.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In chapters 4 and 5 of his 1998 book From Metaphysics to Ethics: A Defence of Conceptual Analysis, Frank Jackson propounds and defends a form of moral realism that he calls both ‘moral functionalism’ ... More


Reference and Natural Kinds

Kent Bach

in Thought and Reference

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240778
eISBN:
9780191680267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240778.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

Burge interprets the thought experiment in a way that is even more radical than rejecting either the Fregean claim that meaning determines extension or the Fregean conception of meaning. Burge holds ... More


Externalist Cases and Internalist Theory

Joseph Mendola

in Anti-Externalism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534999
eISBN:
9780191715969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534999.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The dominant roots of externalism are the Twin Earth and Elm-Beech cases of Hilary Putnam, the Arthritis case of Tyler Burge, and the Feynman-Gell-Mann, Gödel-Schmidt, and Aristotle cases of Saul ... More


Unified Externalism

Michael Morris

in The Good and the True

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239444
eISBN:
9780191679919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239444.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

This chapter defines externalism and argues that it will count unified if there is no division within content. It also cites McGinn's ‘matching problem’. It argues that conceptualism requires ... More


Reference and Sense

Katalin Farkas

in The Subject's Point of View

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199230327
eISBN:
9780191710629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230327.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Even philosophers who are sympathetic to internalism believe that a full account of intentionality or representation requires two kinds of intentionality: phenomenal and externalistic; or two kinds ... More


Disagreement, Semantics, and Meta-Semantics

Billy Dunaway

in Reality and Morality

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198858256
eISBN:
9780191890628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198858256.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral Twin Earth thought experiments appear to show that practical language is highly stable, and that many possible users of practical language are capable of having genuine disagreements with each ... More


Realist Semantics and Content‐Ascription

Colin McGinn

in Knowledge and Reality: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251582
eISBN:
9780191598012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251584.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

McGinn's target is again Dummettian anti‐realism; this time he argues that Dummett's criticism of realist semantics rests on a questionable theory of content‐ascription. McGinn develops four Twin ... More


Semantic Externalism

István Aranyosi

in The Peripheral Mind: Philosophy of Mind and the Peripheral Nervous System

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199989607
eISBN:
9780199346349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989607.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Hilary Putnam’s “twin-earth” thought experiment is presented and analyzed. Arguments are presented both against internalism and against externalism as currently understood, namely, as a commitment to ... More


Conceptual Causation: Some Elementary Reflections

Colin McGinn

in Knowledge and Reality: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251582
eISBN:
9780191598012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251584.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Building on the ‘weak externalist’ position suggested in ‘The Structure of Content’ and developed in Mental Content, McGinn considers the topic of conceptual causation: in particular, the ... More


Anti-Individualism, Self-Knowledge, and Epistemic Possibility: Further Reflections on a Puzzle about Doubt

Gary Ebbs

in Self-Knowledge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199590728
eISBN:
9780191725456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590728.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that we cannot have any justification for believing that a given description of a possible world w that is subjectively indistinguishable to us from the actual world supports ... More


Failures of Stability

Billy Dunaway

in Reality and Morality

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198858256
eISBN:
9780191890628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198858256.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues against the Universal Disagreement thesis. Some possible communities use moral language, but do not have substantive disagreements with others who use their moral language ... More


Moral Language: The “Good” Rules

Paul Bloomfield

in Moral Reality

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137132
eISBN:
9780199833092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137132.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The semantics of “health” are discussed by way of Aquinas’ theory of analogical predication: “health” and “good” have the tripartite semantic structure in terms of a base use, causes, and signs. This ... More


Essence and Natural Kinds: When Science Meets Preschooler Intuition 1

Sarah-Jane Leslie

in Oxford Studies in Epistemology Volume 4

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199672707
eISBN:
9780191751905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672707.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One often ‘relies on intuitions’ in the course of an argument, but what is the epistemological status of these intuitions? Kripke and Putnam famously argued that natural kinds have essences, which ... More


The Metaethical Insignificance of Moral Twin Earth

J. L. Dowell

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics: 11

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198784647
eISBN:
9780191828775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784647.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What considerations place genuine constraints on an adequate semantics for normative and evaluative expressions? Linguists recognize facts about ordinary uses of such expressions and competent ... More


Knowing What One is Thinking

Robert C. Stalnaker

in Our Knowledge of the Internal World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199545995
eISBN:
9780191719929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545995.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The rejection of the thesis that we stand in an intimate relation of acquaintance to the contents of our thought leaves us with a familiar problem: to explain the sense in which we know what we are ... More


Alternative Normative Concepts

Matti Eklund

in Choosing Normative Concepts

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198717829
eISBN:
9780191787331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198717829.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is centered on the question of whether it is possible for there to be normative concepts with the same normative roles as ours but not coextensive with them. If this is possible, an ... More


Moral Arguments: Sovereignty, Feasibility, Agency, and Consequences

Daniel Kofman

in A Matter of Principle: Humanitarian Arguments for War in Iraq

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520244863
eISBN:
9780520932166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520244863.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter explores the two main areas of normative controversy giving rise to confusion in the antiwar movement: rights and duties concerning sovereignty, and agent-restrictive or consequentialist ... More


Semantic externalism

Tim Button

in The Limits of Realism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199672172
eISBN:
9780191758393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672172.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that semantic externalism falls out of our own practices of investigation and referring. This is no surprise: Putnam’s advocation of semantic externalism was always distinctly ... More


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