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n i n e The Newtonian Program of thePrize Essay and Kant's Crisis The Struggle for Freedom

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores the aftermath of Only Possible Argument and the Prize Essay (1764). Section 1 examines the curious preface of Kant’s third book, the exchange with Mendelssohn, and Kant’s ... More


The Halle Orphanage as Scientific Community: Observation, Eclecticism, and Pietism in the Early Enlightenment

Kelly Joan Whitmer

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226243771
eISBN:
9780226243801
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226243801.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Observing at the Orphanage uncovers the crucial contributions of Halle’s Orphanage to the broader scientific enterprise of the early eighteenth century. Founded by a group of German Lutherans known ... More


Leibniz, Spinoza, and Tschirnhaus: Metaphysics à Trois, 1675–1676

Mark A. Kulstad

in Spinoza: Metaphysical Themes

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195128154
eISBN:
9780199786008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512815X.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay explores the philosophical relationship of Spinoza and Leibniz. It argues that the relationship is best viewed as three-cornered metaphysical transaction beginning with Spinoza, continuing ... More


The Multifaceted Structure of Ideas and the Priority of Thought

Yitzhak Y. Melamed

in Spinoza's Metaphysics: Substance and Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780195394054
eISBN:
9780199347476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394054.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

The clarification and setting apart of the two doctrines of parallelism (see Chapter Five) puts me in a position to present my second major thesis and address one of the most interesting and ... More


Building a Scientific Community

Kelly Joan Whitmer

in The Halle Orphanage as Scientific Community: Observation, Eclecticism, and Pietism in the Early Enlightenment

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226243771
eISBN:
9780226243801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226243801.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the efforts of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus and the first director of the Orphanage, August Hermann Francke, to devise a “new way” to teach ... More


Leibniz on Spinoza’s Tractatus de Intellectus Emendatione

Mogens Lærke

in The Young Spinoza: A Metaphysician in the Making

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199971657
eISBN:
9780199346127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199971657.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter studies Leibniz’s engagement with the Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect (TIE). In May 1678, Leibniz wrote to his friend Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus: “Surely you do not ... More


The Young Spinoza and the Vatican Manuscript of Spinoza’s Ethics

Pina Totaro

in The Young Spinoza: A Metaphysician in the Making

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199971657
eISBN:
9780199346127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199971657.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The manuscript of Spinoza’s Ethics, recently found in the Vatican Library of the Vatican City, contains some useful elements for a better understanding of intellectual biography and philosophy of the ... More


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