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Conclusion

Carole Hillenbrand

in Turkish Myth and Muslim Symbol: The Battle of Manzikert

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748625727
eISBN:
9780748671359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625727.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The book's short conclusion reminds the reader of how Manzikert is perceived, both by medieval Muslim and Byzantine chroniclers, as a pivotal event in the perennial conflict between Christianity and ... More


The Last of the Cold War

Michael Banton

in International Action against Racial Discrimination

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280613
eISBN:
9780191598760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280610.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

During the ten years from 1978, the conflict between the Eastern and Western blocs formed the political framework within which CERD had to operate. It was argued, on the one hand, that CERD could not ... More


Between Empire and Nation: Muslim Reform in the Balkans

Milena B. Methodieva

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781503613379
eISBN:
9781503614130
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503613379.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book tells the story of the Muslim community in modern Bulgaria during a period of imperial dissolution, conflicting national and imperial enterprises, and the emergence of new national and ... More


 “Halbasien” in Asia: East Meets West in Zionist Culture

Arieh Bruce Saposnik

in Becoming Hebrew: The Creation of a Jewish National Culture in Ottoman Palestine

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195331219
eISBN:
9780199868100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331219.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Beginning with the Young Turk revolution in 1908, this chapter examines the changing conceptions of East and West as they were manifested in Yishuv culture. Zionism's call for a Jewish return to “the ... More


 Bounding the Nation: Ethnic Selves and National Others in Yishuv Culture

Arieh Bruce Saposnik

in Becoming Hebrew: The Creation of a Jewish National Culture in Ottoman Palestine

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195331219
eISBN:
9780199868100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331219.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Continuing with the theme of Orient and Occident in Zionist culture, this chapter examines the ways in which competing conceptions helped determine the role of Oriental Jews and Palestinian Arabs in ... More


Down and Out: The Children of Migrant Workers in the Belgian Labour Market

KAREN PHALET

in Unequal Chances: Ethnic Minorities in Western Labour Markets

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263860
eISBN:
9780191734953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263860.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Belgium has three major ethnic minorities – Italians, Moroccans, and Turks – originating from guest workers who arrived in the post-war period. These groups continue to experience significant ethnic ... More


Educational Hurdles on the Way to Structural Assimilation in Germany

KALTER FRANK and NADIA GRANATO

in Unequal Chances: Ethnic Minorities in Western Labour Markets

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263860
eISBN:
9780191734953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263860.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

There are five major groups of classic ‘labour migrants’ in Germany: Greeks, Italians, (ex-)Yugoslavs, Turks, and Iberians, with the Turks being the largest single group. Today, there are significant ... More


Articulation and Phrasing

Clive Brown

in Classical and Romantic Performing Practice 1750-1900

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198161653
eISBN:
9780191716263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198161653.003.0005
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This chapter looks at the ways in which articulation and phrasing were either indicated by the composer, or expected to be provided by the performer on the basis of experience and musicality. ... More


Seventh‐Century Eastern Sources II: The History to the Year 682 and the Khuzistan Chronicle

James Howard‐Johnston

in Witnesses to a World Crisis: Historians and Histories of the Middle East in the Seventh Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199208593
eISBN:
9780191594182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208593.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

A second seventh‐century Armenian history, dating from soon after 682, is disinterred from the universal history of Caucasian Albania, put together by Movses Daskhurants'i in the tenth century. Like ... More


The Three Turks

Norman Housley

in Religious Warfare in Europe 1400-1536

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199552283
eISBN:
9780191716515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552283.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The dominant reference point in religious warfare in the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries was the Turk, and this chapter argues that ‘Turkishness’ was a multifaceted and changing identity. For ... More


Turks, Northerners, and the Barbarous Heretic

Christopher Highley

in Catholics Writing the Nation in Early Modern Britain and Ireland

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199533404
eISBN:
9780191714726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533404.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Turks, Northerners, and the Barbarous Heretic focuses on the connections forged in Catholic texts between Protestant heretics and Turkish infidels — an analogy that reversed Protestant accusations ... More


The Minority and Demographic Questions

R. J. Crampton

in Bulgaria

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199541584
eISBN:
9780191719325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541584.003.0016
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Article 57 of the Tŭrnovo Constitution promised all Bulgarian citizens equality before the law, while Article 61 gave freedom to any slave the moment he or she set foot on Bulgarian territory. Ever ... More


The Ottoman Conquest in Europe

John Tolan, Gilles Veinstein, and Henry Laurens

in Europe and the Islamic World: A History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147055
eISBN:
9781400844753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147055.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter retraces the shared history between the Ottoman Empire and Europe. Focusing on the Ottoman conquest in Europe, the chapter describes the events by which the history of Europe became ... More


The First Blows to European Domination

John Tolan, Gilles Veinstein, and Henry Laurens

in Europe and the Islamic World: A History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147055
eISBN:
9781400844753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147055.003.0016
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter chronicles the initial wave of revolutionary fervor in the Muslim world. It first looks at Persia, the first revolutionary Muslim tendencies arose. Moreover, in the early twentieth ... More


English, Irish and Scots in mainland European armies

Roger B. Manning

in An Apprenticeship in Arms: The Origins of the British Army 1585-1702

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199261499
eISBN:
9780191718625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261499.003.0013
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

At the Restoration, there were limited places for Cromwellian and Cavalier veterans in the standing armies of the Three Kingdoms. Consequently, there was a considerable exodus of professional ... More


Pet Balkan People

David Roessel

in In Byron's Shadow: Modern Greece in the English and American Imagination

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195143867
eISBN:
9780199871872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143867.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

Given that the rhetoric about Greece had been established by Byron, this chapter argues that the only real developments on the perception of the Greeks since were an expansion of that Byronic ... More


The Plan for the Homogenization of Anatolia

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter explores the fundamental characteristics of the overall plan for the “homogenization” of Anatolia. Having initially devised and implemented a plan before the First World War to free ... More


Before They Became Turks: Immigration, Political Economy, and Identity in the Pre‐war South Marmara

Ryan Gingeras

in Sorrowful Shores: Violence, Ethnicity, and the End of the Ottoman Empire 1912-1923

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199561520
eISBN:
9780191721076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561520.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter begins by taking up the constitution and ideology of the Ottoman Muslim elite at the outset of the First World War. After coming to power in 1908, the newly formed government under the ... More


Homeland, Nation, and Community

Milena B. Methodieva

in Between Empire and Nation: Muslim Reform in the Balkans

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781503613379
eISBN:
9781503614130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503613379.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The chapter explores the emergence of new ideas about community and belonging among Bulgaria’s Muslims. For many reformist Muslims the homeland was the most sacred ideal; it could be Bulgaria, the ... More


The Metaphysics of Partition, 1 July–4 December 1958

Robert Holland

in Britain and the Revolt in Cyprus, 1954-1959

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205388
eISBN:
9780191676604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205388.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the intensification of the inter-communal struggle between the Greek and Turks in Cyprus during the period from July to December 1958. In June 1958, the Turkish-Cypriot ... More


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