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Toxic Schools: High-Poverty Education in New York and Amsterdam

Bowen Paulle

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226066387
eISBN:
9780226066554
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226066554.001.0001
Subject:
Education, Secondary Education

Based on nearly six years of fieldwork in and around high poverty secondary schools on opposite sides of the Atlantic Ocean, this book uses the tools of the teacher-ethnographer to take on questions ... More


Chemicals and Hazardous Substances

David Vogel

in The Politics of Precaution: Regulating Health, Safety, and Environmental Risks in Europe and the United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691124162
eISBN:
9781400842568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691124162.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter looks at American and European policies toward the risks of chemicals and hazardous substances. The 1976 Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) significantly strengthened American chemical ... More


Conclusion: Reflecting on Toxic Masculinity

Esther De Dauw and Daniel J. Connell (eds)

in Toxic Masculinity: Mapping the Monstrous in Our Heroes

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781496828934
eISBN:
9781496828989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496828934.003.0010
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

What this collection has attempted to do is provide impetus to a very simple idea: plurality. It considers the need for more than one type of gender, with a spectrum of gender identities instead to ... More


Something Is Missing

David Sarokin and Jay Schulkin

in Missed Information: Better Information for Building a Wealthier, More Sustainable Future

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034920
eISBN:
9780262336253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034920.003.0006
Subject:
Information Science, Library Science

Consumers have access to substantial information on the products they buy, but much information is missing. “Sustainability information” – about traits like greenhouse gases, child labor, toxic ... More


‘Mental liberation issue’: Toxic Grafity’s punk epiphany as subjectivity (re)storying ‘the truth of revolution’ across the lifespan

Mike Diboll

in Ripped, torn and cut: Pop, politics and punk fanzines from 1976

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526120595
eISBN:
9781526138835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526120595.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

Mike Diboll looks back on his life, connecting his experience as young punk producing a fanzine to his later experience in the midst of the Bahrain revolution. By so doing, he suggests a new way of ... More


The Federal Government’s Response to Environmental Inequality

David M. Konisky

in Failed Promises: Evaluating the Federal Government's Response to Environmental Justice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028837
eISBN:
9780262327138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028837.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Chapter 2 provides a historical overview of the political, social, and academic roots of the federal government’s environmental justice policy activities. The chapter begins with the case of the ... More


Evaluating Environmental Justice: Analytic Lessons from the Academic Literature and in Practice

Ronald J. Shadbegian and Ann Wolverton

in Failed Promises: Evaluating the Federal Government's Response to Environmental Justice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028837
eISBN:
9780262327138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028837.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter analyzes the difficult challenges that arise when considering the environmental justice effects of federal rules and regulations. It complements the discussion in Chapter 4 by examining ... More


Monetary Theory: Overview and Liquidity Extensions

Guillermo Calvo

in Macroeconomics in Times of Liquidity Crises: Searching for Economic Essentials

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035415
eISBN:
9780262336017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035415.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The chapter points out some deficiencies of the mainstream model utilized by many central banks. It also reviews the Fiscal Theory of the Price level. Extending the barebones version of the central ... More


Liquidity Crunch/Trap: Some Unconventional Output/Employment/Growth Implications1

Guillermo Calvo

in Macroeconomics in Times of Liquidity Crises: Searching for Economic Essentials

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035415
eISBN:
9780262336017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035415.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The chapter shows that a sudden and sufficiently large contraction of bonds' liquidity could generate a fall in output, liquidity trap and price deflation, suggesting that there is no contradiction ... More


Only One Chance: How Environmental Pollution Impairs Brain Development -- and How to Protect the Brains of the Next Generation

Philippe Grandjean

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199985388
eISBN:
9780199346233
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985388.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

One of every six children suffers from some form of neurodevelopmental abnormality, mostly of unknown causes. Environmental pollution is known or suspected of causing damage to brain development, but ... More


Introduction Brain Matters: Only one Chance to Develop a Brain

Philippe Grandjean

in Only One Chance: How Environmental Pollution Impairs Brain Development -- and How to Protect the Brains of the Next Generation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199985388
eISBN:
9780199346233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985388.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

One of every six children suffers from some form of neurodevelopmental abnormality, mostly of unknown causes. Environmental pollution is known or is suspected of causing damage to brain development, ... More


Sensitive Development

Philippe Grandjean

in Only One Chance: How Environmental Pollution Impairs Brain Development -- and How to Protect the Brains of the Next Generation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199985388
eISBN:
9780199346233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985388.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Brain development consists of a series of complex and intricately coordinated stages that need to happen at specific times and in a particular sequence at specific locations. Damage during early ... More


Regulatory Policies and International Treaties

Sigmund F. Zakrzewski (ed.)

in Environmental Toxicology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195148114
eISBN:
9780197565629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195148114.003.0020
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

The purpose of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) is to ensure that all federally administered or assisted programs are conducted so as to take the environmental impact of their activity ... More


Early Excessive Iritis

Kundandeep S. Nagi

in Complications of Glaucoma Surgery

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195382365
eISBN:
9780197562703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195382365.003.0026
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Ophthalmology

Inflammation in the early postoperative period after filtration surgery generally resolves quickly; however, there are certain underlying conditions that may produce more than the usual degree of ... More


Toxicology

Christopher L. J. Frid and Bryony A. Caswell

in Marine Pollution

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198726289
eISBN:
9780191843815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198726289.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

To determine whether or not a contaminant has the potential to become a pollutant, its biological effects must first be established. The scientific discipline of toxicology considers the measurement ... More


Digging to China

Howard G. Wilshire, Richard W. Hazlett, and Jane E. Nielson

in The American West at Risk: Science, Myths, and Politics of Land Abuse and Recovery

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195142051
eISBN:
9780197561782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195142051.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Social Impact of Environmental Issues

Americans like to buy things and own them—barbecues and refrigerators, computers and iPods, cars and bikes, boats and even private planes. Some folks make their appliances last a long time, but ... More


In the End Is the Beginning: Love Canal Lessons

Richard S. Newman

in Love Canal: A Toxic History from Colonial Times to the Present

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195374834
eISBN:
9780197562673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195374834.003.0017
Subject:
Environmental Science, Pollution and Threats to the Environment

As yet another summer approached with little prospect of change, Love Canal residents took more risks to get out of their toxic environment. On May 19, 1980, the LCHA detained two EPA ... More


Movement Disorders

Max Fink MD

in Electroconvulsive Therapy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195365740
eISBN:
9780197562604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195365740.003.0011
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Patients with mental disorders exhibit a range of abnormal movements. The severely depressed are given to hand wringing, pacing, and restlessness. Others lie in bed, stare into space, and posture ... More


Introduction

Carl F. Cranor

in Tragic Failures: How and Why We are Harmed by Toxic Chemicals

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190635756
eISBN:
9780190635787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190635756.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter provides vignettes of some people who have been harmed by toxic substances, and describes how difficult it has been to assess the risks of formaldehyde. Distinguishing between premarket ... More


Industrial Chemicals as Nuisances: The Rise of Environmental Health Laws and Their Limitations

Carl F. Cranor

in Tragic Failures: How and Why We are Harmed by Toxic Chemicals

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190635756
eISBN:
9780190635787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190635756.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), which emerged from congressional legislation of the 1970s following the first Earth Day, was modeled on postmarket nuisance laws, in contrast to ... More


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