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Atrocity in Arcadia: Wounds, Women, and the Face of Trauma in

Patricia A. Cahill

in Unto the Breach: Martial Formations, Historical Trauma, and the Early Modern Stage

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199212057
eISBN:
9780191705830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212057.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Drama, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter turns from abstraction to the matter of fleshly bodies and traumatic representation. It shows how, long before 19th‐century discourses of shellshock, the Elizabethan theater represented ... More


Who Killed Betty Gail Brown?: Murder, Mistrial, and Mystery

Robert G. Lawson

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813174624
eISBN:
9780813174655
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813174624.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Betty Gail Brown was nineteen years old in 1961. A second-year student at Transylvania University. On the evening of October 26, 1961, she drove to campus to study with friends for an exam. Around ... More


The first modern giant

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Galileo was the first scientist to bring together all the elements that characterize modern science and split the entire history of science in two. He gave the first correct mathematical description ... More


Mencken: The American Iconoclast

Marion Elizabeth Rodgers

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195072389
eISBN:
9780199787982
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195072389.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Mencken believed that the Constitution and Bill of Rights were sacred documents that set clear lines of demarcation that no government should trespass. “The two main ideas that run through all of my ... More


The Scarlet Gene: Behavioral Genetics, Criminal Law, and Racial and Ethnic Stigma

Karen Rothenberg and Alice Wang

in The Impact of Behavioral Sciences on Criminal Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195340525
eISBN:
9780199867219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340525.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter contains six parts. Part I summarizes the Genes on Trial program and introduces the issues raised by it. Part II explains why behavioral genetics research tends to focus on discrete and ... More


The American Occupation: The New Constitution and the Tokyo War Crimes Trial

CHUSHICHI TSUZUKI

in The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205890
eISBN:
9780191676840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205890.003.0016
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Political History

This chapter describes the new constitution and the Tokyo War Crimes Trial. It talks about the ‘unconditional’ surrender. It also presents some characteristics of the reform period of the American ... More


Engines of Truth: Producing Veracity in the Victorian Courtroom

Wendie E Schneider

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300125665
eISBN:
9780300216554
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300125665.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Engines of Truth explores the history of nineteenth-century British trial procedure from the novel viewpoint of efforts to control perjury. Perjury emerged as an acute problem in the Victorian era: ... More


Detection of Concealed Stored Memories with Psychophysiological and Neuroimaging Methods

J. Peter Rosenfeld, Gershon Ben-Shakhar, and Giorgio Ganis

in Memory and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199920754
eISBN:
9780199950133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199920754.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Forensic Psychology

This chapter describes the use of three types of physiological measures used to detect concealed memories. These measures may be utilized by legal authorities to detect involvement in criminal and ... More


The Gentlemanly Art of Cross-examination

Wendie Ellen Schneider

in Engines of Truth: Producing Veracity in the Victorian Courtroom

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300125665
eISBN:
9780300216554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300125665.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter looks at the steady augmentation of the barrister’s role as guarantor of testimonial accuracy. Developments in the law of evidence, shifts in power between barristers and trial judges, ... More


Resisting Philip

Ian Worthington

in Demosthenes of Athens and the Fall of Classical Greece

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199931958
eISBN:
9780199980628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931958.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter examines the uneasy aftermath of the Peace of Philocrates, Philip's plans to amend the peace, and Demosthenes' adverse reaction to them in his next political speeches as well as his ... More


From the IMT to the Zonal Trials

Kevin Jon Heller

in The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199554317
eISBN:
9780191728624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554317.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter focuses on the creation of the OCC, the organization responsible for overseeing the twelve Nuremberg Military Tribunal (NMT) trials. Section 1 discusses the approval of JCS 1023/10, the ... More


The OCC and the Tribunals

Kevin Jon Heller

in The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199554317
eISBN:
9780191728624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554317.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter discusses the structure of the Nuremberg Military Tribunals (NMTs), which conducted the twelve NMT trials. Section 1 examines Ordinance No. 7, the military directive that established the ... More


Malcolm Lowry, Under the Volcano (1947): singular experiences

Steven Earnshaw

in The existential drinker

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780719099618
eISBN:
9781526141934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719099618.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Malcolm Lowry’s Under the Volcano places the committed drinker, in the form of ex-Consul Geoffrey Firmin, in the Mexican ‘Day of the Dead’ festival, so that the main character encounters ‘hell’ in ... More


Japan: Confronting the Nanjing Massacre

Takashi Yoshida

in The Making of "The Rape of Nanking": History and Memory in Japan, China, and the United States

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195180961
eISBN:
9780199869633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195180961.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter analyzes the history and memory of the Nanjing Massacre in Japan from 1945 to 1971. The social and political reforms imposed by the American occupation deeply influenced Japanese ... More


Cross-National Fragmentation, 1945–1964

Hiro Saito

in The History Problem: The Politics of War Commemoration in East Asia

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780824856748
eISBN:
9780824873714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824856748.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

Between 1945 and 1964, the history problem did not yet exist because Japan had no diplomatic relations with South Korea and China. In the meantime, the Tokyo Trial prosecuted Japanese leaders for ... More


The Legacy of the Tokyo Trial

Hiro Saito

in The History Problem: The Politics of War Commemoration in East Asia

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780824856748
eISBN:
9780824873714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824856748.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

Since relevant political actors used the Tokyo Trial as a reference point, a critical reassessment of the trial holds the key to resolving the history problem. First, elements of victor’s justice in ... More


The Trial Begins

Kenneth S. Broun

in Saving Nelson Mandela: The Rivonia Trial and the Fate of South Africa

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199740222
eISBN:
9780190254391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199740222.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter focuses on the beginning of the Rivonia Trial. Mandela and ten other prisoners were brought out from their cells to the Palace of Justice in Pretoria. Judge Quartus de Wet later came on ... More


1875–1876 In Search of a Manager

Michael Ainger

in Gilbert and Sullivan: A Dual Biography

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195147698
eISBN:
9780199849437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195147698.003.0010
Subject:
Music, Popular

Trial by Jury was now coming toward the end of its run at the Royalty. Charles Morton called on William Gilbert to tell him that he was taking over as manager of the Opera ... More


1874–1875 Trial by Jury

Michael Ainger

in Gilbert and Sullivan: A Dual Biography

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195147698
eISBN:
9780199849437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195147698.003.0009
Subject:
Music, Popular

On Maundy Thursday, March 25, 1875, at the Royalty Theatre, Dean Street, the evening's entertainment came with the first performance of Trial by Jury. A novel and entirely original Dramatic Cantata, ... More


Trial by Jury

Gayden Wren

in A Most Ingenious Paradox: The Art of Gilbert and Sullivan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195301724
eISBN:
9780199850655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301724.003.0005
Subject:
Music, Popular

The Trial by Jury began as an isolated project for Gilbert and Sullivan, but after it notched 300 performances, both men were thinking in terms of sustained partnership. The opera is a single-scene ... More


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