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Toxic Schools: High-Poverty Education in New York and Amsterdam

Bowen Paulle

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226066387
eISBN:
9780226066554
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226066554.001.0001
Subject:
Education, Secondary Education

Based on nearly six years of fieldwork in and around high poverty secondary schools on opposite sides of the Atlantic Ocean, this book uses the tools of the teacher-ethnographer to take on questions ... More


Chemicals and Hazardous Substances

David Vogel

in The Politics of Precaution: Regulating Health, Safety, and Environmental Risks in Europe and the United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691124162
eISBN:
9781400842568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691124162.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter looks at American and European policies toward the risks of chemicals and hazardous substances. The 1976 Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) significantly strengthened American chemical ... More


Something Is Missing

David Sarokin and Jay Schulkin

in Missed Information: Better Information for Building a Wealthier, More Sustainable Future

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034920
eISBN:
9780262336253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034920.003.0006
Subject:
Information Science, Library Science

Consumers have access to substantial information on the products they buy, but much information is missing. “Sustainability information” – about traits like greenhouse gases, child labor, toxic ... More


‘Mental liberation issue’: Toxic Grafity’s punk epiphany as subjectivity (re)storying ‘the truth of revolution’ across the lifespan

Mike Diboll

in Ripped, torn and cut: Pop, politics and punk fanzines from 1976

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526120595
eISBN:
9781526138835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526120595.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

Mike Diboll looks back on his life, connecting his experience as young punk producing a fanzine to his later experience in the midst of the Bahrain revolution. By so doing, he suggests a new way of ... More


The Federal Government’s Response to Environmental Inequality

David M. Konisky

in Failed Promises: Evaluating the Federal Government's Response to Environmental Justice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028837
eISBN:
9780262327138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028837.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Chapter 2 provides a historical overview of the political, social, and academic roots of the federal government’s environmental justice policy activities. The chapter begins with the case of the ... More


Evaluating Environmental Justice: Analytic Lessons from the Academic Literature and in Practice

Ronald J. Shadbegian and Ann Wolverton

in Failed Promises: Evaluating the Federal Government's Response to Environmental Justice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028837
eISBN:
9780262327138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028837.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter analyzes the difficult challenges that arise when considering the environmental justice effects of federal rules and regulations. It complements the discussion in Chapter 4 by examining ... More


Monetary Theory: Overview and Liquidity Extensions

Guillermo Calvo

in Macroeconomics in Times of Liquidity Crises: Searching for Economic Essentials

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035415
eISBN:
9780262336017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035415.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The chapter points out some deficiencies of the mainstream model utilized by many central banks. It also reviews the Fiscal Theory of the Price level. Extending the barebones version of the central ... More


Liquidity Crunch/Trap: Some Unconventional Output/Employment/Growth Implications1

Guillermo Calvo

in Macroeconomics in Times of Liquidity Crises: Searching for Economic Essentials

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035415
eISBN:
9780262336017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035415.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The chapter shows that a sudden and sufficiently large contraction of bonds' liquidity could generate a fall in output, liquidity trap and price deflation, suggesting that there is no contradiction ... More


Only One Chance: How Environmental Pollution Impairs Brain Development -- and How to Protect the Brains of the Next Generation

Philippe Grandjean

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199985388
eISBN:
9780199346233
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985388.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

One of every six children suffers from some form of neurodevelopmental abnormality, mostly of unknown causes. Environmental pollution is known or suspected of causing damage to brain development, but ... More


Introduction Brain Matters: Only one Chance to Develop a Brain

Philippe Grandjean

in Only One Chance: How Environmental Pollution Impairs Brain Development -- and How to Protect the Brains of the Next Generation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199985388
eISBN:
9780199346233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985388.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

One of every six children suffers from some form of neurodevelopmental abnormality, mostly of unknown causes. Environmental pollution is known or is suspected of causing damage to brain development, ... More


Sensitive Development

Philippe Grandjean

in Only One Chance: How Environmental Pollution Impairs Brain Development -- and How to Protect the Brains of the Next Generation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199985388
eISBN:
9780199346233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985388.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Brain development consists of a series of complex and intricately coordinated stages that need to happen at specific times and in a particular sequence at specific locations. Damage during early ... More


Toxicology

Christopher L. J. Frid and Bryony A. Caswell

in Marine Pollution

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198726289
eISBN:
9780191843815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198726289.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

To determine whether or not a contaminant has the potential to become a pollutant, its biological effects must first be established. The scientific discipline of toxicology considers the measurement ... More


Introduction

Carl F. Cranor

in Tragic Failures: How and Why We are Harmed by Toxic Chemicals

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190635756
eISBN:
9780190635787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190635756.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter provides vignettes of some people who have been harmed by toxic substances, and describes how difficult it has been to assess the risks of formaldehyde. Distinguishing between premarket ... More


Industrial Chemicals as Nuisances: The Rise of Environmental Health Laws and Their Limitations

Carl F. Cranor

in Tragic Failures: How and Why We are Harmed by Toxic Chemicals

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190635756
eISBN:
9780190635787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190635756.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), which emerged from congressional legislation of the 1970s following the first Earth Day, was modeled on postmarket nuisance laws, in contrast to ... More


How Demands for Ideal Science Undermine the Public’s Health

Carl F. Cranor

in Tragic Failures: How and Why We are Harmed by Toxic Chemicals

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190635756
eISBN:
9780190635787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190635756.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

It is tempting under postmarket laws to demand ideal evidence to ensure that health protections are scientifically well founded and that decisions to redress injuries in the tort law are correct. ... More


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