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Time

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Truthmaker and other arguments are presented to show the implausibility, at least, of Presentism (only the present exists) and the more plausible Growing Block theory (the past exists but not the ... More


Introduction

Craig Bourne

in A Future for Presentism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199212804
eISBN:
9780191707094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212804.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I begin by discussing what a theory of time is and what it should aim to do. Then discusses the initial plausible candidates for a theory of time; shows how best to frame the debate between tensed ... More


When Am I?

Craig Bourne

in A Future for Presentism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199212804
eISBN:
9780191707094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212804.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I introduce the Present Problem: how can a theory of time guarantee the infallible knowledge that we have that we are present? I show that only presentism and the tenseless theory can satisfy this ... More


Evidential Arguments from Evil, against the Existence of God

Bruce Langtry

in God, the Best, and Evil

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199238798
eISBN:
9780191716485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238798.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter attacks four recent, representative evidential arguments: Michael Tooley's, William L. Rowe's, and J. L. Schellenberg's, and an argument from horrific evils, arising from Chapter 6. ... More


Laws of Nature

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Once one has ‘sparse’ universals it is natural to think that an account of laws of nature can be given in terms of relations between these universals. Fred Dretske, Michael Tooley, and myself all ... More


The Regularity Theory I: Humean Supervenience

Bernard Berofsky

in Nature's Challenge to Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199640010
eISBN:
9780191738197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640010.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

A central tenet of the regularity theory is the doctrine of Humean supervenience (HS), the view that two worlds that are identical in their nonnomic facts must be identical in their laws. John ... More


The Regularity Theory II: Laws and Accidental Generalizations

Bernard Berofsky

in Nature's Challenge to Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199640010
eISBN:
9780191738197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640010.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

The critiques of the regularity theory by Fred Dretske, Michael Tooley, and D. M. Armstrong are shown to fail. A categorization of “accidental generalizations” is offered. The failures of the best ... More


Universals: Laws Grounded in Nature

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Laws and Symmetry

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198248606
eISBN:
9780191597459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198248601.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Universals accounts of laws of nature begin with a robust anti‐nominalism: there are real properties and relations that are to be distinguished from sets or arbitrary classifications. Those real ... More


Killing and Letting Die

Philippa Foot

in Moral Dilemmas: and Other Topics in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252848
eISBN:
9780191597411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925284X.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Considers the moral relevance of a distinction between killing and letting die, which distinction is sometimes morally critical, as shown in the difference between killing one to save five and ... More


The Metaphysics of Free Will

Timothy O'Connor

in Persons and Causes: The Metaphysics of Free Will

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195153743
eISBN:
9780199867080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515374X.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops the basic metaphysics of agent causation. The author analyzes causal notions generally in terms of the notion of ’causal power’ or ’causal capacity.’ The difference between ... More


Other Inductive Arguments

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Six C-inductive arguments for and against the existence of God are critically discussed in this chapter: the Argument from Consciousness, the Argument from Moral Truth, the Argument from Moral ... More


Fighting the Zombie of the Growing Salami 1

David Braddon-Mitchell

in Oxford Studies in Metaphysics, Volume 8

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682904
eISBN:
9780191763083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682904.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This paper presents two ways in which one might try to evade the epistemic objection to growing block models of time.  These are offered, inter alia, as interpretations of suggestions by Correia and ... More


Killing John to Save Mary: A Defense of the Moral Distinction between Killing and Letting Die

Helen Frowe

in Action, Ethics, and Responsibility

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014731
eISBN:
9780262289276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014731.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents an argument in opposition to that presented by Michael Tooley; Tooley’s argument states that initiating a causal process is morally equivalent to refraining from interfering in ... More


Rejecting the Fourth Premise

David Boonin

in The Non-Identity Problem and the Ethics of Future People

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199682935
eISBN:
9780191787713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682935.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explains and critically evaluates those solutions to the non-identity problem that involve rejecting the fourth premise of the argument that gives rise to the problem, the claim that if ... More


Rightmaking and Wrongmaking Properties, Evil, and Theism

Bruce Langtry

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198722335
eISBN:
9780191789229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722335.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter discusses an evidential argument from evil against the existence of God, advanced by Michael Tooley in his book (co-authored with Alvin Plantinga), Knowledge of God. Whereas Tooley’s ... More


Alternatives to Impersonal Approaches: Birthrights and Role-Based Duties

David Benatar

in Debating Procreation: Is It Wrong to Reproduce?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199333547
eISBN:
9780190249571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199333547.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the second source of procreative constraints introduced in the previous chapter based on duties to future children that are roughly “birthright” or “role-based” duties ... More


Abortion

Torbjörn Tännsjö

in Taking Life: Three Theories on the Ethics of Killing

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780190225575
eISBN:
9780190225605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190225575.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter starts off by asking the question of whether it is morally permissible for a woman to have an abortion when she feels that she doesn’t want to take care of her unborn child. The two ... More


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