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Shadows and Light

Joseph P. Tomain

in Creon's Ghost: Law, Justice, and the Humanities

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195333411
eISBN:
9780199868841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333411.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The Allegory of the Cave is both more familiar and complex than it might first appear. The familiar part of this allegory is that a prisoner is unshackled and works his way into the warmth and light ... More


3. Virtues and Consequences

David Fisher

in Morality and War: Can War Be Just in the Twenty-first Century?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599240
eISBN:
9780191725692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599240.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religion and Society

Consequentialists gave reason the role of calculating the consequences for human welfare of our actions. But consequentialists have come under attack from deontologists and virtue ethicists. This ... More


Republic I

Terence Irwin

in Plato's Ethics

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195086454
eISBN:
9780199833306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195086457.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Chapter 11 considers book I of the Republic and mainly treats the role book I plays in the dialogue. It is argued that book I is written to illustrate how the Socrates of the early dialogues would ... More


The Righteous Are Happy

George Rudebusch

in Socrates, Pleasure, and Value

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195159615
eISBN:
9780199869367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159616.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

At the end of Republic Book 1, Socrates leads Thrasymachus to the conclusion that unrighteousness is never more profitable than righteousness, by showing that the righteous are happy and the ... More


Cephalus, Odysseus, and the Importance of Experience

C. D. C. Reeve

in Blindness and Reorientation: Problems in Plato's Republic

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199934430
eISBN:
9780199980659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199934430.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Cephalus more or less begins the Republic; Odysseus more or less ends it. The two are seldom compared, yet each is portrayed as making good life choices despite being ignorant of philosophy. This ... More


Glaucon’s Thrasymachean Challenge

C. D. C. Reeve

in Blindness and Reorientation: Problems in Plato's Republic

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199934430
eISBN:
9780199980659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199934430.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Glaucon and Adeimantus present themselves as renewing the arguments of Thrasymachus, yet most scholars have found it impossible to take them at their word, or to find in Thrasymachus’ account of ... More


The Elenchic Victory and the Failure of Persuasion

James L. Kastely

in The Rhetoric of Plato'S Republic: Democracy and the Philosophical Problem of Persuasion

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226278629
eISBN:
9780226278766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226278766.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In Republic Book 1, Plato introduces persuasion as a problem for Socrates by having his efforts to engage in refutation end inconclusively. The discussions raise three issues that will be central to ... More


Rationality and Virtue

Philippa Foot

in Moral Dilemmas: and Other Topics in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252848
eISBN:
9780191597411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925284X.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Considers the age‐old problem of the rationality of obeying the precepts of justice even when this conflicts with self‐interest and desire. If this is irrational action, how can it be good action? ... More


Morality and Happiness

Kelly James Clark and Andrew Samuel

in Evidence and Religious Belief

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603718
eISBN:
9780191729287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603718.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

Social contract theorists offer well-developed answers to the question ‘Why Be Moral?’. According to social contract theories of morality, right and wrong are constituted by the agreement among ... More


Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 53

Victor Caston (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198815655
eISBN:
9780191853197
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815655.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy provides, twice each year, a collection of the best current work in the field of ancient philosophy. Each volume features original essays that contribute to an ... More


Neutralism In Book I of the Republic

George Rudebusch

in Pursuing the Good: Ethics and Metaphysics in Plato's Republic

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748628117
eISBN:
9780748652488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748628117.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter shows that both the ruler-qua-ruler argument and the rulers-in-our-cities argument refute Thrasymachus' doctrine that the truly wise are egoists. Those arguments establish the thesis of ... More


Passions and Persuasion in Aristotle's Rhetoric

Jamie Dow

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198716266
eISBN:
9780191784996
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716266.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The principal claim is that for Aristotle arousing the passions of others can amount to giving them proper grounds for conviction. Hence a skill in doing so is properly part of rhetorical expertise. ... More


Platonic Political Philosophy: “Ministerial Poetry”

Laurence Lampert

in The Enduring Importance of Leo Strauss

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226039480
eISBN:
9780226039510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226039510.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The chapter “Platonic Political Philosophy: ‘Ministerial Poetry’” deals with Strauss’s important essay, “On Plato’s Republic.” It shows how Strauss describes Platonism generally as “ministerial ... More


Representing Opponents in the Republic

A. G. Long

in Conversation and Self-Sufficiency in Plato

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199695355
eISBN:
9780191752360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695355.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Discusses why Socrates needs conversation with Glaucon and Adeimantus. It is argued that the importance of these interlocutors reflects Plato’s grasp of the distinction between dialectical victory ... More


The Defense of Justice in Republic 1

Andrew Payne

in The Teleology of Action in Plato's Republic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198799023
eISBN:
9780191846670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799023.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In this chapter, Socrates’ defense of justice in Book 1 is addressed. Thrasymachus’ definition of justice as the interest of the stronger provides the impetus for this defense. Socrates refutes this ... More


The Coherence Of Thrasymachus

Ralph Wedgwood

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 53

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198815655
eISBN:
9780191853197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815655.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This essay gives an interpretation of the character of Thrasymachus in Plato’s Republic. Contrary to what recent commentators have claimed, Plato presents Thrasymachus as a horrifying figure, with a ... More


Rhetoric and the State—Aristotle and His Predecessors

Jamie Dow

in Passions and Persuasion in Aristotle's Rhetoric

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198716266
eISBN:
9780191784996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716266.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

When Aristotle, in the Rhetoric, sets out his own understanding of rhetoric, he does so by distinguishing it from the rival views of his predecessors, and argues for its merits in relation to theirs. ... More


Aristotle against His Rivals

Jamie Dow

in Passions and Persuasion in Aristotle's Rhetoric

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198716266
eISBN:
9780191784996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716266.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter summarizes the view of Aristotelian rhetoric that has emerged from the previous chapters and shows how it offers an account that is superior to its contemporary rivals. Aristotle ... More


A Supposed Contradiction about Emotion-Arousal in Aristotle’s Rhetoric

Jamie Dow

in Passions and Persuasion in Aristotle's Rhetoric

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198716266
eISBN:
9780191784996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716266.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Aristotle, in the Rhetoric, appears to claim both that emotion-arousal has no place in the essential core of rhetorical expertise and that it has an extremely important place as one of three ... More


Technē and archē in Plato’s Republic Book 1

Melissa Lane

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 57

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198850847
eISBN:
9780191885709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198850847.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Socrates’ refutation of Thrasymachus in Republic Book 1 is usually read as hinging on the nature of technē (often translated as ‘craft’ or ‘skill’; I translate as ‘profession’). This paper argues ... More


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