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‘A deeper nature’: Malthus, Poetry, and Political Economy

PHILIP CONNELL

in Romanticism, Economics and the Question of ‘Culture’

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199282050
eISBN:
9780191714221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282050.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

The year 1798 has traditionally enjoyed a certain prominence in the canons of both English literature and economic thought. In each case, however, the justification for such distinction can no longer ... More


Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Piers J. Hale

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Historians know that Darwin was influenced by the political economist Thomas Malthus and that natural selection was therefore compatible with Whig industrial politics, but Political Descent shows ... More


Modelling the Middle Ages: The History and Theory of England's Economic Development

John Hatcher and Mark Bailey

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199244119
eISBN:
9780191697333
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244119.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, Economic History

Most of what has been written on the economy of the Middle Ages is deeply influenced by abstract concepts and theories. The most powerful and popular of these guiding beliefs are derived from ... More


Capitalism and Christianity

G. R. Searle

in Morality and the Market in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206989
eISBN:
9780191677410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206989.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines the role and experiences of Christians in Victorian era capitalism in Great Britain. It states that most of the influential academic economists during the early and ... More


Every Cheating Tradesman: The Political Economy of Natural Selection

Piers J. Hale

in Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The records of Darwin's Beagle voyage reveal the connections he drew between natural, political and moral economies. He explicitly described his encounter with the natives of Tierra del Fuego in ... More


Observing Selection: Charles Darwin and the Emergence of the Racial Sign

Irene Tucker

in The Moment of Racial Sight: A History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226922935
eISBN:
9780226922959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226922959.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Race, as was shown in the previous chapters, is constructed and organized on the model of the arbitrary relationship between signifier and signified. This chapter takes on a different task: to ... More


Classical Political Economy in Its Heyday

Margaret Schabas

in The Natural Origins of Economics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226735696
eISBN:
9780226735719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226735719.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the works of several English economists and shows how their theories about political economy are indebted to natural philosophy. These include the works of David Ricardo, Thomas ... More


Moral Culture and the March of Mind: Education and Economics in the Early Nineteenth Century

PHILIP CONNELL

in Romanticism, Economics and the Question of ‘Culture’

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199282050
eISBN:
9780191714221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282050.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

The language of politics and morals in later 18th-century England was suffused with expressions of wonder, fascination, and alarm at the growing power of ‘commerce’, the ubiquitous influence of which ... More


The Natural Origins of Economics

Margaret Schabas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226735696
eISBN:
9780226735719
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226735719.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

References to the economy are ubiquitous in modern life, and virtually every facet of human activity has capitulated to market mechanisms. In the early modern period, however, there was no common ... More


The Vision Translated

Athol Fitzgibbons

in Keynes's Vision: A New Political Economy

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283201
eISBN:
9780191596254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283202.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Considers the differences between Keynes's economic theories and the Keynesian economics that evolved in the second half of the twentieth century. The difference is between a non‐mechanistic system ... More


Liberals and Socialists: The Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Piers J. Hale

in Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Liberals and socialists variously accommodated their politics to evolutionary ideas. While historians have noted that liberals embraced social Darwinist ideas to advance either individualist ... More


Of Mice and Men: Malthus, Weismann, and the Future of Socialism

Piers J. Hale

in Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the ways British socialists interpreted evolution. As Fabianism and Marxism became more prominent, the Lamarkian and anti-Malthusian politics of men like William Morris and ... More


Malthus and the Famine Novel

CHRISTOPHER MORASH

in Writing the Irish Famine

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198182795
eISBN:
9780191673887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198182795.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Far from being distracting pieces of narrative machinery which obscure the ‘real’ representation of the Irish Famine, the conventional elements of Victorian fiction give the Famine form and hence ... More


Population and Resources

John Hatcher and Mark Bailey

in Modelling the Middle Ages: The History and Theory of England's Economic Development

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199244119
eISBN:
9780191697333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244119.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, Economic History

This chapter outlines a series of plausible arguments intended to demonstrate that the key to economic development is to be found in the relationship between population and resources, labour and ... More


Progress and Poverty: Malthus and Ricardo in America

Christopher W. Calvo

in The Emergence of Capitalism in Early America

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780813066332
eISBN:
9780813058474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813066332.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter further illustrates the split between American and British liberal political economy by analyzing the antebellum treatment of Thomas Malthus and David Ricardo. Important distinctions are ... More


Before and After Lives: John Thelwall and William Godwin

Kenneth R. Johnston

in Unusual Suspects: Pitt's Reign of Alarm and the Lost Generation of the 1790s

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199657803
eISBN:
9780191771576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657803.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

John Thelwall and William Godwin are the two highest-profile examples of ‘usual’ and ‘unusual’ suspects from the 1790s. Their lives clearly reveal the phenomenon of bifurcated biography ... More


Introduction: Life and Earth

Alison Bashford

in Global Population: History, Geopolitics, and Life on Earth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231147668
eISBN:
9780231519526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231147668.003.0014
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This introductory chapter discusses the early beginnings of a scholarship dedicated to the question of world population and the myriad issues therein, as divided into two separate categories: the ... More


Refinement, Affirmation—and the Seeds of Revolt

John Kenneth Galbraith

in Economics in Perspective: A Critical History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171647
eISBN:
9781400889075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171647.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines how economists in the established tradition amended and sharpened Adam Smith's conclusions, struggled to resolve his ambiguities, and sought otherwise to complete his system. In ... More


Peter Kropotkin: Anarchist, Revolutionary, Dreamer

Oren Harman

in Dreamers, Visionaries, and Revolutionaries in the Life Sciences

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226569871
eISBN:
9780226570075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226570075.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Evolution is a game of survival of the fittest, and to survive, organisms have to compete. But does competition always lead to a struggle between and within species, or can it also lead to ... More


Fear of Falling: Evolutionary Degeneration and the Politics of Panmixia

Piers J. Hale

in Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Political Descent closes with a consideration of the young socialist statistician, Karl Pearson. Pearson debated the extent to which Weismann's views had implications for socialist politics. In the ... More


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