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The Decipherment of the Hieroglyphs

Jason Thompson

in Wonderful Things: A History of Egyptology: 1: From Antiquity to 1881

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9789774165993
eISBN:
9781617976520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774165993.003.0006
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

The initial hope that the Rosetta Stone would quickly lead to decipherment of the hieroglyphs and translation of the ancient Egyptian language were disappointed. Several scholars, including Silvestre ... More


Transparent Music and Sound-Light Analogy ca. 1800

Ellen Lockhart

in Sound Knowledge: Music and Science in London, 1789-1851

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226402079
eISBN:
9780226402109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226402109.003.0004
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter focuses on London composer Nicola Sampieri and his “Concert upon an Entire New Plan,” given at the Hanover Square Rooms and elsewhere from 1798. Sampieri’s “New Plan” employed “numerous ... More


Young’s Musical Optics

Peter Pesic

in Music and the Making of Modern Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262027274
eISBN:
9780262324380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027274.003.0012
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Building on the work of Leonhard Euler, Thomas Young advanced the wave theory of sound and light. This chapter describes how Young found his way to music against the strictures of his Quaker milieu. ... More


Physical Order

Rolf G. Kuehni and Andreas Schwarz

in Color Ordered: A Survey of Color Order Systems from Antiquity to the Present

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189681
eISBN:
9780199847747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189681.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

To develop fully the data in a particular spectral light signature, one must know it in whole spectral detail. For a natural image, this signifies a massive amount of information, depending on the ... More


Early Years as a Natural Philosopher: 1800–1802

Melvyn C. Usselman

in Pure Intelligence: The Life of William Hyde Wollaston

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226245737
eISBN:
9780226245874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226245874.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes W. H. Wollaston’s introduction to the Royal Society and its dining club, together with his association with Humphry Davy and Thomas Young. Wollaston’s intellectual emphasis on ... More


The Rosetta Stone and Quantum Waves

Nicholas Mee

in The Cosmic Mystery Tour

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831860
eISBN:
9780191869785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831860.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

It was discovered in the early decades of the twentieth century that light and matter exhibit both wave-like and particle-like behaviour and this led to the development of quantum theory. Thomas ... More


The Most Beautiful Experiment in Physics: Candidates from the RI and Elsewhere

John Meurig Thomas

in Albemarle Street: Portraits, Personalities and Presentations at The Royal Institution

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2022
ISBN:
9780192898005
eISBN:
9780191924453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192898005.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

There is often much debate in scientific circles as to which experiments or lecture-demonstrations are the most instructive, or spectacular. This chapter deals with several candidates, several of ... More


Rumford, Davy, and Young

Jennifer Coopersmith

in Energy, the Subtle Concept: The discovery of Feynman's blocks from Leibniz to Einstein

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716747
eISBN:
9780191800955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716747.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

Benjamin Thompson (later Count Rumford), founder of the Royal Institution, designs experiments showing that an ‘inexhaustible’ quantity of heat is generated by friction when cannons are bored with an ... More


Pioneers of visual science cultures

Hentschel Klaus

in Visual Cultures in Science and Technology: A Comparative History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198717874
eISBN:
9780191787546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717874.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter considers what it is that makes certain individuals become founders of remarkably visual subdisciplines or fields of science, and whether there is anything that these pioneers of visual ... More


Issues of visual perception

Hentschel Klaus

in Visual Cultures in Science and Technology: A Comparative History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198717874
eISBN:
9780191787546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717874.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter starts with the observation that surprisingly many of those actively engaged in optical, microscopic or spectroscopic research during the 19th and 20th centuries shared a common interest ... More


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