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Everyday Life in Ancient Mesopotamia

Jean Bottero

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748613878
eISBN:
9780748653584
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748613878.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The civilisation of Ancient Mesopotamia flourished between 3300 BC and 2000 BC in the southern half of the lands between and either side of the Tigris and Euphrates, where a vast grain harvest (about ... More


Ancient Mesopotamia at the Dawn of Civilization: The Evolution of an Urban Landscape

Guillermo Algaze

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226013770
eISBN:
9780226013787
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226013787.001.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

The alluvial lowlands of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in southern Mesopotamia are widely known as the “cradle of civilization”; owing to the scale of the processes of urbanization that took place ... More


Voyage on the Tigris

Mushirul Hasan

in Exploring the West: Three Travel Narratives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198063117
eISBN:
9780199080199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198063117.003.0052
Subject:
History, Indian History

The author continues his pilgrimage to Nejif and presents an account of the camals of Husseiny and Assuffy. He praises the late Nabob Assuf ad Dowleh and describes the cities of Hilla and Nejif, the ... More


The Ordeal

Bertrand Lafont

in Everyday Life in Ancient Mesopotamia

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748613878
eISBN:
9780748653584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748613878.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The origins of the ordeal go back a very long way in history, and research into its oldest traces takes one back some 5,000 years to the valley of the Tigris and Euphrates. What gave its unity to the ... More


Incentives to Cooperate: Political and Economic Instruments

Shlomi Dinar and Ariel Dinar

in International Water Scarcity and Variability: Managing Resource Use Across Political Boundaries

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520283077
eISBN:
9780520958906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520283077.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter assesses the mechanisms introduced in Chapter 4 by considering actual cases and evaluating how the mechanism or strategy used contributed to cooperation. In addition to mechanisms such ... More


The Destruction of Achaemenid Persia and the Creation of Seleucid Iran

Matthew P. Canepa

in Iranian Expanse: Transforming Royal Identity through Architecture, Landscape, and the Built Environment, 550 BCE-642 CE

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780520290037
eISBN:
9780520964365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520290037.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

Chapter 3 offer a new approach to the evidence that takes into account not just continuities with Persian practice, but also the Seleucid Empire’s breaks with Achaemenid traditions. I argue that the ... More


The Sumerian Takeoff

in Ancient Mesopotamia at the Dawn of Civilization: The Evolution of an Urban Landscape

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226013770
eISBN:
9780226013787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226013787.003.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter begins with a discussion of how natural and created landscapes determine, reinforce, and compound each other in modern cities and their surrounding areas, which are applicable to earlier ... More


Early Mesopotamian Urbanism: Why?

in Ancient Mesopotamia at the Dawn of Civilization: The Evolution of an Urban Landscape

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226013770
eISBN:
9780226013787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226013787.003.0004
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter explores the unique ecology and geography of the alluvial lowlands of the Tigris–Euphrates rivers during the fifth and fourth millennia bc. The former gave early polities in the area ... More


Rivers of the Sultan: The Tigris and Euphrates in the Ottoman Empire

Faisal H. Husain

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197547274
eISBN:
9780197547304
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197547274.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Rivers of the Sultan offers a history of the Ottoman Empire’s management of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in the early modern period. During the early sixteenth century, a radical political ... More


Malthus in the Middle East: Scarcity-Induced Water Conflicts

Hussein A. Amery

in Water and Conflict in the Middle East

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780197552636
eISBN:
9780197554616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197552636.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

Using a Malthusian framework, Chapter 3 draws parallels between political economy of the Southeast Anatolian (Güneydoğu Anadolu Projesi or GAP) dam project in Turkey that affects water flow to the ... More


Turkish Hydro-Hegemony: The Impact Of Dams

Paul A. Williams

in Water and Conflict in the Middle East

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780197552636
eISBN:
9780197554616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197552636.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

Chapter 3 explores how Turkey, the beneficiary of nearly completed major dam projects, and situated at the headwaters of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers, is nearly in a position as the upstream state ... More


A Watershed Moment: Assesing the Hydropolitics of Iraqi Kurdistan

Marcus DuBois King

in Water and Conflict in the Middle East

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780197552636
eISBN:
9780197554616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197552636.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

Chapter 4 establishes Iraqi Kurdistan as a de-facto riparian actor the Tigris and Euphrates River System explaining that it is blessed with abundant water resources that are now under increasing ... More


Introduction

Faisal H. Husain

in Rivers of the Sultan: The Tigris and Euphrates in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197547274
eISBN:
9780197547304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197547274.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter introduces the themes and arguments of the book. In particular, it explains the benefits of adopting a holistic approach to the history of the river basin that acknowledges its cultural, ... More


Fortresses

Faisal H. Husain

in Rivers of the Sultan: The Tigris and Euphrates in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197547274
eISBN:
9780197547304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197547274.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the role of river transportation in Ottoman state-building in Iraq. From the sixteenth century, the Ottoman state organized a steady supply of grains and arms to be shipped from ... More


Shipyards

Faisal H. Husain

in Rivers of the Sultan: The Tigris and Euphrates in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197547274
eISBN:
9780197547304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197547274.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter provides a history of the Ottoman naval fleet in the Tigris-Euphrates basin, referred to as the Shatt River Fleet in Ottoman bureaucratic parlance. In the sixteenth century, the Ottomans ... More


Arable Lands

Faisal H. Husain

in Rivers of the Sultan: The Tigris and Euphrates in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197547274
eISBN:
9780197547304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197547274.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter reconstructs Ottoman irrigation policies in the Tigris-Euphrates alluvial plain. Numerous considerations shaped the Ottoman management of irrigation agriculture in the region. The ... More


Grasslands

Faisal H. Husain

in Rivers of the Sultan: The Tigris and Euphrates in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197547274
eISBN:
9780197547304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197547274.003.0005
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter details Ottoman policies to regulate the exploitation of grasslands in the Tigris-Euphrates alluvial plain. The flow regime of the Tigris and Euphrates created extensive pastures that ... More


Wetlands

Faisal H. Husain

in Rivers of the Sultan: The Tigris and Euphrates in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197547274
eISBN:
9780197547304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197547274.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter focuses on Ottoman policies to manage the exploitation of wetlands in the Tigris-Euphrates alluvial plain. In the early modern period, ever-more powerful empires engaged in ambitious ... More


After the Flood

Faisal H. Husain

in Rivers of the Sultan: The Tigris and Euphrates in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197547274
eISBN:
9780197547304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197547274.003.0008
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter documents the long-term consequences of the Euphrates’ channel shift that occurred in the late seventeenth century. The rural order established by the Ottoman administration from the ... More


Conclusion

Faisal H. Husain

in Rivers of the Sultan: The Tigris and Euphrates in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197547274
eISBN:
9780197547304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197547274.003.0009
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter summarizes the Ottoman experience in the Tigris-Euphrates basin during the early modern period and what has happened ever since. After deposing the Pashalik of Baghdad in 1831, the ... More


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