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Turing's Test

Donald Davidson

in Problems of Rationality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780198237549
eISBN:
9780191601378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237545.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Finds fault with Turing's answer to the question, ‘Can a computer think’? Turing believed that if the answers given by a computer and a person leave an interpreter unable to discriminate between ... More


The Space of Crime

Ned Schantz

in Gossip, Letters, Phones: The Scandal of Female Networks in Film and Literature

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195335910
eISBN:
9780199868902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335910.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies, Women's Literature

This chapter considers how a cultural insistence on confined space emerges in direct proportion to the manifest range or intensity of female networking. Beginning with the tradition of the locked ... More


ENGINEERING MORALITY

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A framework is provided for understanding the trajectory toward increasingly sophisticated artificial moral agents, emphasizing two dimensions: autonomy and sensitivity to morally relevant facts. ... More


CAN (RO)BOTS REALLY BE MORAL?

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

How closely could artificial agents, lacking human qualities such as consciousness and emotions, come to being considered moral agents? Chapter 4 begins by discussing the issue of whether a “mere” ... More


Learning Action-Perception Cycles in Robotics: A Question of Representations and Embodiment

Jeannette Bohg and Danica Kragic

in The Pragmatic Turn: Toward Action-Oriented Views in Cognitive Science

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262034326
eISBN:
9780262333290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034326.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Since the 1950s, robotics research has sought to build a general-purpose agent capable of autonomous, open-ended interaction with realistic, unconstrained environments. Cognition is perceived to be ... More


Can Computers Really Think?

Levesque Hector J.

in Thinking as Computation: A First Course

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016995
eISBN:
9780262301411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016995.003.0012
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter explores the philosophical question of whether computers can really think. It considers the Turing Test and Searle's Chinese Room argument. It suggests that regardless of one's position ... More


Algorithms, Agents, and Ontologies

Paul Kockelman

in The Art of Interpretation in the Age of Computation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780190636531
eISBN:
9780190636562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190636531.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter details the inner workings of spam filters, algorithmic devices that separate desirable messages from undesirable messages. It argues that such filters are a particularly important kind ... More


It’s Got to Be Human!

Michael Tye

in Tense Bees and Shell-Shocked Crabs: Are Animals Conscious?

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190278014
eISBN:
9780190278045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190278014.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Moral Philosophy

Historically, major intellectual figures, most notably Rene Descartes, have been committed to the claim that only humans can have experiences. Radical conservatism of this sort is a mistake. The ... More


Testing the Moral Status of Artificial Beings; or “I’m Going to Ask You Some Questions …”

Michael LaBossiere

in Robot Ethics 2.0: From Autonomous Cars to Artificial Intelligence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190652951
eISBN:
9780190652982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190652951.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

While sophisticated artificial beings are still the stuff of science fiction, it is reasonable to address the challenge of determining the moral status of such systems now. Since humans have spent ... More


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