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Horror Vacui

Ozan O. Varol

in The Democratic Coup d'État

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190626013
eISBN:
9780190626051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190626013.003.0023
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

Nature, Aristotle said, abhors a vacuum. He argued that a vacuum, once formed, would be immediately filled by the dense material surrounding it. Aristotle’s insights into vacuums in the physical ... More


Foreign Affairs

Ozan O. Varol

in The Democratic Coup d'État

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190626013
eISBN:
9780190626051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190626013.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

At its core, democratization is a domestic phenomenon. This chapter argues, however, that external factors are not irrelevant to the internal democratization process. By their nature, militaries are ... More


Meritocracy and Nepotism

Ozan O. Varol

in The Democratic Coup d'État

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190626013
eISBN:
9780190626051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190626013.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

Some militaries value merit over accidents of birth. Advancement in these militaries is based largely on accomplishment, not nepotism. In a dictatorship, a merit-based system of military advancement ... More


An Army of Civilians

Ozan O. Varol

in The Democratic Coup d'État

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190626013
eISBN:
9780190626051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190626013.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

This chapter addresses two questions: Why are the armed forces of some states more inclined than others to shoot when the masses converge upon a public square? Why are some soldiers more likely to ... More


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