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 African Jews in Western and Central Africa

Edith Bruder

in The Black Jews of Africa: History, Religion, Identity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195333565
eISBN:
9780199868889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333565.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter surveys various groups in western and central Africa that self-proclaimed a Jewish identity. These include the Zakhor Jews of Timbuktu, Mali; the Igbo of Nigeria; the House of Israel of ... More


East-Central Africa

COLIN NEWBURY

in Patrons, Clients, and Empire: Chieftaincy and Over-rule in Asia, Africa, and the Pacific

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199257812
eISBN:
9780191717864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257812.003.08
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

The kingdoms of East-Central Africa provide examples of patrimonial states utilized for the purposes of European over-rule. In societies where political clientage was ubiquitous, the Kingdom of ... More


Burundi: The Long Sombre Shadow of Ethnic Instability

PATRICK D. GAFFNEY

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297406
eISBN:
9780191685330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Burundi's crisis started back on October 21, 1993, by reason of a failed coup d'etat – an attack made by the military officers on the newly elected officials of the government. Due to this violence ... More


Rwanda: The Social Roots of Genocide  

Peter Uvin

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297406
eISBN:
9780191685330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Over one million Tutsi children, women, men, and opposition politicians, were slaughtered on April 7, 1994, when a premeditated genocide started in Rwanda. That massive killing was the peak of a ... More


Rwanda Before the Genocide: Catholic Politics and Ethnic Discourse in the Late Colonial Era

J.J. Carney

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199982271
eISBN:
9780199367795
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199982271.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Between 1920 and 1994, the Catholic Church was Rwanda’s most dominant social and religious institution. In recent years, church leaders have been critiqued for their perceived complicity in the ... More


The Tutsi body in the 1994 genocide: ideology, physical destruction, and memory

Korman Rémi

in Destruction and human remains: Disposal and concealment in genocide and mass violence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719096020
eISBN:
9781781707876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096020.003.0010
Subject:
History, World Modern History

From 1994 onwards, bodies have been at the centre of the politics of memory surrounding the genocide of the Tutsi. As well as constituting evidence in forensic investigations, bodies are on display ... More


Contested Categories: A Brief History of “Hutu” and “Tutsi”

J. J. Carney

in Rwanda Before the Genocide: Catholic Politics and Ethnic Discourse in the Late Colonial Era

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199982271
eISBN:
9780199367795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199982271.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter analyzes the historiography surrounding Rwanda’s controversial “Hutu” and “Tutsi” categories. Carney considers the precolonial roots of these terms, the impact of the European “Hamitic ... More


The Catholic Church and Political Revolution in Rwanda, 1959–1962

J. J. Carney

in Rwanda Before the Genocide: Catholic Politics and Ethnic Discourse in the Late Colonial Era

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199982271
eISBN:
9780199367795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199982271.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The fifth chapter considers the Hutu uprisings of November 1959 and the Belgian-initiated political changes that culminated with the institution of a Hutu-dominated republic in 1962. Catholic ... More


The Catholic Church and Postcolonial Ethnic Violence

J. J. Carney

in Rwanda Before the Genocide: Catholic Politics and Ethnic Discourse in the Late Colonial Era

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199982271
eISBN:
9780199367795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199982271.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The sixth chapter considers Catholic hierarchical responses to government-orchestrated, anti-Tutsi violence in 1963–1964, 1973, and 1994. After a failed coup attempt by UNAR exiles in December 1963, ... More


‘Memory-Traces’ in the Work of Felwine Sarr and Bruce Clarke: What Stories of Change Can Commemorate the Genocide against the Tutsi?

Eloïse Brezault

in Rwanda Since 1994: Stories of Change

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781786941992
eISBN:
9781789623611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781786941992.003.0003
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter investigates two different and recent artistic projects that commemorated the Tutsi Genocide of 1994 in Rwanda from an external perspective, twenty years after: the play by Senegalese ... More


The Psychogenesis and Sociogenesis of Genocide in Rwanda

Augustine Brannigan

in Beyond the Banality of Evil: Criminology and Genocide

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199674626
eISBN:
9780191766893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674626.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The chapter applies the theoretical model to Rwanda. The perplexing features of the 1994 genocide include its speed, its widespread support among the Hutu majority, and the absence of widespread ... More


Using Household Data to Study the Economic Consequences of Violent Conflict: The Case of Rwanda

Marijke Verpoorten

in Guns and Butter: The Economic Causes and Consequences of Conflict

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012812
eISBN:
9780262255387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012812.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines the economic consequences of the violent conflict in Rwanda using household data. It analyzes the economic response of Rwandan households to the genocide that took place along ... More


Introduction

Nicki Hitchcott

in Rwanda Genocide Stories: Fiction After 1994

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781781381946
eISBN:
9781786945259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781381946.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

In this introductory chapter, Hitchcott provides the reader with the ‘master narrative’, a thorough contextual overview of the events surrounding the genocide that are essential to the reader’s ... More


Market Economies or Command Economies?

Susan Pedersen

in The Guardians: The League of Nations and the Crisis of Empire

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199570485
eISBN:
9780191773709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570485.003.0011
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Political History

The Covenant insisted that mandated territories be subject to the ‘open door’. All League states were to have equal economic rights in mandated territories; international conventions restricting the ... More


The BBC Hungarian Service and Rescue of Jews of Hungary, 1940–1945

Frank Chalk

in Resisting Genocide: The Multiple Forms of Rescue

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199333493
eISBN:
9780190235628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199333493.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on the role played by the BBC in the rescue of Jews in Hungary during World War II. More specifically, it argues that the BBC only warned Hungarian Jews of the fate that awaited ... More


Burundi

Miriam J. Anderson

in Windows of Opportunity: How Women Seize Peace Negotiations for Political Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190239534
eISBN:
9780190239558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190239534.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

This chapter charts the formation of a women’s movement in Burundi following the outbreak of violence in 1993 which sought to end the armed conflict and to participate in the peace negotiations and ... More


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