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Introduction

Daniel Butt

in Rectifying International Injustice: Principles of Compensation and Restitution Between Nations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199218240
eISBN:
9780191711589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218240.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter outlines the empirical context of the debate over reparations for historic international injustice, with particular reference to colonialism and the slave trade. It ... More


On Thomas Nagel's Objective Self (2003)

Robert C. Stalnaker

in Ways a World Might Be: Metaphysical and Anti-Metaphysical Essays

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199251483
eISBN:
9780191602320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251487.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This paper explores the conception of self proposed by Thomas Nagel. It is argued that more must be said to clarify the place of a subjective point of view in the objective world than is said by ... More


Global Institutions and Justice

Kok-Chor Tan

in Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588855
eISBN:
9780191738586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588855.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter builds on the luck egalitarian ideal defended in Part II, arguing that since equality matters independently of the ideal of democracy, it potentially applies outside the confines of the ... More


Selves and Situations

Peter Robinson

in Twentieth Century Poetry: Selves and Situations

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199273256
eISBN:
9780191706370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273256.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter outlines aspects of the book's subject by considering the call by the philosopher Thomas Nagel to consider not ‘How should we live, whatever the circumstances?’ but ‘Under what ... More


Mind the Gap

G. A. Cohen

Michael Otsuka (ed.)

in On the Currency of Egalitarian Justice, and Other Essays in Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148700
eISBN:
9781400838660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148700.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter considers Thomas Nagel's approach to political philosophy and argues that his various statements about reasonable rejection generate an inconsistency at a politically sensitive point. ... More


Why Is Death Bad?

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Examines the question of why death is bad: is it bad for the person who dies, and, if so, why? The question of what the scientific criteria should be for the person who dies is dealt with later in ... More


 Q & A

Lenn E. Goodman

in Love Thy Neighbour As Thyself

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195328820
eISBN:
9780199870172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328820.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Christine Korsgaard surveys several ways of warranting ethics (Hobbes, Puffendorff, Moore, Ross, Nagel, Hutcheson, Hume, Mill, Williams). She chooses a neo‐Kantian approach. But Goodman finds her ... More


Death and Deprivation

James Warren

in Facing Death: Epicurus and his Critics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199252893
eISBN:
9780191601408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252890.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

An examination of a central Epicurean argument, summarised in Kyria Doxa 2 but also used by Lucretius: death is not to be feared (a) since the dead cannot perceive they therefore cannot be harmed and ... More


Reason, Absurdity, and Anti-Semitism in the believer

Tom Martin

in Ethics at the Cinema

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195320398
eISBN:
9780199869534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320398.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

The aim of this essay is to account for the anti-Semitism harboured and expressed by Danny Balint, the main character in Henry Bean’s film, The Believer. I begin by considering two kinds of ... More


Facing Diversity: The Case of Epistemic Abstinence

JOSEPH RAZ

in Ethics in the Public Domain: Essays in the Morality of Law and Politics

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260691
eISBN:
9780191682148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260691.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter examines the contemporary philosophical responses of John Rawls and Thomas Nagel to the diversity of opinions, customs, and ideologies prevalent in society. Their responses differ in ... More


Prudence and the Temporal Structure of Practical Reasons

Duncan MacIntosh

in Weakness of Will and Practical Irrationality

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199257362
eISBN:
9780191601842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257361.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

According to a Humean present‐aim theory of rationality, there is no rational requirement of prudence: it is not rationally obligatory to act in light of one's foreseen future desires as well as ... More


The Theory of Motivating States

Jonathan Dancy

in Practical Reality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253050
eISBN:
9780191597282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253056.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Argues that cognitivism is the best form of psychologism; that is, that Humean accounts of motivation in terms of belief–desire combinations should be rejected in favour of cognitive ones that take ... More


Self and World

Christopher Janaway

in Self and World in Schopenhauer's Philosophy

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250036
eISBN:
9780191597817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250037.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Addresses the question of the relevance of Schopenhauer's philosophy to a present‐day audience. Schopenhauer raises questions concerning I‐thoughts, in which one makes ascriptions to oneself without ... More


The Asymmetry Problem: Death and Prenatal Nonexistence

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Examines further the question of why death is bad, but also discusses whether death is worse than prenatal non‐existence: the asymmetry thesis. This is Lucretius's question: if we are not much ... More


Non‐Teleological Explanations of Actions

G. F. Schueler

in Reasons and Purposes: Human Rationality and the Teleological Explanation of Action

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250370
eISBN:
9780191598364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250375.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

There are well‐known arguments in favour of the idea that explanations of actions are at bottom non‐teleological. Michael Smith's ‘direction‐of‐fit’ argument entails this, and both Davidson and ... More


Clarifications and Responses to Objections

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter responds to a variety of objections, including the following: that the account is not really consequentialist; that it gives too much priority to states as the guarantors of human ... More


Criminalizing Failure to Rescue: A Matter of ‘Solidarity’ or Altruism?

Andreas von Hirsch

in Crime, Punishment, and Responsibility: The Jurisprudence of Antony Duff

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199592814
eISBN:
9780191729034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592814.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Should it be a crime to fail to rescue someone in immediate danger, if one can do so without substantial risk to oneself? Whilst English law has refused to impose such liability, Germany (and several ... More


PRUDENCE: MAXIMIZATION OR IDEALISM?

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0027
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that in the realm of prudence, we are not rationally required to maximize the desire-fulfilment of our lives. It is not irrational to adopt ideals, such as the rationalist ideal ... More


The Intuition of Distinctness

David Papineau

in Thinking about Consciousness

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243822
eISBN:
9780191598166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243824.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Even materialists will admit that mind‐brain identity is counterintuitive. Some materialist philosophers think that this intuition is due to the plausibility of the standard antimaterialist ... More


Darwinian Tensions

Anthony O'Hear

in Turning Images in Philosophy, Science, and Religion: A New Book of Nature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199563340
eISBN:
9780191731303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563340.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religious Studies

There are conceptual tensions in Darwin's own writings on natural selection. It is not clear how far his reading of the theory still has teleological overtones or presupposes a direction of evolution ... More


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