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Scanlonian Contractualism

Samuel Scheffler

in On What Matters: Volume Two

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199572816
eISBN:
9780191809873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199572816.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter looks at Thomas M. Scanlon's Contractualist theory and his claim that his Contractualism gives an account of wrongness itself, or what it is for acts to be wrong. Scanlon should claim ... More


Another World: The Metaethics and Metametaethics of Reasons Fundamentalism

James Dreier

in Passions and Projections: Themes from the Philosophy of Simon Blackburn

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198723172
eISBN:
9780191789717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723172.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This is a chapter about Reasons Fundamentalism, a metaethical program that like Moorean Non-naturalism says that there are irreducible, non-natural normative facts, but rather than starting with ... More


How the Numbers Count

Samuel Scheffler

in On What Matters: Volume Two

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199572816
eISBN:
9780191809873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199572816.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents a philosophical discussion of Thomas M. Scanlon's Contractualist Formula, which says we ought to follow the principles that no one could reasonably reject. Scanlon makes various ... More


Three Kinds of Moral Rationalism

Michael Smith

in The Many Moral Rationalisms

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198797074
eISBN:
9780191858291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797074.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral rationalism can be formulated in three very different ways depending on which of three features the moral rationalist thinks is more fundamental when it comes to explaining what we are obliged ... More


Contractualism

Derek Parfit

in On What Matters: Volume One

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199572809
eISBN:
9780191809866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199572809.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents a philosophical discussion of Immanuel Kant's contractualism. It first considers the Rational Agreement Formula, which says everyone ought to follow the principles to whose ... More


The Triple Theory

Samuel Scheffler

in On What Matters: Volume Two

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199572816
eISBN:
9780191809873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199572816.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers Triple Theory, which says everyone ought to follow Rule Consequentialist principles that are UA-optimific because these are the only principles with universal acceptance which ... More


How I Am Not a Kantian

T. M. Scanlon

in On What Matters: Volume Two

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199572816
eISBN:
9780191809873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199572816.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter talks about the book's vigorous defense of a cognitivist and value-based account of reasons and its ending with the claim of a convergence between Kantian, consequentialist, and ... More


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