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Middle Horizon Imperialism and the Prehistoric Dispersal of Andean Languages

WILLIAM H. ISBELL

in Archaeology and Language in the Andes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265031
eISBN:
9780191754142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265031.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, American History: pre-Columbian BCE to 500CE

The dispersal of the Romance language family by the Roman Empire is an attractive model for examining the spread of Quechua. Wari and Tiwanaku are often considered the first Andean empires, during ... More


Ancient Titicaca: The Evolution of Complex Society in Southern Peru and Northern Bolivia

Charles Stanish

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520232457
eISBN:
9780520928190
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520232457.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

One of the richest and most complex civilizations in ancient America evolved around Lake Titicaca in southern Peru and northern Bolivia. This book is a comprehensive synthesis of four thousand years ... More


The First State of Tiwanaku

Charles Stanish

in Ancient Titicaca: The Evolution of Complex Society in Southern Peru and Northern Bolivia

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520232457
eISBN:
9780520928190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520232457.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter focuses on Tiwanaku, the first state in the Titicaca Basin region. In the seventh century ad Tiwanaku represented the first fully developed archaic state in the Titicaca Basin. It ... More


Identifying Archaeological Human Migration Using Biogeochemistry: Case Studies from the South-Central Andes

Kelly J. Knudson

in Rethinking Anthropological Perspectives on Migration

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813036076
eISBN:
9780813041780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036076.003.0012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

Using biogeochemistry, archaeologists and bioarchaeologists can identify residential mobility and migration in migratory individuals themselves, rather than using proxies such as artifact ... More


Post-Tiwanaku Ethnogenesis in the Coastal Moquegua Valley, Peru

KELLY J. KNUDSON and CHRISTOPHER M. STOJANOWSKI

in Bioarchaeology and Identity in the Americas

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813036786
eISBN:
9780813041865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036786.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

In the South Central Andes, a number of different cultural groups emerged in the wake of the collapse of the Tiwanaku polity. Among the cultural groups to emerge in the wake of this collapse were the ... More


The Complex Relationship between Tiwanaku Mortuary Identity and Geographic Origin in the South Central Andes

KELLY J. KNUDSON and CHRISTOPHER M. STOJANOWSKI

in Bioarchaeology and Identity in the Americas

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813036786
eISBN:
9780813041865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036786.003.0009
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Political integration and expansion in archaeological states and empires uniquely affected incorporated peoples, who often created and manipulated social, political, and religious identities in ... More


Explaining Colla War: Pukaras through Time

Elizabeth N. Arkush

in Hillforts of the Ancient Andes: Colla Warfare, Society, and Landscape

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813035260
eISBN:
9780813039107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813035260.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter examines the pukara chronology and its implications for understanding the causes of warfare in this context. Radiocarbon dates show that the pukaras did not evolve gradually over time ... More


Tiwanaku Influence on Local Drinking Patterns in Cochabamba, Bolivia

Karen Anderson

in Drink, Power, and Society in the Andes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813033068
eISBN:
9780813038575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813033068.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter investigates the spread of the Tiwanaku drinking culture (ad 600–1100) by addressing shifts in the drinking cup assemblages found at sites in the Cochabamba Valley of highland Bolivia. ... More


Urbanism in Prehispanic Andes

Ian Farrington

in Cusco: Urbanism and Archaeology in the Inka World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780813044330
eISBN:
9780813046327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044330.003.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Cusco, the inka capital, is understood largely through colonial historical accounts and not through the archaeological record. The intention of this book is to use the archaeological record to ... More


Tracing Tiwanaku Childhoods: A Bioarchaeological Study of Age and Social Identities in Tiwanaku Society

Deborah E. Blom and Kelly J. Knudson

in Tracing Childhood: Bioarchaeological Investigations of Early Lives in Antiquity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813049830
eISBN:
9780813050324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049830.003.0013
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter fills a gap in studies of the ancient Andes by incorporating age identities into previous research into the formation of social identities in the Tiwanaku polity (ca. AD 500 – 1150). A ... More


Migration as a Response to Environmental and Political Disruption: The Middle Horizon and Late Intermediate Periods in the South-Central Andes

Kelly J. Knudson and Christina Torres-Rouff

in Migration and Disruptions: Toward a Unifying Theory of Ancient and Contemporary Migrations

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813060804
eISBN:
9780813050874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060804.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter investigates the role of environmental and political disruption on migration patterns in the South-Central Andes during the Middle Horizon (c. A.D. 500–1100) and Late Intermediate Period ... More


Using a Graphic Model to Explore the Range of Cross-Cultural Interaction in Ancient Borderlands

Ulrike Matthies Green and Kirk E. Costion

in Frontiers of Colonialism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813054346
eISBN:
9780813053073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054346.003.0010
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

In order to illuminate the complexities of culture contact in colonial settings it is not enough to simply shift one’s research onto the periphery, instead it is imperative that these peripheral ... More


Twelfth Century AD: Climate, Environment, and the Tiwanaku State

Lonnie G. Thompson and Alan L. Kolata

in Megadrought and Collapse: From Early Agriculture to Angkor

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199329199
eISBN:
9780190607920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199329199.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Non-Classical

Climate is a fundamental and independent variable of human existence. Given that 50 percent of the Earth’s surface and much of its population exist between 30oN and 30oS, paleoenvironmental research ... More


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