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Educating William: Belfast, Glasgow, and Cambridge

Alex D. D. Craik

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the early education of William Thomson. It covers the influence of his father James Thomson in his education, his experiences at Glasgow College, at Cambridge University, and ... More


James Thomson and the Culture of a Victorian Engineer

Peter Bowler

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on William Thomson's brother, James. James Thomson was primarily an engineer. He was the second Professor of Engineering at Queen's College, Belfast, serving from 1857 to 1873, ... More


Kelvin, Maxwell, Einstein and the Ether: Who was Right about What?

C. W. Francis Everitt

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0014
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

Ether theory (according to the myth) requires that as the Earth moves through space, the measured velocity of light parallel and perpendicular to its motion will vary. Two American physicists, A. A. ... More


William Thomson: An Introductory Biography

Mark McCartney

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter presents a biography of William Thomson. Topics covered include his early years in Glasgow College, his experiences at Cambridge University, his election as the Chair of Natural ... More


Concepts and Models of the Magnetic Field

John Roche

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter begins with a discussion of Thomson's scientific style. It then discusses his early heuristic analogies in electrostatics, guiding mechanical model for electromagnetism, his ‘positive’ ... More


‘A Dynamical Form of Mechanical Effect’: Thomson's Thermodynamics

Iwan Rhys Morus

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

As he settled into his position as Professor of Natural Philosophy at Glasgow, Thomson would spend much of his time over the subsequent years pondering over the problem of heat and the difficulty of ... More


The Problem of Intelligibility Revisited

Richard Kraut

in Against Absolute Goodness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199844463
eISBN:
9780199919550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844463.003.0029
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

According to Geach, Foot, and Thomson, it is unintelligible to say that pleasure is, quite simply, good. They hold that there is no useful role for absolute goodness to play in our thinking, but ... More


Attributive and Predicative Uses of  “Good”

Richard Kraut

in Against Absolute Goodness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199844463
eISBN:
9780199919550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844463.003.0030
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Geach and Thomson believe that Moore makes a terrible mistake about the word “good.” In their words, he failed to see that it is an “attributive adjective” rather than a “predicative adjective.” What ... More


Recent Skepticism about Absolute Goodness

Richard Kraut

in Against Absolute Goodness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199844463
eISBN:
9780199919550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844463.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on how others have also arrived at a skeptical conclusion about absolute goodness, although the route by which this book comes to that conclusion is different from those that ... More


George Antheil's Ballet Mécanique

Maurice Peress

in Dvorák to Duke Ellington: A Conductor Rediscovers America's Music and Its African-American Roots

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195098228
eISBN:
9780199869817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195098228.003.0014
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter describes the researching and reconstructing of what was perhaps the most infamous modern music event of the 20th century after Stravinsky's Rite of Spring, George Antheil's “Ballet ... More


Romance, the Aeolian Harp, and the Theft of History

Murray Pittock

in Scottish and Irish Romanticism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199232796
eISBN:
9780191716409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232796.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter mainly deals with three topics: the attack by Scottish Enlightenment historiography on the earlier historiography of Scotland, and specifically the idea of a usable national past; the ... More


‘Macte nova virtute, puer!’: Gilbert Murray as Mentor and Friend to J. A. K. Thomson

Barbara F. McManus

in Gilbert Murray Reassessed: Hellenism, Theatre, and International Politics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208791
eISBN:
9780191709029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208791.003.0011
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Gilbert Murray devoted a considerable amount of time and energy to mentoring younger scholars and so any modern reassessment of the man should include information about this aspect of his ... More


Ordinary Objects as Mereological Sums

Kathrin Koslicki

in The Structure of Objects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539895
eISBN:
9780191716300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539895.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

The thesis that ordinary material objects are mereological sums in the standard sense has been remarkably popular among three-dimensionalists and four-dimensionalists alike. This chapter considers ... More


Poetry & Barthes: Anglophone Responses 1970-2000

Calum Gardner

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781786941367
eISBN:
9781789629231
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781786941367.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

This book is the first study of how the work of Roland Barthes, one of the most influential literary theorists of the twentieth century, came to be understood by poets working in English. Beginning ... More


Who Really Discovered the Electron?

Peter Achinstein

in The Book of Evidence

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143898
eISBN:
9780199833023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143892.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Although J.J. Thomson is credited with the discovery of the electron on the basis of his experiments with cathode rays in 1897, various physicists, including William Crookes, Arthur Schuster, Philipp ... More


When the Movies Mattered: The New Hollywood Revisited

Jonathan Kirshner and Jon Lewis (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501736094
eISBN:
9781501736117
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501736094.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The “New Hollywood” that emerged in the late sixties is now widely recognized as an era of remarkable filmmaking, when directors enjoyed a unique autonomy to craft ambitious, introspective movies ... More


The Manufacturers Confer

Asa Briggs

in The History of Broadcasting in the United Kingdom, Volume I: The Birth of Broadcasting

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192129260
eISBN:
9780191670008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192129260.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter focuses on the manufacturers' meetings concerning the formation of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). The first meeting was held in May 1922 at the Institution of Electrical ... More


Security Rights

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter compares a system of human rights guarantees of security with libertarian natural rights. Security rights are a solution to a collective action problem that would arise in a state of ... More


The Patriot Opposition to Walpole: Politics, Poetry, and National Myth, 1725-1742

Christine Gerrard

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198129820
eISBN:
9780191671869
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198129820.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

This book is a full-length study of the so-called Patriot opposition to Robert Walpole, which reached its height during the clamour for war against Spain at the turn of the 1730s. The book examines ... More


Conclusion: Whig afterlives

Abigail Williams

in Poetry and the Creation of a Whig Literary Culture 1681-1714

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199255207
eISBN:
9780191719837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199255207.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This chapter concludes the book by asking what happened to the Whig poetic tradition in the later 18th century. It offers some preliminary suggestions of some of the aspects of later literary and ... More


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