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Chemicals and Hazardous Substances

David Vogel

in The Politics of Precaution: Regulating Health, Safety, and Environmental Risks in Europe and the United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691124162
eISBN:
9781400842568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691124162.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter looks at American and European policies toward the risks of chemicals and hazardous substances. The 1976 Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) significantly strengthened American chemical ... More


Industrial Chemicals as Nuisances: The Rise of Environmental Health Laws and Their Limitations

Carl F. Cranor

in Tragic Failures: How and Why We are Harmed by Toxic Chemicals

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190635756
eISBN:
9780190635787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190635756.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), which emerged from congressional legislation of the 1970s following the first Earth Day, was modeled on postmarket nuisance laws, in contrast to ... More


Regulatory Policies and International Treaties

Sigmund F. Zakrzewski (ed.)

in Environmental Toxicology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195148114
eISBN:
9780197565629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195148114.003.0020
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

The purpose of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) is to ensure that all federally administered or assisted programs are conducted so as to take the environmental impact of their activity ... More


How Demands for Ideal Science Undermine the Public’s Health

Carl F. Cranor

in Tragic Failures: How and Why We are Harmed by Toxic Chemicals

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190635756
eISBN:
9780190635787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190635756.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

It is tempting under postmarket laws to demand ideal evidence to ensure that health protections are scientifically well founded and that decisions to redress injuries in the tort law are correct. ... More


Evaluating Environmental Justice: Analytic Lessons from the Academic Literature and in Practice

Ronald J. Shadbegian and Ann Wolverton

in Failed Promises: Evaluating the Federal Government's Response to Environmental Justice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028837
eISBN:
9780262327138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028837.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter analyzes the difficult challenges that arise when considering the environmental justice effects of federal rules and regulations. It complements the discussion in Chapter 4 by examining ... More


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