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Elite and Society

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The Central Committee was never a ‘representative’ elite. Like other revolutionary elites, it was disproportionately male and well educated; but it was generally more representative of the mass ... More


Modernism, Internationalism and the Russian Revolution

David Ayers

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780748647330
eISBN:
9781474453820
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748647330.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

Modernism, Internationalism and the Russian Revolution examines responses to the Russian Revolution and the formation of the League of Nations in literature and journalism in the years following ... More


Totalitarian Millennialism: The Bolshevik Apocalypse (1917–1935 ce)

Richard Landes

in Heaven on Earth: The Varieties of the Millennial Experience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199753598
eISBN:
9780199897445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753598.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter traces how the dynamics of apocalyptic disappointment, led millennial ideologues (Bakùnin, Lenin, and Trotsky) to turn the politique du pire into coercive purity, setting the stage for a ... More


Max Eastman: A Life

Christoph Irmscher

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300222562
eISBN:
9780300227758
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300222562.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The definitive biography of radical activist, poet, editor, and public intellectual Max Eastman (1883–1969), based on unrestricted access to the Eastman family archive. Considered one of the “hottest ... More


Democracy and State Power

Marc Mulholland

in Bourgeois Liberty and the Politics of Fear: From Absolutism to Neo-Conservatism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199653577
eISBN:
9780191744594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653577.003.0009
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Ideas

The arrival of mass suffrage, in countries with governments responsible or irresponsible to elected parliaments, gave rise either to ‘umbrella’ pan-class parties, or sectional parties of class or ... More


Arrival in Russia and America

David Wingeate Pike

in In the Service of Stalin: The Spanish Communists in Exile, 1939-1945

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203155
eISBN:
9780191675751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203155.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the Spanish refugees in Russia by category; Committee meetings with the Comintern; the fate of the children and their teachers; the PCE leaders; the Spanish refugees in the ... More


The POUM and the Trotskyists

Burnett Bolloten

in The Spanish Civil War: Revolution and Counterrevolution

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624464
eISBN:
9781469624488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624464.003.0040
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter looks at the activities of the Partido Obrero de Unificación Marxista (POUM) in the Catalan political arena, as well as its efforts to dissociate itself from Trotskyist accusations. ... More


Introduction

Sabine Dullin

in Men of Influence: Stalin's Diplomats in Europe, 1930-1939

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748622191
eISBN:
9780748651290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748622191.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The political history of the Soviet Union has for a long time been disembodied because of a lack of archive material, apart from the omnipresent figures of Stalin and his rival Leon Trotsky. Behind ... More


Malyutochka

Christoph Irmscher

in Max Eastman: A Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300222562
eISBN:
9780300227758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300222562.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In 1922, Max Eastman travels to Europe to take part in the Genoa Conference, where he meets his future wife, Eliena Krylenko, sister to Nikolai Krylenko, later Stalin’s Commissar of Justice. A ... More


Clare Sheridan: A Sculptor in the Kremlin

David Ayers

in Modernism, Internationalism and the Russian Revolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780748647330
eISBN:
9781474453820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748647330.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter narrates the visit to Moscow of the sculptor Clare Sheridan, cousin of Winston Churchill, who caused a scandal when she accepted an invitation to the Kremlin to create busts of the ... More


The Criterion, the English Trotsky and the Idea of Europe

David Ayers

in Modernism, Internationalism and the Russian Revolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780748647330
eISBN:
9781474453820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748647330.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter narrates the moment in which T.S. Eliot came to identify the Russian Revolution as the main event of the war and the motive for a re-evaluation of Europe’s position in the world. Eliot’s ... More


Trotsky in Mexico: Artists United, Artists Divided, 1930–1940

Stephanie J. Smith

in The Power and Politics of Art in Postrevolutionary Mexico

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635682
eISBN:
9781469635699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635682.003.0004
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Chapter Three focuses on the ongoing debates between Diego Rivera and David Alfaro Siqueiros, including their central disagreements over Leon Trotsky and his significance to global revolution, to ... More


The “Tragedy of Organization”

in Philip Selznick: Ideals in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804744751
eISBN:
9780804783743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804744751.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter considers the two major influences on Selznick's early thought about politics and sociology: Leon Trotsky and Robert Michels. Trotsky represented both the incarnation and the failure of ... More


Revolution from the Inside: Trotsky's Conception of the Process

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

One reason why Russian radicals were interested in Marxism at the turn of the century was the attraction of its quasi-scientific laws of progress towards utopia, even though the doctrine was ... More


Socialist Alternatives in the Crisis of 1921

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0014
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Russian revolutions of 1917 were driven by socialism, embraced by revolutionaries of whatever party affiliation as a utopian antithesis to present reality rather than a projected set of ... More


Trotsky on Democracy and Bureaucracy

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0016
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Leon Trotsky was a fierce enemy of Leninism prior to the Russian Revolution, but also its most ardent exponent in the revolution and in the civil war. His political outlook changed dramatically ... More


The Left Opposition as an Alternative to Stalinism

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0017
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Both Western historians and Soviet writers have often considered Leon Trotsky and Trotskyism as the forerunner of Stalinism rather than an alternative to it. According to this interpretation, Joseph ... More


The Communist Oppositions and Post-Stalinist Reform

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0035
Subject:
History, European Modern History

During the first dozen years of Soviet rule, the Communist oppositions encompassed all the waves of criticism in the Bolshevik/Communist Party that resisted the decisions and policies of Vladimir ... More


Past and Present

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0036
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The collapse of Communism in the Soviet Union in 1991 and the disintegration of the Russian Empire have forced a reconsideration of Russian history. There are different interpretations of the now ... More


The Grand Surprise and Soviet Studies

Robert Daniels

in The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106497
eISBN:
9780300134933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106497.003.0037
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The academic pursuit known as “Sovietology” failed to predict the collapse of Communism in the Soviet Union in 1991. Sovietology is the specialized study of the Soviet Union from the standpoint of ... More


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