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Thomas Willis: The Functional Organization of the Brain

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Thomas Willis was born in England twenty-five years after the birth of René Descartes. Willis can be considered the first of the new breed of medical physiologists who were more influenced by ... More


Theory and Argument

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199766499
eISBN:
9780199950263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter identifies four attempts to create a successor theory and to accept the new findings of experiment and microscopy during the 17th century. It first studies Francis Glisson, who is known ... More


The Incipient Materialism of Mechanical Philosophy

David S. Sytsma

in Richard Baxter and the Mechanical Philosophers

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780190274870
eISBN:
9780190274894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274870.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Drawing on previously unexamined manuscript evidence, this chapter addresses Baxter’s response to two issues concerning the soul. First, the application of mechanical philosophy to proofs for the ... More


Puerperal Fever in the Eighteenth Century

Irvine Loudon

in The Tragedy of Childbed Fever

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204992
eISBN:
9780191676444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204992.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the earliest ideas about puerperal fever in England during the 18th century. Puerperal fever came into existence in terms of being named and recognized only between the late ... More


The Learned Press: Law and Medicine

Ian Gadd

in The History of Oxford University Press: Volume I: Beginnings to 1780

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199557318
eISBN:
9780191772320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557318.003.0016
Subject:
History, Cultural History, Economic History

The university curriculum continued to emphasize Roman and canon law, rather than common law, although a new chair of civil law was established in 1540 and canon law abolished during the Reformation. ... More


Deathbeds: Tokenography and the Science of Dying Well

Sarah Rivett

in The Science of the Soul in Colonial New England

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835241
eISBN:
9781469600789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9780807835241.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter presents deathbed testimonies containing evidence of faith. Ministers and laypeople tried to capture the essence of divine revelation in the moment before death, especially those of ... More


The Brain and Its Functions Prior to Gall

Stanley Finger

in Franz Joseph Gall: Naturalist of the Mind, Visionary of the Brain

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190464622
eISBN:
9780190464646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190464622.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Very little was known about the brain, its structural organization, and its functions when Gall began his dissections of animals, autopsies on people, and studies of individuals with congenital or ... More


Matter, Mind, and God

Michael Jacovides

in Locke's Image of the World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780198789864
eISBN:
9780191831515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198789864.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Scholastics believed that material things could naturally think in virtue of the presence of substantial forms. Locke’s teacher Thomas Willis argues that there’s a sort of matter that is naturally ... More


Hypotheses and Derivations

Michael Jacovides

in Locke's Image of the World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780198789864
eISBN:
9780191831515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198789864.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

We can uncover the causes and reasons for Locke’s acceptance of corpuscularianism by considering his life and projects before he writes the first draft of the Essay, and looking at the illustrations ... More


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