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Byzantium and the Crusader States from ad 1096 to 1204: Summary

Ralph-Johannes Lilie

in Byzantium and the Crusader States 1096–1204

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204077
eISBN:
9780191676116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204077.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The extent of Byzantine rule and the possibilities for Byzantine influence in Syria and Palestine in the 12th century do not accord well with the degree of energy the Greeks expended in this area. In ... More


Religion and the Federal Government

Matthew L. Harris and Thomas S. Kidd

in The Founding Fathers and the Debate over Religion in Revolutionary America: A History in Documents

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195326499
eISBN:
9780199918188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326499.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter presents the following documents: Congressional Chaplains, 1789; George Washington's Thanksgiving Proclamation, 1789; George Washington's Farewell Address, 1796; the Treaty of Tripoli, ... More


Middle Eastern Berlin

Ronen Steinke

in Anna and Dr Helmy: How an Arab Doctor Saved a Jewish Girl in Hitler's Berlin

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2022
ISBN:
9780192893369
eISBN:
9780191953125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192893369.003.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter begins by describing Dr. Mohamed Helmy’s Muslim assistant, who was observed as a woman with fair-skin, round face, and intelligent eyes when Gestapo barged into the doctor’s practice in ... More


Pitigliano, Maryland? Travelling Memories and Moments of Truth

Barbara Spadaro

in Transcultural Italies: Mobility, Memory and Translation

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781789622553
eISBN:
9781800852099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789622553.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

Pitigliano is the birthplace of Giannetto Paggi (1852–1916), a Jewish teacher who opened the first Italian school in Tripoli and was celebrated as ‘the pioneer of Italian civilization in Libya’ in ... More


Diplomatic Divergence

Joshua M. White

in Piracy and Law in the Ottoman Mediterranean

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781503602526
eISBN:
9781503603929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503602526.003.0005
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter discusses the political and religious-legal challenge that North African corsairs posed to the Ottoman treaty regime in a post–“Northern Invasion” Mediterranean, and explores the reasons ... More


Conclusion

Joshua M. White

in Piracy and Law in the Ottoman Mediterranean

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781503602526
eISBN:
9781503603929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503602526.003.0008
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The conclusion recapitulates the book’s key arguments, fast-forwarding to the mid-eighteenth century to test the assertion that the Ottoman Mediterranean was a legal space, defined in large part by ... More


Changing Patterns of the Slave Trade, 1759–1814

Ismael M. Montana

in The Abolition of Slavery in Ottoman Tunisia

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780813044828
eISBN:
9780813046419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044828.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Chapter 3 argues that, as with other sectors, the caravan slave trade was influenced by the Husaynid beys' economic reforms and the desire to capitalize on expanding European trade. It shows how ... More


Prelude: A Time Before Strategy?

Steve Tibble

in The Crusader Strategy: Defending the Holy Land

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780300253115
eISBN:
9780300256291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300253115.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter describes a time before strategy, when the lands of the Middle East were intensely fractured, and trust and loyalty were scarce commodities. It looks at a time when self-interest was ... More


The Alawis in the Ottoman Period

Stefan Winter

in The Alawis of Syria: War, Faith and Politics in the Levant

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190458119
eISBN:
9780190618520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190458119.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

The history of the Alawis in the Ottoman period is usually presented as one of discrimination, impoverishment and constant persecution. This contribution, rather than relying on the narrative ... More


The Alawis of Tripoli: Identity, Violence and Urban Geopolitics

Craig Larkin and Olivia Midha

in The Alawis of Syria: War, Faith and Politics in the Levant

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190458119
eISBN:
9780190618520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190458119.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter explores the embattled existence and contested identities of Lebanon's Alawi community in Tripoli. It focuses on the entrenched hilltop enclave of Jabal Mohsen, perched above its ... More


The Energy Crisis

Giuliano Garavini

in The Rise and Fall of OPEC in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198832836
eISBN:
9780191871306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832836.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History, World Modern History

Chapter 4 describes the rapid shift from a “consumer” to a “producer” market at the end of the 1960s. This shift was characterized by the radicalization of the political and social climate in most ... More


Frankish Expansion

Nicholas Morton

in The Crusader States and their Neighbours: A Military History, 1099-1187

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198824541
eISBN:
9780191863325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824541.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, Military History

Chapter 1, Frankish Expansion, explores the chaotic years following the departure of the First Crusaders. In this period, the Frankish settlers who chose to remain and defend the newly-founded ... More


Early Modern Period (1500–1800 CE)

Felix Arnold

in Islamic Palace Architecture in the Western Mediterranean: A History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190624552
eISBN:
9780190624576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190624552.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter surveys the limited evidence on Islamic palatial architecture in the Western Mediterranean during the Early Modern Period. Northern Africa was weakly incorporated into the Ottoman Empire ... More


The Philippines: Peace Talks and Autonomy in Mindanao

Bryony Lau

in Territory and Power in Constitutional Transitions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198836544
eISBN:
9780191873737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198836544.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines how political interests in Mindanao and in Manila have made it difficult to resolve the territorial cleavage in southern Philippines, even though the 1987 Constitution ... More


Tripoli Falls, and Gaddafi With It

Rob Weighill and Florence Gaub

in The Cauldron: NATO's Campaign in Libya

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190916220
eISBN:
9780190943196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190916220.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

As the rebel net tightened around the loyalist forces and Gaddafi lost Tripoli, this chapter provides an account of the final days of the regime and its unsuccessful struggle to maintain power. NATO ... More


Constitutionalism and Islam in Libya

Karim Mezran

in Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries: Between Upheaval and Continuity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199759880
eISBN:
9780190259921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199759880.003.0028
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter explores the deep and slow currents that have permeated Libyan society as it has evolved in the last century. It starts with a brief discussion of the debate surrounding the constitution ... More


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