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FILP under Stress

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0028
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The original purpose of Japan's Fiscal Investment Loan Programme (FILP) was to contribute to fixed capital formation by allocating funds to dedicated functional organizations at the national, ... More


Chapter Chapter Market Innovations to Better Allocate Generational Risk

Salvador Valdés‐Prieto

in Restructuring Retirement Risks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204656
eISBN:
9780191603822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204659.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Mandatory old-age benefit programs tend to require periodic adjustments as a result of demographic and economic shocks. However, such discretionary adjustments create political risk for workers and ... More


Domestic Constituencies Speak: The End of Fixed Parity and the Rise of Development Lending

Kathryn C. Lavelle

in Legislating International Organization: The US Congress, the IMF, and the World Bank

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199765348
eISBN:
9780199918959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765348.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the development stage of the relationship between the IMF and World Bank, when the work of both converged on lending in developing countries. The primary exogenous shock came ... More


Child Future Savings Account: Social Security for Children

Duncan Lindsey

in The Welfare of Children

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195136715
eISBN:
9780199894079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136715.003.0013
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Social Policy

This chapter proposes a “social savings” approach that would break the continuing “cycle of poverty” among children. This is essentially the same approach that was used to end poverty among the ... More


‘About the most dangerous of all these organisations’: The Czech Refugee Trust Fund

Charmian Brinson and Richard Dove

in A matter of intelligence: MI5 and the surveillance of anti-Nazi refugees, 1933-50

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719090790
eISBN:
9781781707357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719090790.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter examines the Czech Refugee Trust Fund (CRTF), originally set up by the British government after the Munich Agreement as the British Committee for Refugees from Czechoslovakia in October ... More


Great Outdoors Colorado

Richard B. Collins, Dale A. Oesterle, and Lawrence Friedman

in The Colorado State Constitution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780190907723
eISBN:
9780190907754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190907723.003.0027
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter explores Article XXVII of the Colorado Constitution, titled “Great Outdoors Colorado.” The article was added in 1992 to earmark all state lottery proceeds for wildlife, parks, and ... More


Change Research: A Case Study on Collaborative Methods for Social Workers and Advocates

Corey Shdaimah, Roland Stahl, and Sanford Schram

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231151795
eISBN:
9780231525367
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231151795.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Collaborating with community members adds a critical dimension to social work research, providing practitioners with intimate knowledge of a community's goals and needs while equipping community ... More


Our Troubled Highway System

Robert W. Poole Jr.

in Rethinking America's Highways: A 21st-Century Vision for Better Infrastructure

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226557571
eISBN:
9780226557601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226557601.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Highway users face chronic congestion, rough roads, and deficient bridges. This chapter provides a capsule history of U.S. highway funding and management. It compares highways with other vital public ... More


Where America’s 20th-Century Highway Model Came From

Robert W. Poole Jr.

in Rethinking America's Highways: A 21st-Century Vision for Better Infrastructure

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226557571
eISBN:
9780226557601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226557601.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

19th-century highways were mostly private turnpikes. The “good roads” movement led to some early 20th-century federal funding. Tolls were used mostly by public toll authorities. The 1956 Interstate ... More


The Structure, Financing, and Processes of Federally Mandated Comparative Effectiveness Research and Why They Matter

Carol M. Ashton and Nelda P. Wray

in Comparative Effectiveness Research: Evidence, Medicine, and Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199968565
eISBN:
9780199346080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199968565.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Throughout the legislative odyssey of federal policy on comparative effectiveness research from 2002 to 2008, the specifics of the policy took many different forms. While opponents to ... More


Redistributing Gender Justice at the International Criminal Court

Louise Chappell

in The Politics of Gender Justice at the International Criminal Court: Legacies and Legitimacy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199927890
eISBN:
9780190279585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199927890.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter outlines gender justice actors’ imprint on the Rome Statute’s restorative justice provisions and the implementation and interpretation of these formal rules in practice. It draws on ... More


The Changing Hawaiian Islands

Sandra E. Bonura

in Light in the Queen's Garden: Ida May Pope, Pioneer for Hawai'i's Daughters, 1862-1914

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780824866440
eISBN:
9780824876890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824866440.003.0018
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Ida Pope’s first-hand account of the years that brought her pupils into womanhood during the loss of their kingdom tells an important story about the Hawaiians and a rapidly changing world. Pope ... More


Introduction

Corey S. Shdaimah, Roland W. Stahl, and Sanford F. Schram

in Change Research: A Case Study on Collaborative Methods for Social Workers and Advocates

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231151795
eISBN:
9780231525367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231151795.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This book demonstrates how collaborative research can be made more centrally part of the effort by social work and related fields to change society for the better. Drawing on the experiences of ... More


Introduction to the Debate Over Alternatives to the Current Disability Standard and Program

Jon C. Dubin

in Social Security Disability Law and the American Labor Market

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9781479811014
eISBN:
9781479811045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479811014.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

Chapter 11 evaluate the literature and policy studies and resulting proposals, including one from the former Deputy Commissioner for Disability Policy Marc Warshawsky, to alter the SSA disability ... More


Financial inclusion and saving

Rajiv Prabhakar

in Financial Inclusion: Critique and Alternatives

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781447345466
eISBN:
9781447355960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447345466.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines policy agendas associated with financial inclusion. There are many possible agendas associated with financial inclusion, but the chapter looks at savings as this has been the ... More


Amendments to Simplify Work Adjustment Assessments by Restricting Eligibility: The Elimination of Labor Market and Vocational Factors

Jon C. Dubin

in Social Security Disability Law and the American Labor Market

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9781479811014
eISBN:
9781479811045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479811014.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

Chapter 12 includes examination of the validity and soundness of assumptions about the Social Security Disability Insurance Trust Fund’s insolvency or solvency; the prevalence of disability benefit ... More


The Disability Benefits Reform Debate

Jon C. Dubin

in Social Security Disability Law and the American Labor Market

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9781479811014
eISBN:
9781479811045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479811014.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

Warshawsky and Marchand have also argued that their proposal is necessitated by budgetary concerns around the depletion of the social security trust fund, the social undesirability of high and ... More


Reflections on the Habré Appeals Decision

Judge Ouagadeye Wafi

in The President on Trial: Prosecuting Hissène Habré

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198858621
eISBN:
9780191890819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198858621.003.0022
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter offers reflections of EAC Appeals Judge Ouagadeye Wafi, who discusses producing the highly anticipated appeals decision. Specifically, he comments on the challenge of ruling on multiple ... More


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