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Divided by Blood: The Graysons and the End of the Creek Nation

Claudio Saunt

in Black, White, and Indian: Race and the Unmaking of an American Family

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176315
eISBN:
9780199788972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176315.003.0009
Subject:
History, Social History

The Dawes Act and allotment brought an end to the Creek Nation. Although both Creeks and black Indians struggled to hold onto their land, those with lighter skin were relatively better off. The oil ... More


Conclusion

Lee E. Williams and Lee E. Williams

in Anatomy of Four Race Riots: Racial Conflict in Knoxville, Elaine (Arkansas), Tulsa, and Chicago, 1919-1921

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604731903
eISBN:
9781604738209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604731903.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This book has examined the racial riots that erupted in four different communities of America in the years after World War I: Knoxville in Tennessee, Elaine in Arkansas, Tulsa in Oklahoma, and ... More


The Tulsa Riot

Lee E. Williams and Lee E. Williams

in Anatomy of Four Race Riots: Racial Conflict in Knoxville, Elaine (Arkansas), Tulsa, and Chicago, 1919-1921

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604731903
eISBN:
9781604738209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604731903.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

In May 1921, a racial riot erupted due to a distorted and exaggerated report of a white woman employed as an elevator operator. At the time of the rioting, Tulsa was a boom town languishing in crime ... More


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